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of the 



Edited and Compiled 
Under Supervision 

Group Public Relations Officer 
Winona, Minn. 




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Newstoto Publishing Co. 

San Angelo, Texas 

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7 <?£> 

To the m 

their lives 
war in the European 

of the 
e given 
the air 
eater of Operations. 

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General Carl Spaatz 

Commanding General, United States Strategic Air Forces 

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Lt. General James H. Doolittle 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force 

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Lt. General Ira C. Eaker 
Former Commanding General, Eighth Air Force 


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Major General Robert B. Williams 
Former Commanding General, 1st Air Division 

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Brigadier General Julius K. Lacey 
Commanding General 94 th Combat Wing 

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Major General F. L. Anderson 
Commanding General Eighth Bomber Command 

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Colonel Bowman was the second Commanding Officer of the 401st 
Group. The first month of the Group it was commanded by Col. Neil B. 
Harding, who later became Commanding Officer of the 100th Bomb Group. 
When the 401st moved to Geiger Field, Spokane, Washington, in June, 1943, 
Colonel Eowman tcok over, and guided its destinies through training, the trip 
overseas, and 175 combat missions in 13 months of Operations. 

In December, 1944, Colonel Bowman was called to the Headquarters of 
the United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe to accept an important post 
on the staff of Lt. General Carl Spaatz. 

Colonel Bowman completed 12 missions. He received the Silver Star 
for gallantry in action while leading the Eighth Air Force to Leipzig on a 
mission February 20, 1944 and for which the 401st Bomb Group was sub- 
sequently awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation. His aircraft was heavily 
damaged but bombing results were excellent. He also wears the Distin- 
guished Flying Cross with one Oak Leaf Cluster for extraordinary achieve- 
ment while participating in bombing missions against enemy-occupied 
Europe, and the Air Medal with one Cluster as well as the Distinguished 
Unit Citation also for the great air battle over Oschersleben, Germany, 
January 11, 1944. 

Colonel and Mrs. Bowman and two children have their home in Arling- 
ton, Virginia. Col. Bowman is now chief of the Office of Public Relations, 
Headquarters, U. S. Army Air Forces in Washington. 

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Col. Harold W. Bowman 
Group Commander, June 1943-December 1944 



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Colonel Seawell, son of Mr. and Mrs. G. M. Seawell, 1205 East 6th St., 
Pine Bluff, Ark., completed 26 missions. He wears the Distinguished Flying 
Cross and three Oak Leaf Clusters, three of them for wing leads on missions 
over Germany, Feb. 22, July 19 and Aug. 24. He also wears the Air Medal 
with three Clusters and the Distinguished Unit Citation. 

He attended Marion Military Institute at Marion, Ala., and the University 
of Arkansas and was graduated from the United States Military Academy at 
West Point in the Class of 1941. He received his wings at Ellington Field, 
Texas, in March 1941, was assistant to the Assistant Chief of Staff, A-3, in 
Headquarters of the Second Air Force at Fort George Wright, Wash., for 
a year, then went to the 88th Bomb Group at Walla Walla, Wash., where 
he remained until the 401st Group was activated. 

Colonel Seawell's wife, Mrs. Judith Seawell, resides with him in Wash- 
ington, D. C., where he is a USAAF representative on Staff Military Com- 
mittee, United Nations. 

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Col. William T. Seawell 
Commanding Officer, 401st Bomb Group 


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Lt. Col. C. A. Brown 
Commanding Officer 
431sf Air Service Group 

Major Donald G. McCree 
Commanding Officer 
612 th Sguadron 

Lt. Col. E. T. de Jonckheere 
Commanding Office h 
613fh Sguadron 

Major Alvah H. Chapman 
Commanding Officer 
614 th Sguadron 

Lt. Col. Ralph J. White 
I g i n 1 Commanding Officer 

UNIVERSITY OF Wl®fi#tffe uadron 

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Major James F. Egan 

Group Navigator ( '.OOgle 

Major Julius Pickoff 

1 1 H Gioup Bombardier 


Major Earl I. Mulmed 
Group Flight Surgeon 

Capt. Ward J. Fellows 
Protestant Chaplain 

Major Joseph H. Burke 

Original f rGQfttholic Chaplain 


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Capt. Gordon R. Closway 
Group Public Relations Officer 

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Capt. Kenneth W. Dauble 

On Group Statistical Officer 


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Capt. Craig P. Howes 

Air Technical Inspector 

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Capt. Charles W. Hunt 

Group Engineering Officer 


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Capt. Arthur B. Street 
Group Weather Officer 

Col. Harris E. Rogner 
Original Deputy Commander 

Lt. Col. Burton K. Voorhees 
Former Air Executive 

Lt. Col. Edwin W. Brown 
Original Commander , 613 th Squadror 
Later , Air Executive 

Capt. Raymond L. Saks 


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Lt. Col. Carl C. Hinkle, Ir. 
Former 614 th Squadron Commander 

Capt. Russell C. Irish 
Original Commander of the 1209th 
Quartermaster Company and later 
Commanding Officer of the 681st 
Materiel Squadron 



Lt. Col. Jere W. Maupin 
Former 612th Squadron Common 


Capt. Albert w. lynch 
1199th 1VT. P, Compony 

Major C. E. Baldwin 

'I fating Control Officer 


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Capt. Joseph B. Regan 
C.O. 202 nd Finance Detachment 

Major Lyman P. Davison 
612 th Squadron Executive , and Claims 
and Investigations Officer 

Major Albert E. Barrs 
614th Squadron Executive and 
Courts and Boards Officer 

Capt. Joseph J. Conley 
>rigir Group Gunnery Officer 


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C^apt. Charles E. Fuller, Jr. 
" 861sf Chemical Company 

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Major Robert C. Clements 
«:>i CO !>57fh Air Engineering Squadron 


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Lt. Col. Allison C. Brooks 

Former Group Operations Officer 


Lt. Col. Clayton A. Scott 

Former Ground Executive Officer 


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A formation of B-17s, a bomb and the 
official Air Corps wings form the background 
for this insignia. This is the second insignia 
adopted by the 612th. The first contained a 
replica of "Mangier", sguadron mascot. 

"Lucky Devil's" head design originated with 
Mrs. J. J. Casagrande, wife of the squadron's 
first navigator, later a Prisoner of War in 

All insignia officially approved. 

Drawn by the famed cartoonist, Walt Disney, 
this "punching bomb" is symbolic of a squad- 
ron which was "always right in there, punch- 

These angry bombs come from the pen of 
Milt Caniff, author of "Terry and the Pirates" 
and "Male Call". Faces represent Roosevelt, 
Churchill, Stalin. 

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This book is made possible and a copy provided without charge to every 
member of the 401sf Bomb Group and Associated Units through the courtesy 
of Officers Mess, USAAF Station 128. 

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By Capt. Gordon R. Closway 

"February 20, 1944 will be marked as probably the most important date 
in the air war of Germany. You and your crews are responsible for the most 
crushing defeat yet administered to the German Air Force. I can assure you 
the results of this mission will be felt in future operations. 

"I further wish to commend you and your crews on the excellent air 
discipline demonstrated on this mission. This was evidenced by an assembly 
under difficult conditions and by orderly, well flown formations on return 
to England. My heartiest congratulations on a difficult mission well done. 
I am proud to be a part of this Command." 

This message to Colonel Harold W. Bowman, Commanding Officer of the 
401st Bombardment Group, from Major General Robert B. Williams, Com- 
manding General of the 1st Air Division of the famed Eighth Air Force, is 
indicative of the glorious combat record of the 401st! 

The target was the Erla Maschinenwerk aircraft production factories 
in Leipzig. Leader of the entire Eighth Air Force was the 401st Bomb Group. 
Leader of the 401st Bomb Group was Col. Bowman. Result: 100 per cent of 
our bombs within 1,000 feet of the aiming point! 

For this spectacular and all-important mission, the 401st was awarded the 
Distinguished Unit Citation by the President of the United States. A copy of 
this Battle Honor — Paragraph XI, War Department General Orders No. 83, 
dated 2 October 1945 in Washington, D. C. — is contained elsewhere in this 
narrative history. 

The citation was the second of its kind awarded to the 401st. The first, 
going to all units in the Air Division, was for extraordinary heroism, deter- 
mination and esprit de corps during the Oschersleben mission 11 January 
1944 when the greatest aerial battle of World War II took place. On this 
occasion more than 400 encounters with enemy aircraft were recorded by 
1st Division Groups with the brunt of the three-hour attack borne by the 401st. 

Two hundred and fifty-four missions — 254 trips over Germany and Oc- 
cupied Europe to hammer Nazi objectives ranging from the Western Front to 
Central Europe, war plants, marshalling yards, oil refineries, aircraft 
factories, military installations and troop positions — was the remarkable 
record established by the 401st Group in 18 months of combat operations. 

And when the final tabulation of bombing records was made at the 
close of the war, the 401st stood SECOND among the 40 heavy bomb groups 
in the entire Eighth Air Force — largest Air Force in the world! 

This distinguished position for accuracy in bombing which contributed 
so much to the destruction and eventual defeat of Germany was made pos- 
sible through combined efforts of air and ground echelons, supremely out- 
standing leadership, the determination for perfection in the job to be done, 
and the unselfish zeal of every member of the organization and all affiliated 
units of USAAF Station 128 for teamwork. 

The long, hard hours put in by the gallant ground and air men of this 
outstanding group paid off — and the accomplishments of the 401st will be 

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the cherished memory of every man in the "best damned outfit in the A.A.F." 
Another record of which the 40 1st is extremely proud is the fact that our 
losses were the lowest of any heavy bomb group in the Eighth Air Force! 

Most of the 18 months during which the 401st was engaged in combat 
operations saw our Group in full stride. We hit the enemy with more than 
10,400 tons of bombs — the equivalent of 4,160 2 Vi -ton truck loads — trucks 
bumper to bumper in a 17-mile long convoy. Our fliers chalked up 56,300 
operational hours and our Flying Forts consumed 14,406,731 gallons of 100 
Octane gasoline to release their tons of destruction. A total of 103,850 bombs 
of all types were dropped. If laid end to end, they would stretch more than 
100 miles! 

During June 1944 — D-Day Month — "Bowman's Bombers" achieved the 
objective of all training when we led the entire Eighth Air Force in bombing 
accuracy. By placing 74 per cent of our bombs within 1,000 feet of the aiming 
point, the 401st established a record, based on the number of visual bomb- 
ings involved, never before or since equaled. 

We plastered Berlin itself and the Berlin area 17 times, made more than 
20 trips to the French rocket coast and hit most of the principal cities of the 
German Reich and Occupied Europe. 

Our first task was to make sure that when the combined Allied ground 
forces invaded "Fortress Europe", we would have air supremacy. So our 
bombers went out to hit Oschersleben, Augsburg, Leipzig, Brunswick, and a 
hundred other places. Aircraft factories, oil plants and oil dumps, trans- 
portation and communication facilities — all were targets which showed the 
effects of our pre-invasion hammering when D-Day finally came. 

Our second great task was during the invasion phase. We helped cover 
the Normandy beaches, dropping our bombs five minutes before the first 
waves of assault troops landed, we flew a second mission to Caen the 
afternoon of D-Day, we participated in the Dutch airborne landings with pro- 
tective bombing, and we bombed with uncanny accuracy during the St. Lo 
breakthrough. We sealed off the bridgehead from enemy reserves by cutting 
the Seine and Loire bridges, and we hammered scores of Nazi strongpoints. 

Precision bombing and the 401st blazed the way for the ground forces 
through enemy strongholds. 

One of our outstanding missions was to famed Le Bourget airdrome 
outside Paris in June 1944. The 401st put up 60 aircraft on that day, and hits 
on each of five aiming points were officially recorded as "excellent". Col. 
Bowman also led our Group which led the 1st Division on that day, and the 
1st Division in turn led all three Divisions. Dispatched were more than 1,500 
Fortresses and Liberators, the largest number of heavy bombers ever sent 
on a mission up to that time. 

When the war ended 8 May 1944, these were the Battle Honors of the 
401st Bomb Group: 

Distinguished Unit Citation (Presidential Award) with one Oak 

Leaf Cluster for the Oschersleben and Leipzig missions. European- 

African-Middle Eastern Theater ribbon with battle participation stars 

for the following campaigns: 

Air Offensive, Europe 4 July 1942 to 5 June 1944 

Normandy 6 June 1944 to 24 July 1944 

Northern France 25 July 1944 to 14 September 1944 

Rhineland 15 September 1944 to 21 March 1945 

Ardennes 16 December 1944 to 25 January 1945 

Central Europe 22 March 1945 to 11 May 1945 

Recognition for achievements both in the air and on the ground went 
\ - to many. A grand total of 11,884 awards and decorations were presented 
\ to men of the 401st! These included one Distinguished Service Cross, 12 

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Silver Stars, 13 Soldier's Medals, 75 Bronze Stars, 1,139 Distinguished Flying 
Crosses, 173 Purple Hearts, and 10,471 Air Medals. 

General Order No. 46, Headquarters Second Air Force, then located at 
Fort George Wright in Spokane, Washington, dated 1 April 1943 activated 
the 401st Bomb Group. 

By 22 April, the 401st had become a fighting entity ready to start on 
the long grind that eventually leads to the battlefront, and ready to become 
more familiar with our pride and joy — the B-17. 

Most of the officers and enlisted men who formed the cadre came from 
the 395th Bombardment Group then stationed at the Ephrata, Washington 
Army Air Base and from the 383rd Bomb Group, a parent training unit at the 
Rapid City, South Dakota Army Air Base. 

Appointed Commanding Officer of the group was Col. Neil B. Harding 
of West Palm Beach, Florida. He held this position for a month when he was 
summoned to a combat zone and was succeeded by Col. Bowman of Arling- 
ton, Virginia. 

Col. Bowman took the Group through training and through 175 missions 
and on 5 December 1944 was called to Headquarters IT. S. Strategic Air 
Forces in Paris to become Deputy Chief of Staff to General Carl Spaatz. Col. 
Bowman was succeeded by Col. William T. Seawell, one of the Group's 
original Squadron Commanders, who remained at the helm until the Group 
was deactivated. Col. Bowman left USSTAF in May 1945 and at the time this 
history was written was Chief, Office of Information Services, Headquarters 
U. S. Army Air Forces in Washington. At the close of the War with Japan, 
Col. Seawell also was summoned to Washington and was assigned to the 
office of General H. H. Arnold, Commanding General U. S. Army Air Forces. 

Major Robert C. Killam was first Deputy Group Commander of the 401st, 
and Lt. Col. Clayton A. Scott was appointed ground executive. Major Frank 
W. Frost was the Group's first operations officer and Lt. Col. (then Capt.) 
C. A. Brown, the Adjutant. 

Original Squadron Commanders, all men of experience, were Lt. Col. 
(then Capt.) Malcolm K. Martin, 612th; Lt. Col. (then Capt.) Edwin W. 
Brown, 613th; Lt. Col. (then Capt.) I. W. Eveland, 614th; Col. (then Capt.) 
Seawell, 615th. 

The air echelon was ordered to attend the AAF School of Applied Tactics 
at Orlando, Florida, 29 April 1943, with field work at the nearby satellite field 
at Brooksville, and 150 men and two officers remained at Ephrata where 
temporary Group headquarters were established. The 401st Cadre was th* 
fourth class to go through AAFSAT at Orlando. 

First practice mission of the group — with the staggering total of four air- 
planes — was to New Orleans where the docks area was the target. Three 
other missions were run during this phase of our training — to Dry Tortugas 
Island just off Key West, to Mobile, Alabama, and to Charleston, South 

On 27 May the Group was ordered to Geiger Field in beautiful Spokane, 
Washington, where we were welded into a stronger unit and where we re- 
ceived our "lead" crews. There were the usual physical exams, "shots", 
lectures, classes, close order drill, and P. T., and 29 June we staged our first 

Group parade for which we were complimented by the Geiger Field C.O. on 
our "high state of training." 

Early in July Major Frost was succeeded as operations officer by Lt. Col. 
(then Major) AJlison C. Brooks, who held that position through most of our 
combat tour, and Col. (then Lt. Col.) Harris E. Rogner became Deputy Group 
Commander. Col. Rogner eventually became Commanding Officer of the 
457th Bomb Group at Glatton, our neighbor in combat and one of three Groups 
with the 401st and the 351st to form the 94th Combat Wing. 

On 1 July we were moved to the Army Air Base at Great Falls, Mon- 

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tana, where we were assigned additional airplanes, and training continued 
for another month. More personnel arrived, the first combat crews reported 
for duty, and then internal organization was further strengthened. 

As the month drew to a close, a review was held featured by the low 
flying of a formation of B-17s over the assembled troops just as the colors 
were being brought forward. Early in August three of the squadrons de- 
parted for satellite fields to complete their rigorous training schedule. The 
612th and Headquarters remained at Great Falls, the 613th went to Cutbank, 
the 6614th to Glasgow, and the 615th to Lewistown, all in Montana. 

September saw our first accidents, and several crashes gave us an 
indication of the price we were to pay for our part in this global war. Our 
first Group mission was flown 15 September when the four squadrons en- 
gaged in a joint simulation of the real thing. September also witnessed an 
all-out effort to qualify a majority of the personnel in markmanship with the 
pistol, rifle, carbine, and sub-machine gun, and records showed that 75 per 
cent of the total personnel qualified in the use of a basic weapon. 

The early part of October was devoted to inspections and then more 
inspections and to acquiring the personal equipment and impedimenta re- 
quired for a combat theater. Then, early on the morning of 18 October, the 
air echelon departed for Scott Field where crews were given their overseas 
physicals, and last minute inspections of equipment and planes were 
made. Flying tc Goose Bay, Labrador for a day, the crews then pushed on to 
Meeks Field, Iceland and eventually hit the ETO by way of Prestwick, Scot- 

The ground echelon left Great Falls and the satellite bases on the morn- 
ing of 19 October, all satisfied that training had been superbly accomplished. 
Camp Shanks, outside of Orangeburg, New York, was the staging area, and 
after a hectic five-day period, the men were moved in the dead of night to 
New York City where they boarded the Queen Mary — the world's second 
largest ship — for their crossing of the sub-infested North Atlantic. 

The Queen's peacetime skipper. Captain Ilingworth, was on the bridge, 
but the dramatic moment of the crossing was provided by Captain Frazier, 
staff captain, soon after departure when he made the following address over 
the ship's loudspeaker system: 

"I call upon all you officers and men to obey my orders to the very 
letter. I have but one task. It is the job of bringing the ship safely to port. 
And that job, God willing, I will do. It is not important that you, numbering 
some 15 thousand, arrive safely in the Firth of Clyde. But it is important that 
the ship be brought safely to anchor there. Remember that. You and I are not 
indispensable to the successful prosecution of this war. But the ship is. You 
will keep in mind, therefore, that all your thoughts during the crossing will 
be directed toward her security. 

"Enemy forces will be at work. The Hun will try every device in his 
power to bring the 'Queen' to harm. Submarines will trail us and German 
aircraft will harass us. They have done it before and we have every reason 
to believe they will do it again. But the 'Queen' will take care of herself. 

"From now until the moment you debark, think in terms of the Ship. 
Treat her gently and do not abuse her. She stands ready to do for you what 
she has done for thousands who have gone before. Keep her confidence 
and do not betray her by carelessness or misdeed. Do these things and the 
ship will bring us to the mouth of the Clyde on Tuesday next — so help us 

True to Captain Frazier's promise, the Queen Mary sailed into the Clyde 
on the evening of the 2 November. British planes hovered overhead all during 
the day, and when we arrived in the Firth, we were met by subs, destroyers, 
and cruisers, all flying the Union Jack. 

The 401st disembarked on the morning of 3 November at Greenock, 

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Scotland. The time was 0830 hours. We entrained immediately for England, 
where we arrived at Geddington Station near Kettering that night at 2100. 
The blackout prevented any knowledge of what our new locale was like. Air 
crews had previously flown to Polebrook, home of the 351st. The next day 
we had our first glimpse of the surroundings. 

Our new station, No. 128, APO 557, c/o Postmaster, New York, was 
situated between the villages of Deenethorpe and Benefield in Northampton- 
shire, about 80 miles northwest of London and about 50 southwest of the Wash. 

Half of our crews were assigned permanently to the 351st, and the re- 
mainder joined the ground echelon at Deenethorpe a few days later. 

Our first acquaintance with the land of Wellington, Shakespeare, and 
.Churchill came via the mysteries of the Nissen Hut, the ETO version of a 

A 'Nissen hut resembles nothing so much as a corrugated steel tunnel 
with fissures in the floor, cracks in the ceiling, and well-ventilated walls. It 
is the English counter-part of a North Dakota lean-to and was guaranteed 
to resist any of Man's efforts to employ it as a refuge from the icy blasts of 
winter. It was twice cursed, it heateth Man in summer and it chilleth him in 

Each Nissen hut was equipped with a number of small stoves, the 
number varying with the inmates' ability to filch same from Supply, and it 
was soon observed through experience that the person best fitted to start 
and maintain a fire in one of those gadgets must combine the patience of a 
Reconnaissance craftsman with the engineering skill of an M.I.T. graduate. 

The next feature to strike us in our new home was the ETO bicycle, a 
thing of steel and wire designed for destruction and styled for discomfort. In- 
stead of a brake operated by a slight pressure on the pedal, these brakes 
were operated by hand and operated in such fashion as to make a vault 
over the handlebars a simple thing, even for a second lieutenant. 

They soon had everyone limping and were promptly dubbed "Hitler's 
Secret Weapon." 

But war had become a reality. Training and make-believe was over. The 
blackouts that really blacked out, the searchlights that nightly pierced the 
sky, the air raid warning or "purple alert" that told of Jerry's approach, the 
sound of distant AA guns, the trip to London which revealed the devastation 
that was the Blitz, the serious set of people's faces as they queued up for 
food, the constant parade of men and women in uniform, the contact with 
people who had lived through the dark days of Blood, Sweat, and Tears — all 
these brought home to us the truth that now at last we were really in the Big 

There was a tremendous amount of work to be done — but it was done 
by the same united effort which always characterized the 401st, and early in 
the morning of Friday, 26 November 1943, Triangle S with the Yellow Slash 
sailed out over the Channel in battle array for the first time. 

The target was Bremen, and Col. Bowman was in the lead plane. It 
was the largest mission from the standpoint of numbers the Eighth Air Force 
had sent to Germany thus far. 

In temperature that reached 47 below zero at 25,000 feet, the Armada of 
Flying Forts made its way to the German shipbuilding center and unloaded 
tons of explosives and incendiaries on the city. 

Only casualty was to the bomber piloted by Major (then 1st Lt.) Scrib- 
ner C. Dailey. A mass collision in mid-air seemed imminent when a B-17 
below Dailey went out of control and plunged crazily up at his ship. Dailey 

expertly manipulated his controls, but his ball turret with the gunner inside 
was sheared off cleanly. Dailey brought his crew back to England — but it 
was the first of many similar experiences which meant one thing — combat 
in the ETO. 

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On our second mission — to Solingen — led by Col. Rogner, we received 
"confirmed" credit for the first time for bringing down an enemy plane. The 
victim, a member of the crack Hermann Goering Squadron with its char- 
acteristic yellow nose, was bagged by Sgt. Percy W. Stengel, ball turret 
gunner from Milwaukee. 

It was on the morning of 5 December 1943 that the 401st was responsible 
for virtually wiping the quaint old village of Deenethorpe off the face of 
the English countryside. On that date the target was Paris with Col. Brooks 
as leader. 

A fortress piloted by Lt. Walter B. Keith, Jr. of Hodgenville, Kentucky, had 
just cleared the runway when something went amiss with the engines. The 
plane dipped and touched the earth, then half-skimmed, half-flew over the 
ground. Out of control, it crashed into an old stone bam on the outskirts of 
Deenethorpe and burst into flames. 

Eight members of the crew managed to extricate themselves, arid men 
from the base who had dashed to the scene of the crash removed the injured 
navigator and bombardier from the nose. Others meanwhile dashed from 
house to house in the village and warned residents to run for their lives 
before the bomb load exploded. 

Twenty minutes after the crash, the 6,000 pounds of bombs went up. The 
explosion shook the earth for miles around. Most of the homes and barns 
in the village were flattened and every other structure damaged. Thanks 
to the heroic work of the men who had warned the villagers, no one was 
injured — but Deenethorpe was in ruins. 

The Union Jack officially came down from the flagpole in front of Base 
Headquarters on 20 December 1944, and the Stars and Stripes took its place — 
for on that date we took the Base over from the R.A.F. and Air Ministry. That 
morning also another fleet of Flying Fortresses left the perimeter of our field 
for another crack at Bremen. 

Units stationed on the Base at that time, in addition to 401st Group with 
its four Squadrons, were the 450th Sub Depot, 78th Station Complement, 
379th Service Squadron, 861st Chemical Company, 1597th Ordnance Supply 
and Maintenance Company, 1199th Military Police Company, 1209th Quarter- 
master Service Group, 2966th Finance Detachment, 860th Chemical Company, 
and 18th Weather Detachment. 

First of our airplanes to be put on automatic pilot and headed toward 
Germany when it couldn't be landed because controls had been shot away 
was that piloted by Lt. Stuart E. Smith of Colorado Springs. The crew bailed 
out over home base without injury just as dusk was falling. "Channel Ex- 
press" didn't make Germany, however, but crashed near Polebrook. 

The day before Christmas 1943, Enlisted Men of the Base entertained 
650 English children at a Christmas Party in our mess halls, and if you ever 
saw kids eat — this was it. The children came from Kettering, Corby, Deene, 
Deenethorpe, Peterborough, Benefield, Stanion, Glapthome, and Oundle. 

The 401st performed nine missions before it lost a crew and for this 
unusual record received a commendaion from Major General F. L. Ander- 
son, Commanding VIII Bomber Command. The first crew to go down, on 
Mission 9 flown 30 December to Ludwigshaven, was that of Lt. Trian Neag, 
although Enlisted Men on Lt. Charles F. Hess' crew bailed out when the 
\ badly damaged by flak on our second mission, to Solingen, and 
ten members of Capt. (then Lt.) Richard H. Kaufman's crew bailed 
enemy territory for the same reason on our fourth mission when the 
as Emden. After completing two tours, Capt. Hess became a fighter 
[ subsequently was killed in a take-off crash. 

last day of 1943 was a costly one for the 401st. Weather precluded 
the submarine pens at Bordeaux, so Col. Seawell, the leader, took 
on to the secondary target. Cognac Airdrome. Bombing was ex- 

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cellent, and the Group was commended by Brig. Gen. J. K. Lacey, Com- 
manding 94th Combat Wing, but two crews were lost. The crew piloted by Lt. 
Homer E. McDanal, Denver, Colorado, and with Lt. Col. (then Major) I. W. 
Eveland on board, was shot down by fighters, and Lt. Donald H. Lawry's 
plane crashed in the water off St. Catherine's Point on the south coast of 
England. Six members of McDanal's crew, including Col. Eveland, subse- 
quently escaped from France by walking over the Pyrenees into Spain, but 
four were killed. All of Lt. Lawry's crew were lost. Weather was so difficult 
on the return that all of the planes which eventually reached England were 
forced to land at emergency bases on the coast. Two other crews were 
forced to bail out because of battle damage. These Forts were piloted by Lt. 
Col. (then Capt.) Jere Maupin and Major (then Lt.) Scribner Dailey. 

With ten missions behind them, the 401st greeted the New Year of 1944 
confident of the outcome of the air war over Europe. The Eighth Air Force 
had now reached the point foreseen by Generals H. H. "Hap" Arnold and 
Ira C. Eaker back in the dreary days of 1942, and the dream of "one thousand 
of our planes by day and one thousand RAF planes by night" bombing 
Axis-held Europe had now become a reality. 

Lt. Col. (then Capt.) Carl C. "Hub" Hinkle was made commanding 
officer of the 614th Squadron to succeed the missing Major Eveland, and 
Lt. Col. (then Capt.) William C. "Judy" Garland became the squadron's 
operations officer. On 4 January on a mission to Kiel, Col. Garland's Fortress 
with Lt. Col. (then Major) Malcolm K. Martin on board, was forced to ditch 
in the North Sea — a day which the British Admiralty later pronounced as 
the coldest and roughest of the year. Two crew members were lost, but the 
others were rescued by a mine sweeper after a most harrowing experience. 

Early January saw the Group again commended by Gen. Lacey, this 
time on the accuracy of its bombing and our efficiency in adapting ourselves 
to the Eighth A.F.'s program without exhibiting the beginner's usual mistakes. 

When the crews filed out of the briefing room early in the morning of 
1 1 January, they were going forth to what has since been termed "the greatest 
air battle of World War II". The target was Oschersleben, and Col. Brooks 
was combat wing leader. In the course of the mission, the 401st and the 
entire 1st Division encountered every type of difficulty — there were new, huge 
rockets, there were swarms of enemy fighters that attacked for 3 Vi hours, 
flak was the heaviest yet encountered, and we had no fighter support. 

The single exception to the latter statement was a P-51 piloted by Col. 
(then Major) James Howard of St. Louis, and in one of the greatest per- 
formances of the war he, singlehanded, took on a formation of 30 Nazi 
fighter planes and destroyed four before he dashed back to his home base. 
Chiefly on the statements of 401st men on the mission. Col. Howard subse- 
quently was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. 

It was on this mission that Sgt. Jimmy Hamilton of Georgetown, Kentucky, 
emerged as No. 1 Group hero when, although wounded by a 20 mm. shell 
which creased his skull and pierced his ear, he stuck to his guns and drove 
off repeated enemy attacks at the rear of the plane. He was officially 
credited with three enemy aircraft destroyed, but his crewmates insist that 
he downed eight, and possibly ten. 

Major (then Lt.) Donald V. Kirkhuff's crew downed nine enemy fighters, 
and all in all the 401st received credit for 26 enemy aircraft destroyed, 15 
probably destroyed, and 29 damaged. 

It was on this mission also that the entire 1st Air Division received the 
Presidential Citation but not without heavy losses. We lost four crews, those 
piloted by Major (then Lt.) James H. Foster and containing the staff of the 
614th Squadron: Lt. Harold J. Chapman, Lt. Donald C. Sprecher, and Lt. 
Steven G. Nason. The crew of Lt. George F. Bingham bailed out over home 
base, and Lt. Bingham landed his bomber on automatic pilot. 

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January 11, 1944 will always be remembered by the 401st. 

Mission 17 to Frankfurt was another costly one. Leader was Lt. Col. (then 
Major) Edwin Brown, and the Group fought fighters and flak for what 
seemed like endless hours. Crews of Major (then Capt.) Robert W. Beers, 
Lt. John Tannahill, Lt. Leon C. Van Syckle. and Lt. Donald T. Nicklawski were 
reported M.I.A., and on a mission to Brunswick 30 January, the crew of Lt. 
Ronald R. Rohner went down. 

Other changes during the month saw the 860th Chemical Company de- 
part from the station. Col. Martin transferred to the 94th Wing and Col. Jere 
W. Maupin appointed 612th C.O., Major (then Capt.) Donald G. McGree 
became 612th Operations Officers, and the 2966th Finance Detachment was 
redesignated the 202nd Finance Disbursing Office. 

February, that all-important month in the strategic air warfare when 
objective was the destruction of the German Air Force, saw the 401st again 
in full stride. We chalked up ten missions, and it was the Leipzig mission on 
20 February for which we received exclusively as a Group, our second 
Presidential Citation. 

Day and night the skies over England resounded with the heavy roar 
of planes on their way to deal out death, doom, and destruction — and the 
result on "D-Day” when the enemy's air power was impotent, tells the story 
of our accomplishments. The week of 20 February when the 401st opened the 
show by dealing such a staggering blow to the aircraft production at Leip- 
zig has been termed by many authorities as the most important week in 
the air war against the Nazis. 

Crews lost during the month were those piloted by Lt. Frank J. Zitkovic, 
Lt. Edward T. Gardner, Lt. Roy M. Shanks, and Lt. Vernon A. Ameson. 

During February Col. Rogner left the Group to become C.O. of the 
457th at Glatton and was succeeded as air executive by Lt. Col. Burton K. 
Voorhees; the NAAFI closed, and the new Aero Club was opened under the 
direction of Red Cross Field Director, Henry Day; the Group was notified it 
was entitled to battle credit for participation in "Air Offensive, Europe"; Capt. 
(then Lt.) Durward "Fes" Fesmire completed his 100th mission including the 
92 to his credit in the Pacific, and commendations came Gen. Williams and 
Lieut. Gen. James H. Doolittle who had taken over command of the Eighth 
Air Force from Gen. Eaker on the month's bombing results. 

The return trip to England of "Battling Betty" piloted by Major (then 
Lt.) Alvah E. Chapman and with Col. Silver on board is another saga in 
the long list of the Group's outstanding and almost unbelievable performances 
by pilots and crews under extremely difficult conditions of battle damage and 
weather. In this instance. Major Chapman hedge-hopped from deep in 
enemy territory back to England, and members of his crew later described 
the trip "like touring Festung Europe in a sightseeing bus." 

Our first visit to the capital of the Reich — Berlin — took place early in 
March with Col. Edwin Brown, the leader. "Big B" turned out to be just as 
rough as everyone had anticipated. We flew 18 missions during March and 
lost six crews — those of Lt. William C. Sheahan, Lt. Claude M. Kolb, Lt. 
Dale A. Peterson, Lt. George J. Hellmuth, Lt. John A. Dimaway, and Capt. 
William M. Rumsey. Another ship piloted by Capt. (then Lt.) Donald A. 
Currie made a spectacular "belly landing" without injury to anyone on 

March also saw the 401st hitting hard at the rocket bomb sites on the 
coast of France. While these missions were short trips, they were far from 
easy for each of the buzz bomb "ski sites", as they were called, was heavily 
guarded by anti-aircraft guns. 

During March, Major Edwin Burge was succeeded as commanding 
officer of the 450th Subdepot by Lt. Col. (then Major) R. B. Engel; the Post 
Exchange moved from Communal Site 2 to Communal Site 1 in the NAAFI 

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building, and Col. Eveland returned to the base after his hazardous trip out 
of France to Spain — and freedom. 

The first anniversary of our Group was celebrated 1 April at a banquet 
and stag party at which Generals Williams and Lacey were guests. A 
musical revue, "You Cawn't Miss It", staged and produced by the 401st 
made several appearances throughout the area. 

Bad weather prevented any flights to enemy territory until 9 April when 
we ran our longest mission — to Marienburg in East Prussia. Bombing results 
were excellent, but we lost two crews — those of Lt. William R. Dawes, Ir. and 
Lt. G. Byrd. The latter, however, made it safely to Sweden and eventually 
returned to home Base. Another of our original crews went down on the 
next mission, to an airdrome on the edge of Brussels. Lt. Gaston M. Fox was 
the pilot. 

On a mission to Stettin, the plane in which Col. Hinkle was flying was 
hit heavily by flak over Hannover but managed to make its way back, thus 
enabling T/Sgt. Harold Cook of Major Kirkhuff's crew to become the first 
of the original 401st to complete 30 missions. "Duffy's" Tavern", one of our 
famous ships, had a rough voyage, but "Duffy" Locher, who was "Archie" 
to the rest of the crew, brought them back to England by skirting towns and 
avoiding flak belts. When the ship touched the runway. No. 3 prop fell to the 
concrete. Duffy, incidentally, completed two tours and was embarked on his 
third when the war ended. 

But it was a costly mission and other crews which failed to retUrn were 
those of Lt. Frank O. Kuhl, Lt. Samuel P. Wilson, Lt. Robert O. Stine, and Lt. 
Francis L. Shaw. 

April was a difficult month. The next mission to the ball bearing works 
at Schweinfurt saw swarms of FW-190s attack us and heavy flak all the 
way. Lt. Steve Lozinski brought his Fort the last 195 miles on an engine 
and a half and made a crash landing on an RAF field. Nearly everyone on 
the mission had some trouble, and crews failing to return were those of Lt. 
Alfred B. Vokaty and Lt % Boudinot Stimson. 

April 20 saw more than 2,000 aircraft pounding targets throughout France 
in the "softening up" process. Our target was the Bois Coquerel airdrome, 
and two crews were listed M.I.A. Pilots were Lt. Frank F. Daugherty, Jr. and 
Lt. Charles S. Ksieniswicz. 

On the 29th, Col. Rogner led the Wing to Berlin. It was our 60th mission, 
and it was the biggest day blow ever struck at the Reich capitol. Capt. Jim 
Reigler led the PFF ships. More than 2,000 tons of bombs were dropped — 
but the Eighth Air Force lost 63 bombers — three of them from the 401st. Pilots 
were Lt. Eionald E. Butter foss, Capt. (now Major) George Gould, and Lt. J. H. 

Other April events saw Col. Scott leave the base and his position filled 
by Col. C. A. Brown, our first Silver Stars presented by Gen. Lacey and the 
formal opening of the Sergeants Club at Communal Site No. 1. 

May history of the 401st was marred by the heaviest loss, the operation 
to Dessau on the 28th, of any day since we had been operational as the 
gigantic pre-invasion blasting of Hitler's Europe continued at terrific pace. 

Col. Bowman was awarded the Silver Star and DFC, and Gen. Williams 
sent a special letter of commendation for our bombing of the marshalling 
yards at Luxembourg 9 May when we led the 94th Wing. 

In the Dessau operation the 401st furnished the low box of the 94th 
Wing. Dense smoke was observed over the target, the Junkers-88 aircraft 
manufacturing plant and airfield. Almost immediately after the IP, (initial 
point) a swarm of 200 enemy aircraft concentrated their attack on our group 
with the result that six crews were lost and a seventh ditched in the English 
Channel on the way home. It was the heaviest loss of our entire combat 
tour, and it was a bleak night around Station 128 on 28 May 1944. 

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On the Dessau operation a lone P-51 fighter pilot — later identified as 
2nd Lt. Dale Spencer of Clymer, New York — probably saved the day for many 
401st ships. Four ME 410s were seen to fly parallel with our formation and 
then queue up for an attack. Just as they were getting set to come in. Lt. 
Spencer slid in from low behind and, within the space of not more than a 
minute, got all four! He was later the honored guest at a special party 
given for him at our Officers' Club. 

Crews lost on the Dessau operation were those of Lt. George E. West, Lt. 
William F. Protz, Lt. Paul F. Scharff, Lt. Walter B. Keith, Lt. Frederick H. 
Windham, and Lt. Vincent J. Kaminski. The crew to ditch with all members 
saved was that of Capt. G. F. Carter. 

Several trips were made to Berlin in May, and crews lost over "Big B" 
were those of Lt. Browning O. Grimmett and Lt. Dana M. Lenkeit. Major 
Clyde A. Lewis, in a remarkable performance, brought "Maggie" home from 
one of the Berlin missions after it was badly smashed by flak. 

Another crew which was forced to Sweden where members were in- 
terned was that piloted by Lt. Sullivan N. Tonti. This was during a mission 
to Stettin 13 May. Flak claimed Lt. Marien O. Hagan's crew riding in "My 
Day" on a mission to Kiel 19 May — Mission No. 70 for the 401st. After bomb- 
ing Berlin, Lt. John S. Whiteman's crew made a crash landing in Denmark, 
where members "procured" some boats, rowed to Sweden and eventually 
got back safely to England. 

Next to last mission of the month, to Oschersleben again, saw excellent 
bombing results but two losses — crews of Lt. Carleton L. Wilson and Lt. 
Alpheus L. Kilmer. 

During May our bombing was fourth from the top among the 41 heavy 
bomber Groups of the Eighth A. F. May saw a change in the mess halls, 
with No. 1 moved to Communal Site 2 and a Combat Me«s — "Herbie's Hash 
House" — opened in the former No. 1 hall on Communal Site 1. 

June — D-Day Month — 21 missions by the 401st — No. 1 in bombing ac- 
curacy among the Enghth Air Force — yes, June 1944 was a whirlwind month 
for our Group. 

An announcement over the Tannoy gave the first tip-off to the base that 
"D-Day" might at long last be here. A tingle of excitement ran through the 
base as each man heard this announcement: "All military personnel on the 
field — Attention — All military personnel on the field. You will immediately 
carry gas mask and helmet. You will carry a weapon with you at all times. 
That is all." 

This set the rumors flying. Cliches like "This is it!" "This is the Big Show", 
etc. filled the night. Cynics, slightly fed up with the months-on-end false 
alarms, the reams of copy in London papers about a D-Day that never seemed 
to come off, and the dry runs that had been made repeatedly in the past 
few weeks, scoffed at the wild talk. "Another one of them Pas de Calais 
jobs," said one gunner — and many agreed. 

There were more fliers in the briefing room that night than had ever 
been there before. The fight for seats was a merry one. Not all of the men 
were able to find a place on the benches — and they chocked the aisles. Some 
of them sat on the hard concrete floors, and the rest lazed against the walls. 

A sound of disappointment and delight was the mixed reaction from the 
audience when the canvas curtain was raised and there in full view of 
everyone was the map, the routes to and from the target marked off with 
colored tape. 

Some were sure it was another Pas de Calais job. Some were equally 
sure it was the Invasion. Col. Bowman walked slowly to the platform. 

"Gentlemen," he said, "remember the date — June Sixth 1944. Remember 
it because your grandchildren probably will ask about it. This is D-Day." 

Instantly the quiet of the room was shattered with the sound of men 

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awakening to a realization that the Day of Days was at hand. They yelled 
like wild men, they laughed, they roared. They sprang to their feet as of 
one huge body, and they pummelled one another as they yelled and 
whooped it up. 

Before the briefing was over, glider planes could be heard overhead 
as the C-47s towed them to their long awaited rendezvous. As far as the 
eye could see they stretched in clusters across the skies with myriads of 
colored lights to prevent collisions in the crowded sky. 

Soon the Forts began to warm up, flares were fired from the Control 
Tower. The Big Bombers took off, one by one, down the runway — off to 
soften the beaches and off to successfully drop their eggs almost as the first 
assault waves of the Glorious Ground Forces made their epochal landings on 
the shores of Normandy. 

From that moment on, activities throughout the remainder of June were 
stepped up to a high pitch. Flying and ground crews alike worked long hours , 

without sleep. No one kicked — everyone was happy that the invasion was 
on — and happy in the thought that we were doing all we could to help our 
Ground Forces in the greatest military move in all history. 

The climax of the month was reached 14 June when the 401st put up 
60 aircraft to bomb Le Bourget airdrome at Paris and when Col. Bowman 
led 1,528 Forts over the Continent. Results of our bombing on our five 
MPIs are well known and the superb results achieved by our lead bom- 
bardiers — Major Julius Pickoff, our Group Bombardier, Capt. Henry R. Briar- 
ton, Capt. Harry W. Meadville, Capt. William W. Dolan, and Lt. Ralph W. 

Wolfe — will long be remembered. Each got a "shack" and 90 per cent of our 
bombs were within the 2,000 foot circle. 

On 15 June Col. Seawell became Air Executive to succeed Qol. Vorhees 
who went to the 94th Wing, and Lt. Col. (then Major) Ralph White be- 
came C.O. of the 615th Squadron to succeed Col. Seawell. 

During the month the Base honored that gallant fighter pilot, Lt. Dale 
Spencer, and we had as another guest Lt. Gen. Laurence Kuter from Head- 
quarters, U. S. Army Air Forces. 

Tragedy visited the Group 12 June. A defective fragmentation bomb, 
being unloaded by the Armament section of the 614th Squadron, dropped to 
the concrete hardstand and exploded. Seven men were killed and 11 others 
badly injured. 

The 100th Mission of the Group was completed 25 June with an under- 
ground storage dump at Montbartier, France — near the Spanish border — 
being the target. It was hit — dead on — and on the evening of the 26th we 
celebrated the 100th mission with a big Hangar party. More than $1,000 
worth of beer was consumed, there were genuine American hot dogs, and 
the Group was complimented by Gen. Williams for having the distinction 
of being the first in the ETO to complete 100 missions in seven months of 

During the month one of our planes, "Boche Buster", completed 50 
missions without an abort, and the Ground Crew was honored. 

Crews lost during the month were those of Lt. Russell H. Schroeder, Lt. 
William E. Massey, Lt. Garret A. Filmeyer, Capt. William W. Trimble, Lt. 
Atherton, and Lt. John W. Myretetus. 

By dropping 73 per cent of our bombs within 1,000 feet and 96 per 
cent within 2,000 feet of the assigned MPI or aiming point, our Group in 
June established a new record for bombing accuracy and efficiency and 
set a standard never before equaled in the Eighth Air Force. 

Compact patterns, indicative of tight formation flying, and superior con- 
centrations of bomb hits is the reason we led the Eighth during this all-im- 
portant month. 

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we received official word of the awarding of the Presidential Citation to the 
1st Air Division and our Group for the Oschersleben mission of 11 January. 
In July the 401st flew 521 sorties and put 517 aircraft over the target. Seven 
crews were lost and one ditched in the channel, but all members except 
the co-pilot were saved. Crews lost were those of Lt. James C. Neill, Lt. Walter 
J. Otton, Lt. Willie E. Johnson, Lt. William J. McKeon, Lt. Jack L. Fredrick, 
Lt Kenneth R. Mugatroyd, and Lt. Jay D. Ossiander. Crew to ditch was that 
of Capt. Edward W. Coleman. 

In July it was learned that Major (then Capt.) Arnold C. Kuenning of 
the famed team of Kuenning and Capt. Rufus Causey, navigator, led the 
Eighth Air Force bombardiers during the preceding month. He was later as- 
signed as 94th Combat Wing bombardier when he completed his tour with 
the 401st. 

Col. (then Major) William C. Garland became 614th C.O. to succeed 
Col. Hinkle, our Group participated in the huge bombardment in direct sup- 
port of ground troops which paved the way for the St. Lo breakthrough, and 
the 401st softball team won the 1st Division championship under the coaching 
of Capt. G. E. Adams. 

August saw the Luftwaffe come up in force during one of the Group's 
operations, causing the loss of three crews. Seventeen missions were flown, 
many of them in support of the advancing Allied Forces in France. 

The fighter attack occurred on the mission to Weimar 24 August. In the 
vicinity of Ulzen-Salzwedel, between 30 and 50 190s and 109s attacked our 
formation. Three aircraft, two of which became stragglers, were shot down 
and a third left the formation when it was hit by 20 mm. projectiles. 

On a mission in support of British and Canadian troops in the Caen 
vicinity 8 August, the lead ship in which Col. Maupin, the Air Commander, 
was riding received a direct flak burst. The pilot, Capt. F. P. Ball, was struck 
by flak in the shoulder, and five of the crew members bailed out. Col. Maupin 
came down in the direct fire of an artillery barrage. He was flown back to 
England that same night and was at his Squadron area eight hours after 
bailing out. The ball turret gunner was wounded and couldn't get out of the 
turret. Because of a pre-arranged pact among themselves, four members of 
the crew crashed with the ship in what was one of the strongest bonds of 
friendship ever recorded in the ETO. 

During the month. Col. Brooks finally received a long-sought transfer to 
a Fighter Group and was succeeded as Group Operations Officer by Lt. Col. 
(then Major) Delwyn "Hiho" Silver. Ninety-six crew members completed 
tours during the month, and several evaders returned from France. 

On 5 August the Base came to the rescue of our neighbors, the ATS camp 
at Brigstock when it ran out of water. One hundred gallon decontamination 
tanks were used in a shuttle service to provide water for our good pals the 
ATS girls. 

Two of our aircraft collided over the target area on our first operation 
of the month — to an airfield at Chartres, France. Crews lost were those of 
Lt. Robert B. Sproul and Lt. J. Melofchik. Lt. John J. Sauerwald's crew was 
lost on a mission to Genshagen, Germany 6 August. Crews lost on the Weimar 
mission were those of Lt. P. W. Finney, Lt. M. M. Cain, and Lt. Melvin S. 

As the month came to a close Lt. Frank Carson, Jr.'s crew brought 
"Homesick Angel" back to the Base after a hard mission. The "Angel" was 
battered worse than any ship ever to return to home base, and how mem- 
bers of the crew survived is another of the miracles of the air war in the ETO. 

September saw the Group fly 14 missions including the 150th since our 
arrival in the Theater, and although all attacks were against Germany 
proper and some Groups suffered extensive losses from enemy aircraft, we 
had no attacks. 

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Marshalling yards to disrupt the enemy's flow of supplies to its front 
in the Ruhr Valley made up most of the month's targets, although the in- 
dustrial Ruhr itself as well as synthetic oil plants were other aiming points. 
The month saw the 401st in excellent bombing support of the Allied air- 
borne landings in Holland — and on another mission, to Frankfurt, we were 
the Eighth Air Force choice to carry "Braddock" bombs — tiny incendiary in- 
struments — to be used by foreign workers within the Reich in acts of sabotage 
and destruction. 

We had two outstanding USO camp show productions during September. 
There were two marvelous concerts by Yehudi Menuhin, world-famous 
violinist, accompanied by Marcel Gazelle, the Belgian pianist, in the finest 
entertainment ever presented on the Base, and later on a show headlined by 
Marlene Dietrich was given before 2,500 men in Hangar No. 1. 

Our first fatal crash on take-off in 151 missions occurred during the 
month when an aircraft loaded with fragmentation bombs crashed at the 
end of the runway on the main road to Weldon and exploded. 

On a maximum effort in support of the airborne landings in Holland, we 
put up 50 aircraft — this despite severe battle damage to many of our planes 
earlier in the month. The "ME" brought this tribute from Col. Bowman in a 
message to all Station Engineering personnel: "Recently we took a lot of 
battle damage as you know all too well. Close on the heels of this headache 
came an urgent appeal from the ground forces for some help in Holland. 
The Eighth Air Force called for our maximum effort. They got it. The 94th 
Combat Wing made available for the mission 145 planes from its three 
Groups, 50 of which were ours. The next highest Wing offering was 82. The 
equipment functioned excellently, and the eight formations our Group sent 
out obtained superior results. This record speaks for itself. Division and 
Wing are highly pleased. Congratulations to the engineering personnel for 
a swell job." 

Another of our better known planes, "Fearless Fosdick", met its end 
during September. Badly damaged by flak in the target area, an engine 
caught fire as "Fosdick" reached home base. The crew bailed out in the 
vicinity of Peterborough and 'Tearless" crashed near Leicester. 

The 401st Fliers, our crack softball team, won the American Red Cross 
invitational meet at Northampton. During the season the Fliers won 33 
games and lost two and were pretty generally regarded as ETO champions. 

Another "extra-curricular" activity was the Pet Show sponsored by the 
Aero Club. 

Major (then Capt.) Arnold Kuenning went to 94th Combat Wing as 
Wing Bombardier, and Capt. (then Lt.) Myron Pierce went to 1st Division 
navigation staff. 

Crews lost during the month were those of Lt. David Loughlin, Lt. 
William B. Woodward, Lt. Milton R. Wingard, Lt. Francis E. Cooke, Lt. Edward 
N. Daves, Flight Officer Otto F. Nagle, Jr., and Lt. Thomas A. Davis. 

One of the most severe losses of our operational tour occurred during 
October 1944 on a mission to Politz, Germany where the target was the huge 
synthetic oil plants. Five crews failed to return, and seven other crew mem- 
bers were injured. Crews which failed to come home because of the ex- 
tremely accurate flak were those of Lts. Robert W. James, Alexander Harasym, 
Thomas K. Hill, Harry P. Silverstein, and August J. Nelson, but it was later 
learned that two — those of Lts. Hill and James — landed without injuries in 

Sweden where members were interned. 

Weather was bad and only 12 missions were run during the month. 
When the Red Cross announced it could not use funds raised on the base for 
Prisoner of War packages, $1,867 was sent to the Air Forces Aid Society in 
Washington. The sum of $1,200 had previously gone to the P.W. Fund. 

Capt. (then Lt.) G. S. Schaunaman made a beautiful one wheel landing 

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with "Hangover Haven" and "Hell's Angel Out of Chute 13" completed 75 
missions without an abort. 

Our first year of operations was completed in November, and the record 
showed 172 missions — the 172nd being to Merseburg on 25 November. The 
month also saw the awarding of the Distinguished Service Cross to Lt. Carl 
L. Hoag, Jr. by Gen. Carl Spaatz, then C. G. of USSTAF, for his heroic work 
of navigating his damaged aircraft back to England although he was blinded 
in one eye by flak, and the vision in his other eye was impaired by the 
wound. This was on a mission to Bohlen when more of our aircraft were 
damaged, and crews had more difficulty than on any other mission to date. 

November saw Capt. D. W. Fesmire complete his 133rd mission, for 
a new ETO record. Capt. Howard F. Fishbeck was the first member of the 
Group to complete two tours — 40 missions. 

We received our first visit from our new Division C. G., Maj. Gen. (then 
Brig. Gen.) Howard M. Turner who was accompanied by Brig. Gen. Bartlett 
Beaman, his Chief of Staff. 

Thanksgiving Day was quietly observed with turkey dinners and a 
Union Thanksgiving Service in charge of Chaplain Ward Fellows in historic 
Cransley Church near Kettering. 

The Group's touch football team won the championship of the 1st Divi- 
sion and ended the season without being scored on. 

Crews lost during the month were those of Lt. Herbert L. Oas, Jr., Lt. Ray- 
mond H. Hillestad, Capt. Francis E. Rundell, Jr., and Lt. Robert J. Keck. 

Col. Bowman was called to Headquarters of the United States Strategic 
Air Forces in Europe as Deputy Chief of Staff to Gen. Spaatz and was suc- 
ceeded as Group Commander by Col. Seawell on 5 December. Col. Seawell, 
who had completed one tour, was in the United States on leave at the time, 
but was summoned back immediately. Lt. Col. Edwin W. Brown, 613th C.O., 
was named Air Executive and Deputy Group Commander, and Lt. Col. (then 
Major) E. T. de Jonckheere was named 613th C.O, 

On 21 and 22 December the Group was visited by a Congressional Dele- 
gation composed of the Hons. Norris Paulson, Los Angeles, and LaVern R. 
Dilweg, Green Bay, Wisconsin. 

Christmas 1944 again saw us entertain 500 children from nearby villages. 

The worst fogs since our arrival in the ETO enveloped the Base during 
December. On one occasion we were completely "blacked in" for a period of 
three days, and the following week a second intense fog hung in the area 
for seven days. On the return of the mission to Gerolstein 27 December, 
ground fog and haze were so bad it required two and a half hours to land the 
formation — but it was done without mishap under the expert direction of 
our Flying Control Officer, Major Charles Baldwin. * 

Because of the weather and the fact that our Base was closed in much, 
of the time, many of our crews were scattered all over England for Christ- 
mas, and 20 crews spent the holiday with WAAF's at an RAF coastal com- 
mand base at Predannack on Lizzards Point near Lands End. Others ^pent 
the day at Lcrvenham eating K rations for their Christmas dinner. Not until 26 
December — an absence of a week for 32 of our crews— did all of our -.air- 
planes get back home. * * 

Not a crew was lost during this month. v 

New Year's Eve — the eve of "Victory Year" was celebrated with dances 
at the Officers Club, Aero Club, and the Sergeants Club. 

The 200th mission of the 401st Bomb Group was flown 28 January to 
Cologne. Leaders were Lt. Col. (then Major) William C. Garland and Capts. 
Robert L. Stelzer and G. S. Schaunaman. 

It was an epoch-making event in the brilliant history of a brilliant Group, 
and it marked the completion of 200 missions in 14 months and two days 

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January 1945 saw another record slashed when the 401st completed 30 
consecutive missions without the loss of a crew. January also saw "Hell's 
Angel Out of Chute 13" complete 100 missions without a turnback. 

The party celebrating the 200th Mission was held 1 February in the 
form of a carnival-circus in Hangar No. 1. Among the guests were Lt. Gen. 
James H. Doolittle, C. G. of the Eighth Air Force, and Generals Turner and 
Lacey. In addition to some outstanding entertainment and a concert by the 
Flying Yanks Orchestra from Eighth A. F. Headquarters, the celebrators con- 
sumed some 1,000 gallons of beer and 5,000 American hot dogs. 

A huge tent — 200 feet long and 40 feet wide — was erected in the hangar 
for the program of speeches and music. 

"History will record the job done by the heavy bombers as being 
largely responsible for stopping the recent German breakthrough". General 
Doolittle said. 

"The Hun is on the ropes. He is groggy. Now is the time to knock him 
out You've done a splendid job so far. Now give him everything you've 
got, and get it over with." 

He complimented the Group on its bombing record and said, "Your 
outfit has established a remarkable record as an excellent team. It is a record 
which shows careful planning and splendid work on the part of both your 
air and ground crews." 

Seventeen missions were run during the month, and four crews were 
lost. They were those of Capt. S. J. Lozinski, Lt. Ernest A. Hansen, Lt. Jeff 
N. Donalson, and Lt. Myron L. King. 

We participated in the smashing Berlin mission of 3 February, and our 
targets included the Air Ministry, Ministry of Propaganda, German War 
Office, and Reich Chancellery. Weather was perfect, and bombing was 
excellent — it was a blow from which the Nazis never recovered. Estimated 
killed were 25,000 Germans. 

Visitors during the month included one Congressman, the Hon. Charles 
M. LaFollette of Evansville, Indiana, and two U. S. Navy Captains, H. C. Wick 
and George C. Miller. A British Lancaster, with 125 missions and a record 
of never having been hit, also visited the Base for a day. Painted on the 
outside near her flight deck were Herr Goering's now famous words, "No 
enemy plane will fly over the Reich territory." 

We closed the month by running 13 consecutive missions in 13 days. 
On one, the crew of Lt. George W. McKay bailed out over England, and 
their aircraft which had received major flak damage crashed near Lincoln. 

February also saw all the lead crews move to the 615th squadron area. 

A new record in the number of missions run in any one month was 
established in March. Twenty-two operations were completed — two in one 
day — and a record number of credit sorties were flown — 754, while 746 
aircraft attacked targets. A total of 14,246 bombs were dropped on targets 
and 59,870 rounds of ammunition fired. 

We encountered our first Nazi jet-propelled ME-262s in March, and an 
attack after a mission to Berlin resulted in the loss of one aircraft. Two crews 
were lost during the month, those of Lt David E. Vermeer and Lt. Joseph W. 

Aiming points on missions to Barmingholte, Gladbeck, Hopsten, and 
Twente, were demolished in some outstanding bombing. At the end of the 
month the 612th Squadron had completed 90 missions without a loss. Our 
famous Fort, "Hell's Angel", ended her great career when forced to a crash 
landing in France. "Chute the Works" flew its 100th mission 8 March, 'Taney 
Nancy" completed 130 without an abort, and "Diana Queen of the Chase" 
chalked up 109. 

Col. E. W. Brown and Col. Jere Maupin were called to Washington for 
special assignments, and Col. Silver became Deputy Group C. O. and Air 
Executive. Col. Garland became Group Operations Officer, Major Chapman 



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was named C.O. of the 614th to succeed Col. Garland, and Major Donald 
G. McCree was named 612th C.O. to succeed Col. Maupin. 

Returning from a ^mission to Rheine, Salzbergen, the aircraft piloted by 
Lt. Charles J. Campbell made a crash landing on the England coast because 
of severe flak damage, and seven members of the crew were killed. 

VE-Day was 8 May 1945 — but so far as the 401st Bomb Group is con- 
cerned, the War in Europe ended for us 20 April. Our operational tour was 
brought to a close when our 254th mission was flown to Brandenburg on that 
date. On the 21st there was a "stand-down" which seemed ordinary, but when 
the "stand-down" extended into five, and then ten days — and the Russians 
enveloped Berlin while the Americans swept forward along all fronts and 
linked with the Russians on the Elbe — we knew that the job of heavy bom- 
bardment in the ETO had been finished. 

We were briefed for a mission 28 April — and the crews were in the 
process of forming — when a recall order was sent out — "Patton has captured 
our target." 

Fourteen missions were run in April, and until that final "stand down," 
our Group did some of the most brilliant bombing of the war. On two of the 
missions, to the German pocket on the Gironde estuary at Royan north 
of Bordeaux, we flew without escort, and on the second one — where re- 
sults were excellent — we circled the target for more than an hour while a 
"traffic cop" in an observation plane watched the formations go in and 
directed others when to attack and where to attack. 

Our last mission was to the outskirts of Berlin — the militarily important 
city of Brandenburg, where the marshalling yards was the target. 

From 20 February to 20 April 1945, we flew 45 missions — 45 missions 
in two months, and it was during this period that we had some of our most 
successful attacks. 

Early in the month the Group received the 94th Combat Wing "Best 
Bombing Plaque" for our record during March. 

It was during April, too, that the 431st Air Service Group consisting of 
Headquarters and Base Services Squadron, the 861st Air Materiel Squadron, 
and 857th Air Engineering Squadron were activated with Lt. Col. C. A. 
Brown, formerly 401st Ground Executive Officer, as Commanding Officer. 
Major Walter R. Lindersmith, formerly Air Inspector and C.O. of the 78th 
Station Complement, became 401st Ground Executive. 

Col. Engel became Executive of the Air Service Group and C.O. of the 
Headquarters and Base Services Squadron, Major Robert C. Clements be- 
came C.O. of the Air Engineering Squadron, and Capt. Russell C. Irish be- 
came C.O. of the Air Materiel Squadron. 

Two crews were lost during the month — those of Lt. Eugene A. Viehman 
and Lt. Aubrey J. Bradley, Jr. The Bradley crew was lost on our last mission 
and was on its 33rd mission at the time. 

In the last month of our operations, the amazing total of 76.6 per cent 
of all our bombs fell within 1,000 feet of the assigned MPI! 

When the war was over, one of our famous aircraft, "Fancy Nancy," 
had chalked up 134 missions for the second best record of any B-17 in the 
ETO. "Nancy" had many rough missions, but her ground crew kept her in 
shape, and when Mission 134 was recorded, there was no happier bunch of 
mechanics or "A.M.s" in the entire armed forces than Master Sergeant Victor 
C. Magnuson, crew chief, and Sgt. William E. Hammila, Sgt. Hubert J. 
Westendorf, and Cpl. Howard M. McKinney. 

May — VE-Day — Movement orders — Movement to the USA for redeploy- 
t to the Pacific. What a month was May 1945 in the history of the 401st! 
hundred and fifty-four missions in 17 months with a bombing record 
nd to none! 

The first few days of May were quiet — then came a restriction on the 
of 7 May. We knew it was all over — but had to wait the final word 

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which came from Prime Minister Churchill at 1500 hours on 8 May. VE Day 
was here at last — the War in Europe was over — this was it! 

VE Day was celebrated rather quietly on the Base. We had a huge 
display of fireworks from the control tower at 2300 7 May, and at 1900 8 
May, the entire Station Personnel marched to the tower for a formal ob- 

There was a speech by Col. Seawell followed by religious services with 
the men dividing into groups for Protestants, Catholics, and Jews. Protestant 
services were conducted in front of the tower by Chaplain Fellows, Catholic 
services were led from a portable altar set up by Chaplain J. H. Burke with 
a B- 17 in the background, and Jewish services were conducted by W. Meier 
of Kettering. Following the services, there was a beer party but by nightfall 
all was quiet. Another fireworks display of aircraft flares concluded the 

"You have acquitted yourselves very proudly," Col. Seawell told the 
Group at the tower meeting. "You are a damn good fighting outfit. I want 
to thank you sincerely for your work, and I want you to know how proud 
I am of every one of you. We are still a unit and must go on the assumption 
that we must stay prepared for the offensive against Japan. Be set for the 
hardest course ahead and keep keyed up to the same point that gave us our 
marvelous combat record." 

On the following Monday, 14 May, we went back to Army life. Bugle 
calls were heard, drill and calisthenics were in order, and reveille was at 
5:45 a.m., and taps (of all things) at 2230! After our hard training and our 
strenuous operational tour, this was hard to believe — and hard to take — but 
no one complained, and soon we were a full-fledged garrison outfit awaiting 
the next word. 

That word came soon. On Tuesday, 15 May, a Field Order came through 
notifying us that we were to be moved immediately — and to the UNITED 
STATES. Reveille and the regular calls continued, but drill and calisthenics 
were abolished, for everyone had work to do — plenty of work. Crews were 
taken on celestial missions and instrument checks, airplanes were tuned 
up for the overseas hop, fuel consumption checks were made, and the air- 
craft were weighed for balance. A whir of activity followed the first an- 
nouncement, and from the standpoint of glee, this was a bigger day for us 
than VE Day itself. 

Between the end of operations and the announcement that we were 
going back to the USA for regrouping, we ran three observation trips over 
the Ruhr Valley and down to Frankfurt for ground personnel. The vast 
damage to German cities was impossible to believe unless it was actually 
seen from low altitude. This series of trips proved a grand reward to the 
groundmen who had labored unswervingly for nearly 20 months and 
through 254 missions — and they took credit along with the combat crews for 
the results they now observed. 

Four other trips were made by the Group to Linz-on-Danube in Austria 
for the purpose of evacuating French and British Prisoners of War. Skeleton 
crews were sent to the big German Air Force training field, only recently 
taken by the 3rd Army, and each of the 30 airplanes sent each day brought 
back 30 former prisoners. The ex-prisoners were taken to the airport at 
Orleans near Paris, and the British prisoners were brought back to England. 

It was announced that each Squadron would send 19 planes home — 

each plane loaded with its regular crew plus ten ground personnel. Airplanes 
were fitted with extra dingheys, there were ditching drills, and the ships were 
carefully checked by Air Transport Command which was in charge of the 
overseas movement. Personnel not going by air were slated to go by boat. 

Preparations reached a high pitch near the end of the month. There 
was the usual processing, the physical examinations, checking of equipment 
and inspections, then more inspection. Inspectors were at the Station from 

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Army Air Force Headquarters in Washington, from USSTAF, from Eighth 
Air Force, A.T.C., U.K. Base and 1st Air Division. 

The Medics were in there pitching. Everybody got more shots — just to 
be on the safe side — and finally everything was in readiness. 

Then the usual "scrubs". One delay followed another until at long last 
at 1100 on Memorial Day (a memorable day for us) the first airplane piloted 
by Col. Seawell took off for America. 

Sixteen B-17s left the station the first day, and by the fourth of June, 
all of the 78 planes with crews and passengers were on their way. The 
route home was via Valley, Wales, and the usual North Atlantic with stops 
scheduled at Iceland, Greenland, Goose Bay, Labrador, and Newfoundland — 
then Bradley Field — and Camp Miles Standish for 30 days "R and R." 

Remaining ground personnel packed — and the cry was "Okinawa — 
her© we come!" 

More delays followed for the "gravel pushers" but finally on the 20 of 
June, a parade of special trains left Geddington Station for Gurock, Scotland 
where we boarded the world's greatest transport . . . The Queen Elizabeth . . . 
for the trip home. 

Loaded with 15,000 troops — mostly Eighth Air Force — the Elizabeth 
steamed out of the Firth of Clyde at 6 p. m. on 25 June for the first peacetime 
crossing westward, and just four and a half days later — about 10 a. m. on 
29 June — the coast of Jersey was sighted. 

It was a wonderful crossing. "Chow" was excellent, and despite the fact 
that the 401st was the first Group on the boat and the last off, and the further 
fact that the entire membership of the four Bomb squadrons were permanent 
K.P.S for the entire trip, everyone enjoyed it. Th K.P.s were not overworked 
— they got the best of the chow and more than they wanted — and not a 
squawk was heard. 

On the third day out the "Lizzie" ran into the tail end of a hurricane, 
and a number of the men became ill, but the storm lasted less than 12 hours, 
and on the final day, the sun shone brightly and every last man was on deck 
when land was sighted. 

Among the passengers were 700 nurses. General DeGaulle's son, and 
Princess Juliana of the Netherlands. The shipment was made up of 12 Groups 
of Eighth Air Force, five General hospitals, and a small number of navy 
personnel in addition to a few Frenchmen (aviation cadets), and some 

Two hours out of New York harbor a giant Navy dirigible came into 
view, and soon it began to circle above the Elizabeth. Then through a giant 
loud speaker, we were given an address of welcome . . . and what a cheer 
went up from the jammed decks when the speech ended! Autogiros began 
to fly about the giant ship with photographers, and news cameramen, and 
then the official welcoming boats — one with a WAC band on top — escorted 
us into the harbor. 

The "Old Lady" with the Torch of Liberty was the thrill we had been 
waiting for, and soon every boat in the harbor, and many of the factories 

and industrial plants lining the harbor began to toot welcomes with their 
whistles. The "Lizzie" with her deep-throated foghorn answered them all, and 
for two solid hours the harbor was a bedlam of noise. 

The "Lizz" was dressed in her best parade get-up — a grand spectacle — 
and when she finally pulled into the 51st street pier — Pier 90 — we had re- 
ceived the greatest welcome ever extended to any ship in the entire history 
of New York harbor. 

Streets running to the river were blocked with waving civilians, office 
windows were jammed, welcoming signs were posted all over the place, and 
it was a thrill you had to experience to really understand. 

Then came the Red Cross girls and the countless bottles of milk — real 
milk — and the snappy jazz band on the dock. We were rushed to efficient 

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Camp Kilmer where in less than two days of processing, we were off — off for 
home for 30 grand and glorious days. 

All of our airplanes reached the USA safely, and those who flew home 
had the same experiences at Bradley Field and efficient Camp Standish 
where they were sent to the four corners of the USA for 30 days of rest, re- 
habilitation, and recuperation — before the Japanese offensive. 

Our movement orders were Shipment 10034, Hq. ETO, and they were 
dated 13 May 1945. Fourteen hundred and forty men flew home, and 1,528 
came by boat. A holding party of 150 men in charge of Major L. P. Davison 
remained at the Base in England to close it up and turn it to the Air Ministry 
where it became a training school for RAF pilots. 

Our 30 days of fun over, we reported to the Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 
Army Air Field — better known as "Kamp Konfusion" — where we learned to 
our sorrow that the Grand Old 401st was to be broken up and inactivated. 
Members were assigned to new B-29 Groups being formed for the Jap war, 
and others were told they would be separated from the service. 

It was a blow, and in the heat of Sioux Falls, jam-packed with 35,000 
returnees of the Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces, we got over it the best 
we could. 

Then it was processing all over, more physical exams, reassignments to 
all parts of the country, and tough "farewells" to our buddies. 

Suddenly the bottom dropped out. It was Atom Bomb No. 1, then Atom 
Bomb No. 2. Russia declared war on the Japs— and before we knew it — V-J 
Day — and the War was over. 

What confusion, what hectic days, what next? Our TAT (to accompany 
troops) equipment which had arrived at Sioux Falls was turned in, records 
were surrendered, officers and enlisted men alike were shipped hither and 
yon — it was the end of the "best damned outfit in the AAF" — and the 401st 
remained but a happy — and lifelong memory. 

Never again in the history of all wars will there ever be an outfit with a 
better morale than the 401st Bombardment Group (Heavy). 

Space limits us from mentioning more names of some of our famous 
members in this abbreviated history . . . our pilots, co-pilots, navigators, 
bombardiers, gunners — our well-trained "Mickey" operators. We'd like to 
list every Squadron staff from Armament officers down to the permanent 
K.P.s who kept us so well fed, but we just don't have the room. 

However, when we finished our operational tour, here were a few of the 
men who held key jobs: 

Capt. Wallie Harb was schools officer for air training, Lt. Col. Leon 
Stann who was 613th Operations Officer went to the 457th at Glatton as a 
Squadron C.O. and was succeeded by Major James J. tocher. Lt. Col. Carl 
C. Hinkle left the 401st to become Group Operations Officer of the 351st at 
Polebrook, and Major Donald V. Kirkhuff was 614th Ops Officer. Major 
Clyde Lewis held the same job in the 615th, and Major J. D. Strauss was 
612th Ops. 

Major Harold Kennard and Major Earl Mulmed went all the way through 
as Group Communications Officer and Group Flight Surgeon respectively, 
and Major "Pop" Fry was Group S-2 until near the end of the war when he 
returned to the USA. Major Eugene Wise ran the Officers Club until it was 
closed. Major Herb Ewald was Station Mess Officer, Major Albert E. Barrs 
was Courts and Board Officer, and Major L. P. Davison was in charge of 
claims and investigations. All these men also held down jobs as Squadron 

Major Julius Pickoff was our Group Bombardier from activation to de- 
activation, and Major Jim Egan was Group Navigator most of the time. Capt. 
Charlie Hunt was Group Engineering Officer with Capt. Frank Wilson as his 
assistant. Major Jackson M. Phipps was Group Adjutant with the gold leaves 

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coming after we had packed up. Squadron Surgeons were Capts. Pete 
Pankratz, Herman Lander, Hi Hardesty, and Chuck Henrie in 612 to 615 
respectively, and Capt. Paul Pearlstein was the Station Complement surgeon. 
Dr. Ed. Becker was Group Dental Officer, and Capt. Al. Lynch was "sheriff" 
or provost marshall. Squadron engineering officers were Capts. Herb Kim- 
mell, Ed Chase, W. G. McAlexander, and Russ Newman, and Squadron 
Adjutants were Capts. Wilbur Klenke, John Orcutt, Dick Mettlen, and Sam 

Among other Group Officers Were Lt. Olus Stanley, personnel, 
Lt. Bob O'Neill, awards and decorations; Capt. P. K. Alexander, photo 
officer, Capt. Sam Broomhall, armament, Capt. Ham Coit, photo interpreter, 
Capt. Ken Double, statistical, Capt. Jim David, ordnance, Capt. Craig Howes, 
tech inspector, Capt. Ray Saks, radar, Capt. "Stormy" Street, weather, Lt. 
Jack Evans, equipment, Capt. Les Winchester, communications school, Capt. 
Joe Conley, gunnery, Lt. Bill Harrington, supply, Lt. Don Judge, codes, and 
Chief Warrant Officer Hank Vanderhoef, assistant engineering. 

Squadron Armament Officers were Capts. Ed. Wilder, Jack Berry, Bill 
Racke and John Studeny, squadron communications officers were Capts. 
Vilas Clawson, Les Winchester, Sam Goldblatt, and Jerry Blumentall, squad- 
ron ordnance officers were Lts. Stan Deines, William Boone, Hank Bennett, 
and Ralph Luedke. Squadron intelligence officers were Capts. Jim Hamrick, 
Jim Meredith, Don Sutherland, and W. W. Hill, and squadron supply officers 
were Lts. Roy Rose, Erling Lande, Francis Petty, and Ken Peters. 

Now here are a few interesting statistics of our operations : 

No. of aircraft scheduled for missions 7,748 

No. of effective sorties 6,850 

Tons of bombs on primary targets 10,594 

Tons of bombs on secondary targets 5,485 

Tons of bombs on last resort or target of opportunity 1,705 

No. of aircraft failing to return 94 

No. of aircraft lost to flak 46 

No. of aircraft lost to enemy aircraft 32 

No. of aircraft lost, reasons unknown 10 

No. of aircraft lost through accidents 3 

No. of aircraft lost through ditching 3 

No. of aircraft lost otherwise than on operational missions . . 40 

(a) Crash landings 6 

(b) Bail out 9 

(c) Crashes on takeoff 2 

(d) Salvage 3 

(e) Abandoned on Continent 20 

No. of aircraft lost on non-operational flights 8 

No. of accredited sorties 7,413 

No. of enemy aircraft claimed (confirmed) 193 

No. of enemy aircraft destroyed (confirmed) 72 

No. of enemy aircraft probably destroyed 28 

No. of enemy aircraft damaged 93 

Rounds of ammunition fired 916,920 

No. of bombs on primary targets . . High Explosives 74,576 

Incendiary 29,491 

Fragmentation 4.251 

No. of aircraft battle damaged 1,872 

(Major damage) 159 

(Minor damage) 1,713 

Cause of battle damage : 

Due to flak 1,773 

Due to fighters 21 

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Due to Friend 10 

Due to combination 64 

Total of battle casualties 1,078 

Total personnel entering enemy territory 69,910 

Percentage of casualties 1.56% 

No. killed in action 41 

No. missing in action 904 

No. seriously wounded 35 

No. slightly wounded 98 

Percentage of aircraft available for each mission 95.6% 



NO. 50 Washington 25, DC 17 June 1944 

XI. BATTLE HONORS — 1. As authorized by Executive Order No. 9396 
(sec. I, Bull. 22, WD 1943), superseding Executive Order No. 9075 (sec. Ill, 
Bull. 11, WD 1942), citation of the following unit by the Commanding General 
Eighth Air Force, in General Orders No. 355, 11 May 1944 under the provisions 
of Section IV Circular No. 333, War Department 1943, in the name of the 
President of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and 
distinction, is confirmed. The citation reads as follows: 

The First Bombardment Division (H) is cited for extraordinary heroism, 
determination, and esprit de corps in action against the enemy on 11 January 
1944. On this occasion the 1st Bombardment Division led the entire Eighth 
Air Force penetration into central Germany to attack vital aircraft factories. 
After assembly was accomplished and the formation was proceeding toward 
Germany, adverse weather conditions were encountered which prevented 
effective fighter cover from reaching the 1st Bombardment Division. Taking 
full advantage of the relative vulnerability of the lead division, the enemy 
concentrated powerful forces against it. The scale of the enemy attack is 
graphically indicated by the fact that 400 encounters with enemy aircraft 
were recorded by units of the 1st Bombardment Division. The gunners met 
these continuous attacks with accurate fire and the division continued toward 
the targets as briefed where bombs were dropped with excellent results. On 
the return trip the enemy continued to concentrate his efforts on the 1st Bom- 
bardment Division. Figures of enemy aircraft claimed by our gunners in- 
dicate that the heroism of this division inflicted heavy losses on the enemy in 
the air as well as on the ground. Two hundred and ten enemy aircraft, the 
largest number ever claimed by any division of the Eighth Air Force for any 
one mission, were confirmed as destroyed, 43 probably destroyed and 84 
damaged. The division lost 42 heavy bombers and many of those which re- 
turned were heavily damaged. Four hundred and thirty officers and enlisted 
men failed to return, two were killed, and 32 others wounded. The extra- 
ordinary heroism and tenacious fighting spirit demonstrated by the 1st Bom- 
bardment Division in accomplishing its assigned task under exceptionally 
difficult conditions reflect highest credit on this organization, the Army Air 
Forces, and the armed forces of the United States. 

By order of the Secretary of War 

Official : 

J. A. Ulio 

Major General 

The Adjutant General 

G. C. Marshall 
Chief of Staff 

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U N I V ERS if ¥ OF Wl 5 00 H S I N 



NO. 83 Washington 25, D. C., 2 October 1945 


XI. BATTLE HONORS — As authorized by Executive Order 9396 (sec. 1, 
WD Bui. 22 f 1943), superseding Executive Order 9075 (sec. Ill, WD Bui. 11, 
1942), citation of the following unit in the general orders indicated is con- 
firmed under the provisions of section IV, WD Circular 333, 1943, in the name 
of the President of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and 
distinction. The citation reads as follows: 

The 401sf Bombardment Group (H) is cited for extraordinary heroism, 
determination, and esprit de corps in action against the enemy on 20 Feb- 
ruary 1944. On this date the 401st Bombardment Group (H) led the largest 
number of Eighth Air Force heavy bombardment aircraft dispatched on a 
daylight operation up to that time in comprehensive and coordinated attacks 
against German fighter aircraft production centers. The particular target of 
this organization was the Erla Maschinenwerk factory located in the vicinity 
of Leipzig, which involved a penetration deep over Germany to initiate a 
concentrated campaign against the German Air Force and the aircraft in- 
dustry which supplied it. After assembly was effected, constantly adverse 
weather conditions were encountered which resulted in sporadic fighter cover 
for the remainder of the flight to the objective. En route tg the enemy in- 
stallations, attacks by single and twin engine hostile airplanes of almost 
every type, FW-190s, ME-109s, JU-88s, ME-llOs, ME-210s, DO-217s, JU-87s, 
FW-189s, and HE-llls, were pressed home with persistence. German fighters 
adopted P-47 and P-51 tactics, endeavoring to gain favorable positions from 
which to attack the bombers. The enemy, in a last resort attempt to deter 
the aerial force, employed cable bombing methods. The route to the point 
west of Brunswick, where the 401st Bombardment Group (H) diverged to 
bomb the designated objective near Leipzig, was flown in accordance with 
the briefed flight plan. In the face of hazardous opposition from repeated 
attacks by fighter aircraft fire, this unit determinedly turned at the initial 
point and instituted the bomb run. Despite the battle damage sustained by 
numerous aircraft, the 401st Bombardment Group (H) displayed a high 
degree of courage and determination by continuing on the flight over the 
target. With an exemplary demonstration of skill under difficult conditions 
this organization bombed visually and excellent results were achieved. The 
installations incurred extensive damage. Direct hits were received by the 
principal assembly shop and the other large assembly building was ob- 
served to be on fire as the bombers left the target area. The flying fortresses 
rallied successfully and the planned route was flown back to England. On 
this date the 401st Bombardment Group (H) exhibited the utmost tenacity of 
purpose, gallantry, esprit de corps, and bombing proficiency in leading one 
of the most effective bombardment operations flown by the Eighth Air Force 
against objectives of prime importance to the prosecution of aerial warfare 
by the enemy. The extraordinary heroism and outstanding fighting spirit 
demonstrated by this unit reflect the highest credit on the 401st Bombardment 
Group (H) and the armed forces of the United States. (General Orders 511, 
Headquarters 1st Air Division, 8 August 1945, as approved by the Command- 
ing General, European Theater.) 

By order of the Secretary of War 

G. C. Marshall 
Chief of Staff 

Official : 

Edward F. Witsell 

Major General 

Acting The Adjutant General 

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APO 557 

Office of the Commanding General 

11 Ju}y 1944. 


TO : All Combat Wing and Group Commanders, 1st Bombardment Division, 

I am in receipt of a letter from a senior member of the Allied Combined 
Chiefs of Staff concerning the operations of this Division on D Day, The 
following is a quotation from this letter and will be brought to the attention 
of the personnel under your command. 

"An outstanding impression of my entire trip to the European Theater 
was the remarkable show on D Day, wherein your entire very large force 
moved with excellent timing and bombed objectives on instruments which 
they had never seen, without so much as soratohing the paint on a 
rowboat in the squirming Channel below. That amazing display of 
scientific and training achievement v/as most impressive, I have 
described it to the Conrnanding General of Second Air Foroe in glowing 
terras as an end result of the training effort in that organization." 



Major General, USA, 


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Digitized by Google 

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MANGLER poses with some of his pals 

Sgt. Spacek, Sgt. Hodis, Cpl. Lounsbury, Capt. 
M. K. Martin, Sgt. Osinski, Sgt. Newton, and 
Lt. Woodhouse pose with the little fellow in 
front of their plane. 

Mangier, 612 th Squadron mascot, was 
presented by the Red Lodge Commercial Club 
while the Group was stationed at Great Falls, 
Montana. Mangier 's twin brother. Victory, also 
served with a bombardment squadron as mas- 
cot, and saw foreign service. 


^ Google 

✓ol. M. K. Martin, firs 
nanding Officer of the 
Squadron, feeds Mangier 



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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 



A hitch;' BUtTh* tasSt ° FF t WITH °UT 
life convinced in fantry 




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Left to right: Maj. R. G. Killam, Maj. E. I. Mulmed, Col. Harold W. 
Bowman, Maj. Julius Pickoff, Lt. Col. C. A. Scott, Maj. W. B. Fry 
and Lt. Col. Chas. Brown. 

• Original from 


Jiailized bv vtOOQ [C 

21 July 1943 

Left to right: Col. Rogner, Col. Scott, Maj. Killam, Maj. Mulmed, 
Major Fry, Captain Double, Captain Hunt, Colonel Bowman and 
Lieutenant Colonel Brown. 

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While on a routine training flight early in August, 1943, these men dis- 
covered that the landing gear of their Fortress was out of order. Five of the 
men bailed out, all landing safely. Lt. William C. Garland, senior instructor 
pilot, and Lt. T. Neag, senior pilot, were given permission to try a crash 
landing and brought the "Fort” in for a belly landing which caused only 
slight damage to the plane. 

Pictured above are, front row: Lt. Traian Neag, Lt. William Garland, Lt. 
O. De Raimo and Lt. John England. Back row: Sgt. Ralph Newton, Sgt. Clair 
Smith and Sgt. J. L. Connor. 

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Title of "401st Apollo" was conferred upon Major Jere W. Maupin, 
Squadron Commander, when he won the 50-yard dash from Major Julius 
Pickoff, Group Bombardier. Time was 6.4 seconds. The race was held in the 
vicinity of the Control Tower before a cheering multitude — with supporters 
of each contestant grouped on the sidelines. Timers, starters, judges, — even 
a water boy — were on hand for the big event and the bookies did a rushing 
business. Pickoff backers claimed the winner jumped the gun while others 
said had the race been over a 75-yard course, Maupin wouldn't have had 
a chance. Judges, however, ruled the start was legal and pointed out that the 
winner was handicapped four feet. These pictures show the , athletes (?) 
getting into their track clothes, the start, finish, and Col. H. W. Bowman 
tying the Apollo medal on the winner. The loser dejectedly congratulates 
Major Maupin. 


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For the umpteenth hundredth time in the past two decades the Indians of Montana 
hold induction ceremonies for their "Paleface Brethren." This is their means of getting even 
with the descendants of the white men who stole their rangelands and cattle. The scene 
was Cutbank, and attending officers were given honorary Chieftainships in the tribe. Col. 
H. W. Bowman emerged from the festivities as "Chief Eagle Claw." 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Parity at Qeuf&i 

The intramural activities included welkin ringing, elbow bending, jitterbugging and as in- 
dicated in the photo at the top, some plain, old-fashioned ogling. 

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a t | 


' Original from 1944 

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Monday Evening, August 30, 1943 



Flying Fortress Trip Is No Civilian Joyride — 

Bomb Run From Falls Somewhat Like Movies, but Rougher 

One Needs Sea Legs 

And Some Extra Hands Would Help 

Written for the Assoc. Press 

Lean over and listen close- 
ly: if you're a civilian and 
don't have eight hands, an 
autogyro stomach and sea 
legs, stay out of a Flying 

The guy who makes it from 
the waist guns to the flight 
cabin without whanging into 
the ball turret really ought to 
get the Distinguished Flying 

These things can be learned 
at the Greai Falls Army Air 
base, where C.O. Harold W. 
Bowman commands a heavy 
bombardment group in train- 

There are two important pre 
limmaries for a civilian going 
on a practice bombing mis- 
sion : he must wear the army 
version of a teddy suit and get 
into parachute harness. This 
latter effect is a mass of straps 
and buckles and a large rear 
package which. Lt. Hamilton 
Colt of Alexandria, Va., says 
"opens easy." 

Colt, an ex-paratrooper, is 
the parachute expert at the 
base. He gave a comforting 
little preflight talk: 

"If you have to jump, just 
go ahead, wait a few seconds 
and then pull that little red 
handle. The package on the 
other shoulder is a first-aid 

He grinned. " And say , if 
vou have to jump, save the 
little red handle. They're 
worth a buck six-bits 

A big, tough-looking Flying 
Fortress stood on the flight 
apron. Under it, small figures 
in khaki were loading 100- 

pound practice bombs into its 
belly. Above, a Walt Disney 
octopus waved painted tenta- 
cles. The name of the "Fort" 
was "Martin's Mangier." 

Col. Clayton Scott of the 
state of Washington by way of 
Kentucky and 16 years in the 
army, and Lt. Jere Maupin of 
Glendale. Calif., got into the 
pilot seats. 

'Gonna Be rough . . 

One engine coughed, roared 
and soon had its three mates 
trying to outdo it. Scott and 
Maupin hunched over a mass 
of dials, coils, levers and gears. 
Surrounding them were yellow 
metal containers which looked 
like bombs but were only oxy- 
gen drums. A sergeant named 
Brown stood behind the two 
officers and looked pensive. 
The plane rumbled down the 
take-off strip, gathering its 
strength. It was hot behind the 
pilot's seat and visibility there 
was zero. From near by came 
an intermittent whine. Scott, 
Maupin and Brown ignored it. 

Seven tornadoes were born 
in the engines and the Mangier 
rushed down the runway. 
Landing wheels folded like a 
crab's pincers and the big ship 
was airborne. Brown disap- 
peared through a trap door 
that popped open between the 
pilot and co-pilot. 

The bombardier, • Lt. F. C. 
Howe, lately of the University 
of Florida, materialized from 
somewhere about the floor 
boards. "Gonna be rough to- 
day," he observed, and van- 

Things did get rough. In the 
waist, wind howled past the 
gunneis' windows. The tail bob 
bed discomfortingly. In the ra- 
dio room Brown dozed, his 
duties done for the moment. 

Just ahead of the radio room, 
the ball turret bulged trucu- 

"Don't go near that thing," 

Lt. Robert O'Neill, a Montclair, 
N. J., man, cautioned. "It'll 
snap a leg off you." 

A cursory glance show- 
ed nobody was in it. A 
studied stare failed to ais- | 
close how anybody ever | 
did get into it, with or with- 
out legs. A sign warned 
against operating it with- 
out instruction, a kind of 
military superfluity . 

The big "Fort" droned, asj 
the saying goes, on. Presently j 
it stopped droning and roared, j 
Maupin shifted one wing, and • 
the wind shifted it right back. 
This went on for some time ! 
Maupin won. Something called 
"thermals", which appeared to 
i be baser wind currents, jounc- 
ed the fuselage. The pilot room 
rattled, the radio room vibrat- 
ed, the tail boggled, and Ser- 
geant Brown lounged comfor- 
tably in his chair, glancing at 
a map. 


Radio earphones were a dis- 
appointment. Through them 
came squeals and a sound like 
j a man shouting through a 
bathroom door. The name 
"Roger" occurred frequently. 
It turned out "Roger" is I 
| Fortress-ese for "Okay." 

Sergeant Brown, whose 1 
| mother calls him Curtis and i 
j who lives in Walsenburq, 

| Colo., yawned, pointed to the 
bomb bay doors and nodded, 
j By crawling and clutching, a 
civilian could get there without 
having his pate addled. Below 
the open doors lay a vista of 
, crags, valleys, a ribbon of 
river and the target, a wooden 
i structure in the middle of a j 
| white circle. 

"Don't move on the bombing 
| run." Brown shouted above the' 
engines. "It bothers the bom-, 
j bardier!" 

The earphones deserted 
"Roger" and somebody called 

"Bombs away!" It sounded like 
it does in the movies. 

Martin's Mangier ducked and 
then returned to the old routine 
of rocking and pitching. Fa: 
below, a plume of smoke rose 
from the middle of a white 
circle. Brown grinned and 
made a little mark on a piece 
of paper. Scott and Maupin ap- 
peared indifferent. The Mang- 
ier did a right turn, curtsied, 
and two oxygen drums clank 
ed. The bomb-dropping busi- 
ness was repeated; Lieutenant 
Howe v/as laying his eggs ,n 
the white circle. He did it 12 
times, while the Mangier play 
ed rodeo in the summer sky. 
12,000 feet up. 

And the Civilian Whistles 
Pretty soon, Scott and Mcu- 
pin wrestled the Mangle: 
around and headed it for home 
Like an old horse sniffing the 
barn, the big "Fort" went into 
a rocking jive toward the Giec: 
Falls base. Pads on the floor 
used as seats jittered towara 
the tail. The radio room shock 
Sergeant Brown was bacK 
his post there, filling out a re 
port. Lieutenant O'Neill gnzen 
dreamily out a window. 

Scott and Maupin guidec: 
the Mangier toward the land 
ing strip, and with a final fin: 
of her tail, the Fortress settle d 
tc earth. 

The civilian in the teddy 
bear suit stumbled out, dea: 
rumpled and feeling like c 
man who has stowed away ir. 
the hold of a whaler 

The crew slid to the ground 
nonchalantly, and more khak. 
clad figures scurried up with 
bombs and gas to ready the 
Mangier for another round. 

With the parachute 
thumping an undignified 
rhythm on his posterior 
the civilian walked towaia 
the hangar. Presently he 
began to whistle " The 
Army Air Corps." 

Digitized by 


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Two gunners leave the ordnance room 
at Great Falls Army Air base for another 
round of aerial target practice. 

Lt. Frank Cavanaugh, co-pilot of a bomber 
which made a successful emergency landing 
while in training at Great Falls, is the son 
of Maj. Frank Cavanaugh, the “iron major" 
who before his death in 1933 was considered 
one of the nation's top football coaches. (Later, 
Lt. Cavanaugh was wounded at Cassino.) 

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Among those who trained at Glasgow 
(MonO was Lt. Boudinot Stimson, Ir., of 
Greenwich, Conn., a cousin of Secretary of 
War Henry L. Stimson. Lt. Stimson was flight 
commander of a squadron. He later was shot 
down and became a prisoner of war. 

Maps, charts, tables, radio reports and 
celestial observations help the navigator de- 
termine the position of his plane in flight. 

Gunners clean their weapons before a 
training mission. Gunnery students often found 
extra parts or broken parts on the table, to 
test their accuracy and efficiency in readying 
the guns for instant use. 



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Each combat crew received a special 
course in parachuting before its members be- 
came operational. Both English and American 
type chutes were use in the demonstrations 
and every man was given opportunity to 
practice with each . . . this instruction was to 
prove its value, for in all the times men of 
the Group were to bail out, only one casualty, 
a broken leg, was ever reported. 

Pfc. Charles Barnes, left, and Cpl. Wilbur W. Fruauff, right, help 
Pvt. Paul Pennestri get into his asbestos fire fighting outfit. All are 
members of the base crash crew. , , f =. „ l _ , 


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fE T\ 


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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp://www. 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

COLONEL BOWMAN led the mission 

FROM DPE 26 1700 A to BMP ATTN: PRO (SECRET) . . . 

Smashing into Bremen, a heavy bombardment group of the 8th AAF, 
led by Col. H. W. Bowman of Washington, D. C., assisted in one of the largest 
bombing operations over Germany to date. 

In temperature that reached 47 below zero, the armada of flying for- 
tresses made its way to the target and unloaded tons of explosives and in- 
cendiaries on the center of the city. 

"We went over the target as instructed," said Col. Bowman, and al- 
though the visibility was not too good, my top turret gunner, Sgt. Leonard 
W. Click, Jr., says he saw a thick band of fire spreading over the center 
of the city. 

"We encountered little flak although it grew heavier directly over the 
target. I am satisfied from the immense quantities of bombs we dropped and 
from our position over Bremen that the operation was a success." 

The Colonel's airplane was the "Smiling Jack" and it was the first 
mission for plane and crew. 

Lt. Durward Fesmire, a bombardier, who flew in the Southwest Pacific 
on the world-famed "Susy-Q", and who holds almost every decoration issued 
in that theater, experienced a unique thrill: "This freezing stuff is a new 
one on me," he said. "My face felt as though I'd been on one of Admiral 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Byrd's cruises. They had a helluva smoke screen spread out for us, but the 
wind kind of interfered with their plans. It dissipated it. I'm positive we 
blasted hell out of them. We flew smack over the city, and the bombs looked 
like hailstones the way they kept plastering the town. The P-47s gave us a 
swell escort.” 

Sgt. Ivan R. Lee, right waist gunner of "Devil's Daughter”, had a difficult 
time with the freezing temperature. "My oxygen mask froze,” he said, "and 
there were actually chunks of ice on my tube. I passed out for a flash, but 
was lucky enough to revive in time to break the stuff off and fix up my 
emergency landing equipment.” 

Lt. R. J. Ramsey, co-pilot of "Fool's Luck", was certain the raid was a 
smashing success. 

"We couldn't have left anything standing in the city," said Ramsey. "I 
never saw anything like it in my life. The sky was literally full of bombs. 
They kept dropping in perfect precision and anyone that tells me we didn't 
give them the works will have a lot of gum-beating to prove it." 

S/Sgt. Bruno I. Spatil, a ball turret gunner, was too busy at the time to 
remember much. 

"I couldn't see a thing," he said. " I was looking around at the flak and 
wondering when the enemy fighters were going to show up. I forgot all 
about the target below in the excitement." 

1st Lt. James F. Goodman, a pilot and a former all-American basketball 
player at the University of Kentucky, reported a heavy smoke screen over 
the city. 

"We knew we were right over Bremen but it was hard to see the city 
itself. We dumped our bombs and from the tons of explosives and incen- 
diaries that we saw dropping all around us the crew and myself feel that 
we did a good job on the target." 

SWEATING IT OUT — Three unidentified crew 
men from a Fortress already down, anxiously 
scan the sky for a buddy still in the air after 
the bombing of Bremen. 

Fortress lands in the mud it generally makes a 
pretty good impression. Two maintenance 
crew members are busy trying to un-mire the 
wheels after one of the B-17s landed off the 
runway coming M irom Bremen. 


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RETURN OF THE NATIVES — Lt. Durward W. Fesmire talks it over with his 
Flying Fortress buddies after returning from their first mission to Germany. 
Pictured from left to right are Lt. W. E. Anderson, Gpjt. Wm. Reigler, Lt. 
Fesmire, Sgt. John Jack and Lt. Frank C. WISflONSUN 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Meet Sergeant Mace— An Honest Man 

The first combat mission of S/Sgt. Kenneth I. Mace, a Fortress gunner, 
was no dry run. 

When he stepped out of his plane after the Bremen raid, bystanders 
noticed his trousers' seat was covered with ice. 

"How did that happen?" he was asked. 

"Perspiration caused by our electrically-heated flying suits," a gunner 
offered before Mace could speak. "It was 47 below up there today and ice 
formed as soon as we hit altitude." 

That would have satisfied most people, but Mace is a completely honest 

"Perspiration, hell!" he said. "I was scared, real scared. It was my first 
mission, and I'm not ashamed of what happened and don't care who knows 

In questioning the Sergeant about his attitude toward publication of the 
story, it was suggested that it would be in line with the War Department's 
policy of telling the truth about the war. 

"I don't know anything about that stuff," he said, "but I'm willing to let 
you print it because I want some of my buddies back in the States to know 
that this is no pink tea party over here." 

(From Stars and Stripes, 23 Dec. 1943.) 

I Original from 


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"Fancy Nancy" crippled , — 

Lt. Scribner C. Dailey 


But They Brought 
Her Back 
To England 


Returning from a two-days' rest at a RAF station where their plane 
made an emergency landing, crew members of the "Fancy Nancy", a Flying 
Fortress here, related some of their harrowing experiences on the recent 
bombing mission to Bremen. 

Especially loud was their praise of Lt. Scribner C. Dailey, pilot, whose 
yeoman work in bringing the bomber back to Blighty has already resulted in 
a recommendation for the D.F.C. from his Commanding Officer, Col. H. W. 

Lt. Dailey's ship had just completed the run over the target and was 20 
miles south of Bremen when a B-17 below them, out of control, plunged 
crazily up at them. 

A mass collision in mid-air seemed imminent, the onrushing fortress was 
headed straight amidships when Dailey, on his first mission, cooly and ex- 
pertly shot his plane almost vertically into the air. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

S/Sgt. Arthur W. Hildreth 
Radio Operator 

Lt. Alexander C. Stokes 

The other Fort came a-roaring, but Dailey's manipulation of the controls 
saved his ship and all but one of his men. That man was in the ball turret 
and so narrow was the escape that the turret was sheared off cleanly, the 
wing flaps were smashed, the props bent on all four engines, a fire started 
in the No. 1 engine, the interphone system rendered useless and a hole bashed 
in the fuselage big enough in the words of Lt. John L. Malone, navigator, "to 
drive a jeep through." 

Dailey's plane started to jerk and plunge and lost 8,000 feet of altitude 
so quickly that the remaining crew members prepared for the order to bail 

With tha courage bom of confidence in his own, and his ship's ability 
to manage the long journey back through enemy flak and fighters, he or- 
dered the men to stand fast and set the controls for England. 

From a point 20 to 30 miles south of Bremen he guided the crippled ship 
back through Germany and Denmark until the Frisian Islands were neared. 

By this time Sgt. A. W. Hildreth, radio operator, had done some Ameche 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

work with the radio system and commenced transmitting the distiess signal. 
In this he was aided by Sgt. Charles T. Hagen, waist gunner, who unwound 
200 feet of trailing antenna by hand in the 47-below-zero temperature. 

An RAF Field picked up their SOS, gave them a fix, and dispatched two 
typhoons to guide them to the field in England, where Lt. Dailey made what 
bystanders described as a miraculous landing. 

One of the unbelievable angles of the tale was the experience which 
befell Sgt. George P. Cook, ball turret gunner, whose guns jammed shortly 
after passing the target. It was when he left the turret to permit a waist gun- 
ner to enter and attempt repairs that the other B-17 ripped into their plane, 
carrying away the turret and its occupant. 

This was Cook's second such escape in two months. The other occurred 
during his training period in the States. He was grounded by the surgeon 
at the time because of a sore throat, and the nine other members of his crew 
lost their lives when their ship caught fire and exploded in mid-air. 


Left to right, first row: Capt. W. T. Hutson, Bombardier; 1st Lt. John L. Malone, Navigator; 
Capt. Scribner C. Dailey, Pilot; 1st Lt. Alexander C. Stokes, Co-pilot. Back row: Sgt. Charles 
T. Hagen, Waist Gunner; S/Sgt. Wm. B. Flynn, Top Turret Gunner; S/Sgt. Arthur W. Hil- 
dreth, Radio Operator; Sgt. George P. Cook, Ball Turret Gunner; and Sgt. Charles W. San- 
ders, Tail Gunner. 

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The Photo Lab at any Flying Fortress 
Base is an important place because in 
the Eighth Air Force no credit is given 
for bombing accuracy unless the hits 
can be proven with pictures. Strike 
photos usually were available for in- 
terpretation within 12 to 18 minutes 
after the first Fort returned from a 

T/Sgt. Harold M. Draper, camera technician, 
checks an aerial camera. 

Sgt. Emil R. Czupryna, camera repairman, 
loads a camera into a Fortress. 

Here Sgt. William E. Zimmer, laboratory tech- 
nician, has just completed developing a roll 
of film. Original frofn 


■■ I 

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T/Sgt. James L. Gourley, laboratory techni- 
cian, places a roll of recently developed film 
into the drying machine. 

Sgt. Joseph Greenhouse, a laboratory techni 
cian, letters a negative. 

Sgt. Joseph L. Schuetta takes some of the 
strike photos off the drying machine. 

Digitized by v 

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but a 

lot of pictures never saw the Photo Lab! 


Wnn { 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 


Solingen, 1 December 1943 

Sgt. Stengel 






DOWN • • • confirmed 

It was a "Happy Birthday" in more ways than one for Sgt. Percy W. Stengel, ball 
turret guhner, whose Flying Fortress paid a flying visit to Solingen recently with a package 
of aerial Mickey Finns for Jerry. 

All in one day, Sgt. Stengel became 24 years old, completed his first bombing mis- 
sion and shot down his first enemy fighter plane. 

"It was a great feeling," said the sergeant. "He had a yellow-nosed ship so we knew 
he was one of the crack Hermann Goering squadron ... he made a pass at us and rolled 
out of our range. Everyone in our ship had' a feeling he'd come back and we were all set 
for him when he did. 

"Sure enough we saw him getting set for another shot at us. I was lucky. He came 
into range of my gun and I let him have it. The next thing you know he seemed to break 
into a hundred pieces. It was like a firecracker explosion. First a big puff of smoke and 
then pieces of airplane scattering in all directions." 

. . . Other members of the crew said they were certain that Stengels fire was respon- 
sible for the downing of the German fighter, an ME- 109. 

Sgt. Stengel received the air medal in recognition of his work. 

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Solingen Sidelights 

. . . Second Lt. Fred Brown, Jr. # co-pilot of 
one of the Forts, discovered that three bombs 
had jammed in the bomb bay when the load 
was discharged. Standing on the catwalk as 
the sub-zero winds whistled through the open 
bomb bay, he kicked the bombs loose. Later 
he shared his own oxygen supply with Sgt. 
Charles M. Lewis, whose supply had been 

. . . 2nd Lt. Charles F. Hess, pilot, and 2nd 
Lt. John W. Mitchell, co-pilot, brought their 
B-17 back to England after the Solingen raid 
despite loss of the No. 4 engine from flak, 
fire in the No. 3 engine, the cowling off and 
the fuselage splintered by flak. Others who 
stayed with them on the long voyage were 
2nd Lt. Charles W. Bryant, navigator, and 2nd 
Lt. Robert W. Rowe, bombardier. 

Lt. Brown 

Lt. Hess Lt. Mitchell 

(Later: This pilot, promoted to captain, was 
killed flying a fighter plane after completing 
his tour in heavy bombers.) 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

‘Deetetfoxfi 'Village 

On December 5, 1943, starting on a mission to Paris, a Flying Fortress, unable to lift 
its heavy bomb load in time, crashed into an unoccupied thatched-roof house. There were 
no fatalities. The scene of the accident was a short distance from the main runway. 

Twenty minutes after the crash, an explosion of bombs caused by flames from the 
engines shook the countryside for miles around. Just before this M/Sgt. Earl K. Williams, 
line chief, managed to brave the flames and threatening explosion to extricate 2nd Lt. 
Carl T. Floto, navigator, from the ship. He was assisted in carrying Floto to safety by 
M/Sgt. Francis F. Snider, crew chief. 

At the same time, Capt. Ralph J. White, squadron operations officer, and Cpl. Wm. N. 
Luna, a medical technician, cooperated to drag 2nd Lt. John J. King, bombardier, from the 
ship minutes before the explosion. 

Civilians in surrounding homes were evacuated by a cordon of military police ordered 
thrown around the wrecked Fortress by Col. Harold W. Bowman, commanding officer at the 
field. It was the efficiency and dispatch in executing this action which prevented a possible 
loss of lives at the time of the explosion. 

In addition to Floto and King, other members of the crew were 2nd Lt. Walter B. 
Keith, Jr., pilot; 2nd Lt. Wardlaw M. Hammond, Jr., co-pilot; S/Sgt. Benjamin C. Musser, 
radio operator; Sgt. Harold J. Kelsen, gunner; Pvt. Waldon C. Cohen, ball turret gunner; 
S/Sgt. David Hadsell, flexible gunner; and Sgt. Robert V. Kerr, tail gunner. 

Colonel Bowman commended the work of the 1199th Military Police company for its 
work at the scene of the crash. 

Singled out in his letter to the Provost Marshal, Lt. Lynch, were Sgt. John Rilko, S/Sgt. 
William B. Koll, and Sgt. Arnold Reasoner. 

Col. Bowman's letter stated in part: "The efficiency and dispatch with which they dis- 
§ persed bystanders, helped with the rescue of the crew, and routed civilians from homes in 
the danger area prevented an even greater calamity. Please convey my personal thanks 
to these three men and accept my congratulations for a job well done by you and the 

Sgt. Rilko was near the scene at the time, and acting on his own initiative, rounded 
up his men and started a careful and efficient routing of the nearby villagers from their 
homes to a place of safety. 

Mrs. Ainsworth Taylor, wife of the rector of the Deane Parish, expressed the heartfelt 
gratitude of the villagers for the assistance given by the Americans at the time of the 

"You people were wonderful," she told the officer who interviewed her. "The people of 
the village will never forget the kind and thoughtful way you treated them. We all realize 
that if it had not been for the quickness with which your men rushed us to safety, there 

would have been many a sorrowful home in Deane today." 

Squire George Brudenhall, of Deane and Deanethorpe, was of a like opinion. 

"The people of the village are still marveling at the efficiency of you Americans," 
he said. "Saving our lives was wonderful, but the wonder of wonders to most of us was 

the unbelievable gift of oranges your Col. Scott included in the food and bedding ma- 

terials he sent to those who were routed from their homes." 

Lt. Col. Clayton A. Scott, Executive Officer, took charge of the emergency and had 
food and bedding material distributed to 100 villagers within a half hour of the crackup. 

Villagers were still talking of the affair today and were loud in the praise of the 8th 
AAF. The touch that really found favor with them was the orange donation. 

"We haven't seen one of them in years," said the village constable. "Now that we 
know no lives were lost, we'd almost go through it again for another shipment of oranges." 

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M/Sgt. Williams 

Capt. White 

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for Young Folks 

miiim Cp *™F 

P»ge 3 

OUNDED 1861. 


With which arc Incorporated the “Kettcrins News" and “Kettering Observer." 

tEQ \^^u N 7A D 1 ^) 8 ^, I ig slQN FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1943 

— Page 10 

PRICE 2d. 


Deenethorpe Got Ten Minutes 
Earning Before Mighty Explosioi 


on# of th# Jt houui im cot- 
IUM comor.imi lh t •iliac* escaped 
■••r» ttindo. an smashed and the 
violation ... heard over hall 
Norf hampionaftirc Many windows 
In Nettop n« ti milts away, rattled. 
The owner ot the calf and fowls 
'*•? ^f. r Alb€rl * smallholder, 

and chlei warden of Deenethorpe He 
wat one ol the busiest men in the 

Hu nouae was badly damaged, the 
furniture ruined and the paper strip. 
Ped ofl the walls by the force of the 

‘he lovely Northamptonshire village of Deene 
rpe. with its less than 100 inhabitants, escaped 
teration on Sunday morning by nothing short of 

in American Flying Fortress, with its heavy bomb 
I of 6,000 lbs., crashed into the village, where 
minutes meant the difference between life and 
th for the inhabitants. ' 

>c bomber hod (might a tree and crashed lull tilt into 
ttaije on the edge ol the village of Deenethorpe. This 
Dately w as unoccupied, and the crush reduced it to a 
i ol rubble all in a moment. 

Alfred Knighton who lives nest door 
Mr Day Immediately went to tell ner 
lo ***** h * r home wrapped bis 
overcoat round her and helped her 
into uis family, to sees ahelter in a 
(held o«hind a mangold clamp 
1 Mr*. Knighton waited across the 
held in her bedroom slippers which 
, the had not time to change 
, l * tr , D *r said to a represen tat vie of 
| thu Journal: "We were Juat get- 
ting breakfast wnen I neord an air 
man about We left things as tney 
werr and. seeing that my family was 
jau fight. 1 went round to help old 
j Mrs Knighton * 

] Mn Miindy. wife of Pte Ram 
Mundy Rl, who is in the Middle 
Kast Forces said " 1 was lust pre 
! paring breakfast for my two children 
aged tnree and two. when I neard 
someone about to ua to get as tar 
neay from the village as we could 
We left our breakfast and I n ruined 
dressing the children as we ran along 

THE DEBRlb on which the fireman is playing a Jet of water Is all that remains of the 
cottage Into which the Fort, crashed some ten minutes before It and its bomb load 

1 ° addition to tha cottage of Mr. exploded. 

Swann that was destroyed me root American hospital and was later cbo-Piy of water from a brook about half 
1 01 » lAm outhouee belonging to the veyed to Kettering and District Oen- * a*'** ffom th* scene of the (Ire* 
property occupied by Mrs Ouuridge ersi Hoapiui where he was detained Among the few villagers, who spent 
was burned out The other two who were Injured 'Sunday night In the abat- 

smaahea furniture and broken glass when the walls collapsed were Fire- ‘ered village were several of the o«der 
with biankeia supplied by local Civil i m *n R. C Robin and Leading Fireman residents Thay included Mr Charles 
Defence Service* A B Dobrea 8wann. who is 70. Mtsa Brafcespeare 75. 

Accommodation for the remainder Robtn received Injuries to his back ana Mr John Blllott. who Is nearly BO. 
ot the village •*» provided at Deem |*n<* U detained at Kettering Hospital With Mr Elliott stayed his dough- 
Psra the residence ot Squire U L l Ctobrn hand* were injured and he ter Mrs Whittaker, whose husband ta 

Brudeneli C C ana at Deene Hector, »»• JP**o treatment at the American in tne Forces Mr Day the Chief 

***** th e Hector iRev a Taylor i ^ Wafden. r.iao stayed the nlgnt in his 

provided laciiines Some villager | Th* NJVS turned out with alk damaged with nts wife suu U- 

also spent the night at Benefield Pumping unite and two mobile water year-old niece 8ybll Mann 

carriers and secured a plentiful 

(Continued un page iti. 

OF THE air screws, seen in the foreground of this 
rre of a ruined farm building, cut clean through a 
kg caif as it crashed through the doorway. 

imaaet ttu h«nh.. k.. M i There they svaltad, bresthless. 
wT IiL ST. ™ 1, ^11 sauna with anorehen.ien a. th. 

n * cre * 01 *•" clustered villas* homes in which 
havw were injured, scram- they had lived lor many rears, 
r as the bomber became Slowly the minutos oaised and at 
I in flames. the end ol ooout ten BOOM PH - 

r.arf.i. ..... * h * bomb-load was dstonatsd by ihs 

•». .h. ,.,1 till 

tos^i e^a^seco^ruTTri CLTry! P '* c « of wml *«* Bun * f,r ina 

th. •niaae street shout- • rta * mingled with flying roof, hurt- 
maa. “Ml c«i aut ima lln * t,,e * And splintered alssa yet onl\ 
Ou, aawtbo may ats oda one 01 in « *'“■•*" fullered an, m 
tend " ou hT iil. .X Jury ■» aU 8he was Mrs Redmono 
cono. was ne nno the |4er C ut by flying 

splintered glass 

he nia«t did noi 
and the home 


was totallv 

Saved Comrades 



One Almighty Bang 

A statement issued an Sunday by 
United States military Headousrters 
says that a Flying Fartresa crashed 
in Oeenetharoe that mornma 
ana later its bombs esolodod. Two 
mon ot the crew were injured In 
the trash but were rescued from 
the bomber by lour other members 
Ol the crew who entered it m the 
•ace ot hre an<i imminent danoar 
o» exwlosion The Fortress'* navi-* 
cator and bombardier wore the on- 
ly casualties Thsy were rescued 10 
minutes belors the bombs went oft 
by Caot Raloh Whits. M Sgta W 
H. Lunn. Their Injuries are serious, 
but they ore easoctod to recover. 

carved In wood, then finished antique < 
shade, with dug caudle effect, 
complete, a useful and decorative gift 
Each a? /Q and Q, 

Calf Halved 

8REET SETS, made In Ireland from F.hro 
Yama The appearance of rich silk and the 
weight of heavy linen, plain hern*: complete 
with taro Pillow Cases with Two-Row Cord 
finish; ».« of aheeu BO x 108 Ins 


*o «*™L« iuw!XTURE 

J l* GUARDIAN. FH. Doc. If 

CK from 

BEO DIVAN BASE. % moot comfortable Bed 
with exceptionally deep springing, mounted 
on four sturdy legs covered in fine qua'-lty 
striped ticking sire «ft 3 ms. x 3 ft. Made 

in our own workahopo ' . . 




delivery from Northern Ireland, hemstitched 
one end and made In latest American shape 
Excellent fot Xmas Q:fta A Pair. OQ/f* 

REAL SKIN RUGS, s very line collection of 
these useful skins, some In Off-WhJte. other* 
with brown and blue design, inset, sue* 
about 27 x 20 ms. Call And see the*e 

attractive Skins. From. Each /•» 

(Continued from Page 1) 

Th# vttlasers who sweat! I too night 
•t Deene Fork end at the Rootovy. 
walked The mue to the devastated 
villace next mornma where they 
Btsoonowtotely •tewed thdir demised 
home* end ruefully aut some at the 
furniture straight. 

TTxcco mile* stray at Weldon, the 
effect ol the explosion was *o severe 
that picture* were Sung from the walla 
in one cottage, and in others plaster 
fefi from the ceUlcgs 


District Manager: 


NEAR the totally demolished cottage the remains of an 
other one heighten the “blitx’*-like appearance of lh< 
acene after the explosion. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

^ Google 


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401st Bombardment Group 
December MISSIONS 1943 







































Target * 










Lt. (later Capt.) Kaufman 

— From Stars and Stripes , 12-15-43 

Right : Kaufman receives 
DFC from Col. Bowman 

t Nurses Riddled B17Home 
r Eight of Crew Bail Out 

STATION, Dec. 14— A pilot 
bardier. alone in a crippled 
Fortress atter eight members of their 
crew had bailed on: over enemy territory, 
decided to gamble on getting their ship 
back to England on two engines. They 
won — by an emergency landing on this 
field near the coast — and astounded the 
commanding officer with their tale. 

The bombardier, 2/Lt. Robert C. Fitz- 
gerald, of Chestnut Hill, Mass., had just 
shouted “Bombs away!” when the ship. 
Penny's Thunderhead, was staggered by 
flak. Two engines were knocked out, one 
of them caught fire, and the nose and 
bomb bay door were hit. Three German 
fighters began to close in for the kill. 
The pilot, 2/Lt. Richard H. Kaufman, 

of Antigo, Wis.. wasn't able to bring the 
ship under control and ordered his crew 
to bail out. 

Just as Fitzgerald was about to follow 
his eight crewmates, he heard Kaufman 
yelling to him. “The fire's out in number 
three engine! It‘s started to freeze 
already.” Fitzgerald stepped back from 
the hatch. The German fighters peeled 
off and left, evidently thinking that the 
whole crew had bailed out and the Fort 
was sailing along on automatic control. 

Kaufman and Fitzgerald made a quick 
agreement. Although their ship had lost 
about 10,000 feet and was sinking rapidly, 
they determined they'd gamble their ship 
back to England on two engines. They 
made it. 

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Quotes . . . Emden Mission, 11 December 1943 

Col. Bowman, leader of the raid: "I am completely satisfied with today's 
bombing. We came over the center of the city and despite a smoke screen 
laid down by Jerry our ships managed to unload their bombs ... I think my 
men did a damned good job." 

2nd Lt. Boudinot Stimson: "It was just so much flying time today until those 
rockets started falling. They certainly make a ship get the shudders. It 
didn't stop Flak Rat from getting its bombs away, however." 

Sgt. Paul S. Melia, turret gunner: "Boy, why don't those Germans get wise 
to themselves. They're serving as human targets these days. I count today 
as a wonderful experience — it will get me set for those real tough ones ahead." 

Capt. Carl C. Hinkle, Jr.: "There were countless planes scattered all over 
the area and our bombs must have laid a framework of fires all over the 
city. They laid down a heavy smoke screen, but took such slight offensive 
measures we practically performed a perfect bombing operation." 

Sgt. Hugh W. Chappie, radio operator: " I saw our incendiaries all over 
the target and there were fires starting up as we passed over and started 

2nd Lt. Delbert E. Wong, navigator: "It looked pretty good. It was much 
easier than I anticipated. They didn't show much of a defense. I saw very few 

Sgt. Benjamin Daczkiewicz, waist gunner: "Where's all this flak? I'd like 
to know if I'm being kidded. We could have flown back and forth today with- 
out even catching cold. I liked the nice fires we started — I could sure use one 
in my Nissen Hut." 

Capt. Julius Pickoff, Col. Bowman's bombardier: "Those Germans are going 
to have fried omelet for supper. Our eggs started burning as soon as they 
hit the griddle. Honestly, we blew hell out of them. The center of the town 
must look like the Holland tunnel." 

2nd Lt. Traian Neag, pilot: "Make all mine like this one. It was a day's 
outing. Our incendiaries really found the target. I hope the rest of my 
missions are as easy — and as successful." 

2nd Lt. John L. Malone, navigator: "When those Germans start putting those 
fires out they won't have enough water left to make a good pot of tea. It was 
a swell day's bombing." 

S/Sgt. Earl C. Gibson, top turret gunner: "That flak sounded like rain on the 
roof. I found out today I could crawl all over in that turret — I didn't know 
there was so much room. I was way down under most of the time." 

Capt. Donald C. McCree, pilot: "It was the first time we could see what 
we were aiming at, and it was a good thing. My gunners reported they could 
see the town smoking and that our bombs positively rained on the town. 
Although we were quite successful, it was a relatively quiet raid." 

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Ten happy fliers sit around the interrogation table after completing their 
fifth bombing mission (Kiel) over enemy territory. The five-finger salute is 
self-explanatory, although the fellow on the left looks as though he's waving 
at a top-kick. He's T/Sgt. Warren H. lumper, top turret gunner, and in clock- 
wise direction the others are S/Sgt. Herbert F. Willman, flexible gunner; 
T/Sgt. Robert F. Wagner, radio operator; 2nd Lt. Steven G. Nason, co-pilot; 
Capt. Leon Stann, pilot; Lt. Fred H. Rea, interrogator; 2nd Lt. lack A. Duce, 
navigator; 2nd Lt. Alvin Gould, bombardier; S/Sgt. Clarence H. Biggs, tail 
gunner; Sgt. Eldon E. Leavitt, turret gunner; and S/Sgt. Donald W. Ogbum, 
flexible gunner. 

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. . . And up go the Stars and Stripes 

As the 401st takes over Station 128 

Squadron Leader Edward H. G. Watson 
of the RAF, and Col. Harold W. Bowman 
of the AAF, officiated. 

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"Your flak suit saved you from a nasty 
wound/' Major Earl I. Mulmed, Group Sur- 
geon, tells Sgt. Ernest H. Koon, after the 
Bremen mission. 

"It isn't the wound that worried me — it's the 
place where the wound might have been. 
Can you imagine telling your grandchildren 
you got a Purple Heart for getting hit in 
the V U 

LT. (later Capt.) PIPER 

When the ball turret gunner's electrically- 
heated flying suit wouldn't function, the crew 
of the Fortress piloted by 1st Lt. Harry L. Piper, 
Ir., (above) had to turn back. At the base 
another suit was hastily substituted and the 
fortress was started again on the course to 
Bremen. They caught up with their mates 
over the coast and completed the mission 


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.... Shortly after passing the target of Osnabruck, the "Channel Ex- 
press" piloted by 2nd Lt. Stuart E. Smith was struck by a bomb dropped from 
an American plane 200 feet above. 

The bomb knocked the 
No. 3 engine loose from the 
plane and shattered the land- 
ing gear so severely that one 
of the wheels hung suspended 
from a single rod. Oil and gas 
were spouting from the For- 
tress in such profuse quantities 
that returning ships reported 
to intelligence officers they 
had seen a stream of smoke 
pouring from the crippled 
plane. Lt. Smith gave the order 
to salvo the bombs when 
10,000 feet of altitude had 
been lost in a matter of min- 

In the gathering darkness 
and despite a heavy mist, he 
managed to get over his field, 
and finally Smith saw a flare 
from the control tower through 
the murk. 

Following an exchange of messages which made the exact condition 
of the plane known in the tower, Smith and his crew were ordered to bail 
out. For the next five minutes thousands of people around the countryside 
witnessed the spectacle of the crew, one by one, parachuting to earth. 

They landed in various places, all within a 5-mile radius, and not one of 
the men was injured. 

Some landed at Lovell's workers' camp in Harringsworth. Three other 
lucky ones landed at an ATS camp where they immediately became the 
supper guests of a group of thrilled and delighted maids in uniform (see 
pictures on facing page). 

Smith and his co-pilot landed smack on their own field. They were im- 
mediately whisked away from their admiring buddies and the crowds who 
had gathered for an interrogation by intelligence officers. 

The "Channel Express", guided by automatic pilot, crashed near Pole- 

The men in Smith's crew were his regular "passengers". They were : 2nd 
Lt. Stanslaw Chmura, co-pilot; 2nd Lt. Victor Reese, navigator; 2nd Lt. 
Lewis J. Majewski, bombardier; S/Sgt. Fred E. McCawley, radio operator; 
S/Sgt. Wm. B. Flynn, top-turret gunner; Sgt. Harry G. Parker, tail gunner; 
Sgt. Frank J. Scicchitano, left waist gunner; and S/Sgt. Calvin W. Hopkins, 
right waist gunner. 

Lt. Smith 

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Some of the crew who bailed out of the “Channel Express" landed at 
an ATS camp where they received a hearty welcome. In photo above are 
left to right, front row: Sgt. H. C. Parker, S/Sgt. C. W. Hopkins and A.T.S. 
Sgt. P. Haslam from Brockenhurst, England, who is admiring the fine silk in 
the parachute. Back row, left to right: A.T.S. Company Sgt. Major Walking- 
shaw, from Edinburgh, Scotland, gives S/Sgt. F. E. McCawley some tea. Be- 
hind McCawley is Sgt. L. F. Davies. 

Below: A.T.S. Sgt. J. Connolly from Liverpool, England, gives a cigarette 
to Sgt. J. F. Scicchitano who is standing behind S/Sgt. Wm. B. Flynn. On 
the extreme right is Capt. H. H. Hardesty. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Officers of the Group peer into the skies to count returning planes after a bombing oper- 
ation over Germany. The officers stand on the catwalk of a control tower from where they 
are able to maintain constant radio contact with the planes. 


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24 December 1943 

Lt. Mendelson 

Good weather, good visibility and good results char- 
acterized the mission over Western France on the day before 
Christmas, but members of the crew of one of the Forts knew 
a few anxious moments when three bombs became "hung up" 
after 2nd Lt. Leonard J. Mendelson had pressed the release 
switch over the target. They might have exploded in 15 or 16 
seconds' time, but Mendelson hurriedly kicked at the bombs 
and managed to jar them loose in the nick of time. 

"We owe our lives to his heroism," said 2nd Lt. Gaston 
Fox, the pilot. 

Biggest U.j>. 

Mission Hits 


‘Rocket Area’ 

1,500 Bombers, fighters 
Maid France Without 
A Single Loss^ 

Two thousand Allied warplane^ 
seized* air mastery oVfer* the invasion 
coast of France during the Christmas 
weekend and hammered targets which 
may have been the Nazi’s secret 
rocket gun emplacements. 

The raids, climaxing a five-day 
assault on installations in the German- 
held Pas de Calais area, were carried 
out Friday by some l,-500 bombers 
and fighters of the U*S. Air Forces, and 
more than 500 RAF, Dominion and 
Allied fighters and medium and light 

Not one fighter or bomber was lost 
from the- huge fleet which set up an air 
umbrella over a deep beachhead along 
the closest French coast. Luftwaffe fighter 
planes were unable to get past even the 
outer fringe of the cordon of Allied 
fighters surrounding the bombers, and 
crews in many instances were able to 
make two runs over the targets to insure 

1,300 Forts, Libs, Fighters 
A force of more than 1,300 Flying 
Fortresses, Liberators and American 
fighters made up the heavy artillery of the 
armada., A big formation of Marauders 
also went out, while the RAF sent out 
Mitchells, Bostons and Typhoons to hit 
similar targets, RAF, Dominion and 
Allied fighters covered the medium and 
light bombers. 0 

With good weather favoring the air 
fleet, crews reported precision bombing. 

The assault on the invasion coastline 
targets came only a few hours after RAF 
heavy bombers returned from another 
major raid on Berlin, in which more than 

1.000 tons of bombs were dropped on the 
Nazi capital to bring the total weight of 
bombs on Germany since last May 23 to 

100.000 tons, a weight equal to the total, 
of all bombs dropped on Germany from 
1940 to the spring oTf this year. 

Terror Raid, Says Berlin 
Dispatches from Sweden said that the 
most recent Berlin raid, which once again 
brought from the Nazis charges of 
“terrorism,” had struck most heavily in 
the- industrial southeastern portion of the 
city. Seventeen RAF planes were 
reported missing. 

Friday’s Allied onslaught on targets in 
France was rumored as a “pre-invasion 
blitz” in neutral capitals and in unofficial 
circles in Washington. Authoritative 
observers in England discounted -such 

the last formations of bombers returned 
from the Continent to report the day’s 
targets had been wiped out. Some group 
leaders reported the day’s work was 
among the best jobs of bombing U.S. 
heavy bombers have yet done in this 

For the Marauders, the raids marked 
completion of* almost 600 sorties in five 
days . . 

There were no raids on Christmas itself 

UNk'ERsnT of wuse&w ; 

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returned from a successful bombing operation over Germany. They are awaiting a jeep 
which will take them to the interrogation where they will enjoy "java and sinkers while 
being questioned. 

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The target was Kiel and high excitement was promised for each crew 
leaving England that day, but although the Flying Fortress "Carolyne" never 
reached the target, its crew emerged from the mission with the most gripping 
tale of the day. 

Lt. Col. William Garland, pilot, was flying lead ship in his group when, 
somewhere between Heligoland and the enemy coast, his No. 4 engine caught 

fire. Using his radio, he directed the deputy 
leader to take his place at the head of the 
formation. Meanwhile, he endeavored to bring 
his Fortress under control. 

When the ship started losing altitude. Col. 
Garland gave orders to salvo the bombs. This 
was done, but the bomb bay doors refused 
to close. The added air-resistance slowed the 
Fort down to 135 miles an hour. Realizing that 
an early return to England was imperative, 
the pilot headed for home. 

About 60 miles from the English coast, 
the No. 3 engine went out of control. This 
left engines functioning on only one side of 
the ship. Everything in the plane that could 
be spared was tossed overboard in an effort 
to prevent the loss of altitude that was rapidly 
taking place. 

It was a losing battle and as the ship 
continued to go lower, the SOS signal was 
sounded. About 20 miles off the English coast, 
Col. Garland spotted four small ships. They 
were British minesweepers, and realizing the 
plane had to be ditched, Garland headed in 
their direction. 

Frost on the pilot's window prevented an exact appraisal of the situation 
•but the crew took every precaution possible under the circumstances. Col. 
Garland and Major Malcolm K. Martin, co-pilot, stayed at the controls, and 
the remaining eight members of the crew braced themselves in the radio 
compartment for the crash. 

Garland tried to maneuver the plane into the trough between the 20-foot 
waves, but the sea was so rough and the frost on his window so thick that 
it was impossible to do so. 

The impact was terrific. The deceleration was such that it drove Gar- 
land's head against the instrument panel, where only his flak helmet pre- 
vented injury, and threw two of the crew into the bomb bay compartment. 

Immediately, efforts were made to escape to the dinghies which were 
dropped in the water beside the plane. The angry waves buffeted the Fort 
and the zero temperature made every movement a painful one. 

Water was waist high in the pilot's cabin when Martin and Garland 
crawled onto the wing through a window in their compartment. Other crew 
members were holding on to various parts of the fuselage above the bob- 
bing waters, trying to lower themselves into the three rafts. 

One of the dinghies broke loose from its restraining rope and was im- 
mediately swept out of sight. Two of the crew, a bombardier and a waist 
gunner, were washed overboard by a giant wave which almost submerged 
the plane. Meanwhile, Col. Garland and Major Martin were swept off the 
wing into the icy waters, but were fortunate enough to get washed toward 
one of the dinghies to which they both clung. 

Four of the crew were in this dinghy, and two others, 2nd Lt. Edward P. 
Nolte, navigator, and 2nd Lt. Erie G. Owens, acting tail gunner, managed 
to swim to the other one. 

For almost an hour the eight men managed to survive in the freezing 
waters. The day was the coldest of the year and the sea rougher than it had 
been all winter. 

Two of the British minesweepers then hove into view. They were His 
Majesty's ships, "Monigue Camille" and "Typhoon." Followed an exciting 
interval while the crews of both ships manfully endeavored to fish the half- 
frozen men from the sea. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

All but one of the men were pulled to safety. The waist gunner who 
was washed away was never found. The bombardier was pulled aboard 
but despite tireless efforts at artificial respiration on the part of the British 
sailors, he passed away. 

Two hours later, the minesweepers put into Grimsby with the rescued 
fliers. They were given treatment for exposure and shock at the Naval 

Not one of the eight survivors was any the worse for the experience. In- 
juries were confined to minor scratches and strains. Worst for the men was 
the feeling that they had lost two of their buddies. 

For Lt. Owens the ditching represented his second such experience in 
four days. After the Cognac missions, Owens was one of a crew to bail out 
over England on New Year's Eve. He landed in a tree unhurt. 

"We were lucky," said Col. Garland. "We could have had lots more 
trouble than we encountered, but every man on the crew did exactly what 
he was supposed to do when the time came. 

"The enlisted men, in particular, did a fine job. Lt. Nolte, my navigator, 
stayed at his job under the nose until we were only 100 feet over the water. 

"Lt. Owens was everywhere at once. He supervised the crew when they 
were forced to throw things overboard to lighten the ship, he got them set 
in the radio compartment when we were forced to crash, and he kept up a 
line of chatter and banter throughout that was unbeatable. He's tops. 

"The British sailors on the minesweepers were great to us. They forced 
the last rum they had upon us, they massaged us with hot towels, gave us 
clothes right off their backs, and were directly responsible for getting eight 
of us home safe and sound." 

Major Martin expressed the feelings of the crew about the two men who 
didn't survive: 

"They were in there pitching to the last," he said. "The wave that got 
them was the biggest I've ever seen in my life. 

"The British did a wonderful job recovering the bombardier and trying to 
revive him, but he was gone beyond all hope. They searched unceasingly 
for the other man, but the sea was too angry and the undertow too great for 
anyone to survive alone that day. 

"Col. Garland did a magnificent job at the controls." 

Lt. Owens verified this. "We're all proud of Judy," he said. "He made 
a crash landing back in the States last summer that was a dream, but this 
one tops it." 

In addition to the above named, the other four survivors were: T/Sgt. 
Bert W. Stimmel, radio operator; T/Sgt. Anthony V. Spacek, top turret gun- 
ner; Sgt. Thomas D. McNab, Jr., ball turret gunner; and Sgt. John I. Parratt, 

Lt. Briarton 

Nazis Bombed by Neiv 
6 Magic Feet 9 Technique 

TION. Jan. 5 — Henry Brirton. of 
Jamaica. L.I., N.Y., a Fortress bom- 
bardier. danced a jig five miles up 
over Naziland in order to drop his 
bombs in today's attack on northwest 

The bomb-bay doors jammed and 
several explosives failed to drop, 
although released from the shackles. 

Brirton crawled down into the 
bomb bay. Holding to the sides of 
the bomb rack, he jumped up and 
down until the door jarred open, 
allowing the bombs to fall while the 
plane was still over the target. 

— From "Stars and Stripes" 
6 Jan. '44 

Original from 

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G.I. Backstage Johnnies visit the entertainers after a USO show at the station. 
From left to right in first photo above: Maxine Martin, Sgt. Corke, Penny 
Beaumont, Sgt. Jefferies, Del Ohrell and Sgt. Adams. In photo at bottom of 
page Penny Beaumont is shown at the finale of her dance. "She could teach 
Carl Hubbell something about control," say the boys. 

Original from 


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'tfycUl Oie-THat /4i% 'pttce 

Four-O-First crew members, returning from the mission to Oscherleben, were talking 
in Hollywood terms about the courage and daring of a lone P-51 pilot in and around the 
target area. 

The unidentified Mustang pilot was all by himself when one of the wing formations 
was attacked by a swarm of 30 to 40 German fighters. Instead of turning tail and aban- 
doning the wing in the face of impossible odds, the P-51 pilot sent his plane right into the 
midst of the Jerries. And for the next 20 minutes the Fortress crews were treated to one 
of the greatest exhibitions of sheer courage they have ever witnessed. 

Estimates vary with individuals as to the number of Jerries he shot down before he 
was lost from view. One tail gunner claims he saw him knock out a "positive" six. Others 
say three to five Jerries, but all agree he did a wonderful job. 

"It was a case of one lone American against what seemed to be the entire Luftwaffe," 
said Lt. Col. Allison C. Brooks, who led the Wing the Mustang pilot defended. 

"Singlehanded, against those terrific odds, he covered the Wing all by himself. 

"He was all over the Wing, across and around it, and my gunners tell me he definitely 
shot down two of the enemy fighters while they were watching him. Later, other pilots told 
me they saw him get more. 

"We last saw him chasing a Jerry down through the clouds. His display of skill and 
courage in the face of those odds was magnificient." 

"For sheer determination and guts it was the greatest exhibition I've ever seen. They 
can't give that boy a big enough reward." 

. Lt. Col. Edwin W. Brown, pilot and squadron commander, was equally lavish in his 

"We don't know who he was," said Brown, "but there isn't a one of us who wouldn't 
like to shake his hand. He's my idea of a hero. 

"The sight of him out there, all alone, surrounded by all those Jerries, trading punches 
right and left, is something I'll never forget. 

"His action typified the spirit that is going to knock the Luftwaffe out of the skies." 

It was noted that each crew, upon returning to the home field, was anxious to tell the 
story of the fighter pilot's bravery. One Fortress station in the Midlands, in particular, will 
give him the key to the field, hangars, planes and all, if he ever visits their base . . . 

Digitized by Google 

Original from 

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Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 


a one-man army 

S/Sgt. James R. Hamilton of Georgetown, Ky., a 
Flying Fortress tail gunner, did a day's work in the 
Oschersleben mission which for daring and courage 
rivals the story of Sgt. York in World War. I. 

Sgt. Hamilton's Fortress was attacked by a swarm 
of German fighters in the region of the target. The No. 4 
engine of his plane was hit and knocked out. The prop 
could not be feathered, and the vibration caused the 
Fort to drift to the rear and below their formation. 

The Jerry fighters started to move in for the kill 
and the sergeant's guns started to work. He got one, and 
then came a pause. A 20 mm shell had creased the 
base of Hamilton's skull and pierced the lobe of his 
right ear, knocking him out temporarily. Soon, how- 
ever he was on his feet and blazing away at the Jerries. 

Weak and bleeding, he stuck to his guns. 

The fighters attacked for three solid hours. Hamilton 
got the brunt of the attack because they made most of 
their swipes at the tail. 

"I saw three planes go down and my crew swears he got at least eight and possibly 
10, said the pilot, 1st Lt. Fred D. Grinham. "If he didn't crack at least eight of them we'll 
eat our helmets, earphones and all!" 

In the "Bad Penny", Grinham's Fortress, was another gunner who was hit by a 20 
mm shell. It got him in the right leg and thigh and he, too, stuck to his guns and shot 
down one enemy fighter. He was Sgt. William T. Crimmings, left waist gunner. 

Hamilton later received the Silver Star and Grinham the DFC for their heroism. 

Sgt. Hamilton 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 

He Led Oscherleben Mission 

Major (later Lt. Col.) Brooks 

Leader of the 401st Bomb Group mission to Oscherleben, for which the en- 
tire 1st Air Division won the Distinguished Unit Citation from President Roose- 
velt, was Major Allison C. Brooks, a former pursuit pilot. The target was com- 
pletely wrecked, despite tremendous enemy air superiority, rockets, adverse 
weather and flak. 

Digitized by 

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Other Oscherleben Highlights 


First Lt. Joseph E. Ferdyn of Mexico, N. Y., says all his other missions have been com- 
parative "set-ups" in contrast to his first one over Oscherleben, Germany, for which he 
later wore a Presidential Citation. "We were under fighter attack for more than two hours. 
Our gunners got credit for two destroyed Jerry fighters." The Group turned in 93 claims 
for destroyed, probably destroyed and damaged enemy fighters and 66 were confirmed 
and allowed. 



2nd Lt. George F. Bingham nursed his "Hell's 
Angels" back to England after the mission 
with the rudder hanging useless, ordered 
eight of the crew to bail out and then he and 
his co-pilot, 2nd Lt. Francis W. Hoad landed 
with the plane on automatic pilot, through a 
dense fog. 


About 18 miles from Oscherleben, flak hit 
S/Sgt. Earl L. Koehler, waist gunner, knock- 
ing him unconscious. S/Sgt. James O. Nichols, 
also struck, was able to administer first aid 
and Koehler returned to his guns until the 
IlcjrflJetf “ftyjas/ (7 later received the 

Silver Star. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


Hellmuth, explains the whys and wherefores Col. William T. Seawell stops to talk it over 

of a Flying Fort to WAC Pvt. Mabel F. Powell with Capt. Rufus F. Causey, his navigator, 

and WAC T/Sgt. Alice Forsht. Capt. H. L. after a bombing mission over Germany. 

Piper looks on. 


Pvt. Haydn C. Williams, a guard with the 
1199th M. P. Company, is shown at his post 
on the far end of camp with a tiny visitor 
from the village. She says she helped check 
on German spies. 

Lt. Leonard Mendelson, a bombardier, kicked 
loose some jammed bombs on one mission; 
on the next he had to bail out and landed 
on his head, but escaped injury. Then he got 
a 48-hour pass, went to London in a ”pea 
souper” fog, stepped off a curb directly in 
front of a cab, and landed in the hospital. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

Original from " 

-I - 1 

N 16 HT OUt FER 


It was the job of the weath- 
er department to interpret the 
forecasts and brief the crews 
on weather conditions to be ex- 
pected on the route, at the tar- 
get, and on the route back. 

In charge was Capt. Arthur 
B. Street, Weather Officer, and 
1st Lt. Walter I. Saucier, As- 
sistant Station Weather Officer. 

T/Sgt. Daniel Klinger was 
forecaster and station chief 
and he was assisted by S/Sgt. 
Eugene C. Caven, observer; 
Sgt. Coy S. Bennett, forecast- 
er; Cpl. Kenneth Robbins, ob- 
server; S/Sgt. James E. Schrein- 
er, observer-clerk; Cpl. Joffre 
H. Rogers, observer; and S/Sgt. 
Russell E. Owen, forecaster. 

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14 January 1944 


Lt. Col. Jere Maupin, pilot, playfully pokes his 
navigator, Capt. Walter E. "Skeezix" Haberer, after the 
bombing of Gorenflos, France, along what newsmen call 
the "Rocket Coast." Lt. Col. Malcolm K. Martin, Group 
leader, looks on. Maupin is a former West Point foot- 
ball star. 



Major Julius Pickoff, bom- 
bardier, brings his equip- 
ment back after using it 
to telling advantage on 
the French Rocket Coast. 
He led the Wing in the 

IT WAS ACTING LIKE A YO-YO— 1st Lt. Gaston Fox, pilot, 
explains a particularly breathtaking moment in landing his 
Fort safely after the rudders, elevators and tail had been 
ruined by German flak. Fox landed his plane on the auto- 
matic flight control device after eight of his crew had bailed 
out. Listening to Fox are Capt. Donald G. McCree and Major 
Malcolm K. Martin. 



uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nap:// 

Below: Lt. Fox hears from Capt. Ronald Woodhouse, 
one of the crew who bailed out before Lt. Fox 
landed his plane on automatic pilot. It was the 
second mission for Woodhouse and the second 
time he had been forced to "hit the silk" in order 
to return to England. 



Three colonels discuss January bombing missions of the 
Group. They are Lt. Col. Romig, Col. J. K. Lacey and Col. 
Harold W. Bowman. 


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• • • 

30 January 1944 

January MISSIONS 1944 



4 January 1944 


5 January 1944 


7 January 1944 


11 January 1944 


14 January 1944 


21 January 1944 


29 January 1944 


30 January 1944 








Notre Dame de Ferm 



Back in England after bombing Brunswick, 
these fliers return to a comparatively dull form 
of transportation — the jeep — on their way 
from their Fortress to the interrogation room. 
They are (left to right) Capt. Rufus F. Causey, 
Major Julius Pickoff, Lt. Col. Ralph White, 
(front seat) Major James Egan, Col. Harris 
E. Rogner and Lt. Col. Carl Hinkle. Col. Rog- 
ner led the raid. 

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3 February 1944 

Major Allison C. Brooks congratulates Capt. Delwyn 
Silver on the latter's successfully leading the Group 
in the mission to Wilhelmshaven. 


4 February 1944 

Lt. Col. Wm. T. Seawell and Lt. Col. Allison C. Brooks 
pause for a cup of coffee after the mission to Frank- 
furt during which Brooks led a Wing of Flying 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Crew stands by helplessly as one of their injured 
buddies is carried to ambulance, after Chateauroux 
mission. These men have inured themselves to the 
penalties of battle, but react in the manner of sorrow- 
ing people the world over when one of their com- 
rades "gets it." 

(Below) Here is sad testimony to the trite truism 
that when wars are fought men must bleed and die. 
Such a victim is here shown being carried to an am- 
bulance. Major John H. Burke, chaplain, has just ad- 
ministered final absolution. 

ioi ic uomc 


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• * , k *s^ \ 

• * i 

■' '' 

Original from< 


Lts, Current , Tausig, Althoff, Buchanan 
and Walker 

Wheat Sheaf Pub at Benefield — where 401st 
men put in hours on end drinking "mild and 

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(Left): Capt. Charles C. Henrie, 

Squadron Surgeon, leads a wounded 
gunner to an ambulance after a bomb- 
ing mission to Germany. The gunner, 
blood-smeared and wearing a head 
bandage that was hurriedly prepared 
during the flight, smokes a cigarette 
with an air that seems to say, "It's all 
part of the day's work." 

(Right): Col. Harold W. Bowman 
(left), congratulates Lt. Col. Harris E. 
Rogner, on the latter's assignment to 
a higher echelon after having served 
with distinction in the 401st Group. 

(Left): There are no redcaps to carry 
the impedimenta for the crews at a 
bombing station. It is one job they 
don't mind, however, and they lug 
their parachutes, flying clothes, etc., 
happy in the, thought they have chalk- 
ed up another one against Adolf. 

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MAJ. CHAPMAN COL. SILVER (facing camera) 


The story of a crippled B-17 hedge-hopping from Leipzig all the way 
back to England was unfolded when Major Alvah H. Chapman, pilot, landed 
his Fortress safely at home base. 

The Fort was nearing the target when a swarm of ME- 109s attacked it. 

The No. 3 engine was shot away, crankshaft broken, and the prop looked as 
though it would go flying off at any minute. A blade on the No. 4 prop was 
tom off, and the throttle controls rendered useless. The brakes and flaps also 
took a severe splintering. 

Two ME- 109s moved in for the kill, thinking the Fortress was now a 
dead duck. In an effort to throw them off the trail, Capt. Delwyn Silver, co- 
pilot and deputy group leader, ordered the plane put into a spiral earthward 
in an attempt to mislead the Jerry fighters into belief the Fortress was crash- 

The Germans clung to the pursuit, however, and tailed the damaged 
giant in its flight downward, blazing away with everything they had. T/Sgt. 

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George S. Wilson, top turret gunner, sent a burst at them and the rest of the 
crew of the "Battling Betty" report that one of the German planes burst into 
pieces, its pilot hurled out of the ship. 

"We saw him thrown clear out of the plane," said Sgt. Michael G. 
Brennan, "and he wasn't opening any parachute either. That plane was 
really blown to bits." 

Capt. Silver reports that the other Jerry peeled off then — the going looked 
too rough. By this time the "Battling Betty" was down to an altitude of 2,000 

The Fortress was now all by its ownsome, deep in the heart of enemy 
territory. There were no friendly fighters in sight, and Capt. Silver realized 
that if they climbed higher in the badly damaged plane the German fighters 
thousands of feet above would make mincemeat out of them. 

They turned in the direction of home and continued to fly at the 2,000- 
foot level. 

"We could see the German countryside below us just as if we were 
touring Festung Europe in a sightseeing bus, only there wasn't any fun 
attached to it. We expected enemy fighters on the entire trip back. 

"Chapman did a magnificent job of flying us and he was forced to bear 
down every foot of the way. We flew around every sizeable village we 
came to, because we knew their flak would get us if their fighters didn't. This 
made the flight a zigzag affair, and we sweated out our fuel tanks all the way 
back — Leipzig is a helluva way from Britain." 

They flew on a zigzag line for Amsterdam and it was in the vicinity of 
that city that one last enemy fighter made a last pass at them. He was 
beaten off when the Fortress turned the full strength of its guns against him. 
They crossed the channel and landed safely. 

Pictures of the damaged plane show the terrific struggle the "Battling 
Betty" must have experienced. Observers could hardly believe that the 
riddled ship would have made the long voyage home. The fuselage looked 
like a lace curtain and, crowning point of all, was a large section of the 
ME- 109 prop which had become wedged in one of the gun emplacements. 

Original from 

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Henry Day was Field 
Director , Mrs . Helen 
Smith Miller, direc- 
tor, and Miss Lois 
Murphy, assistant 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

(Left): S/Sgt. P. W. Keller, Jr., a waist 
gunner, examines flak damage which 
occurred over Leipzig. Armor plating 
on the inside of the Fortress is all that 
saved the sergeant. 

munde, Augsburg, Leipzig and Cheinfurt, 
didn't seem to bother 1st Lt. Frank P. Ball, 
pilot. He is shown nibbling a cookie just after 
the last of the four missions. 

Lt. James M. Kane, navigator, unloads S/Sgt. Joseph A. Kirndc, waist gunner, sights 

his equipment on returning from his 50<:al|ibp^ p^V-pritgr iqke-off . on a mis- 

Scheinfurt. ^ sion to Germany. 1 * k L ~ J 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


or war 


Original from' 


H. Burke, 

ey go to- 
> that the 
und three 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// 

THE BONNIE DONNIE, two missions later and nose 
down DISCHARGES her crew in a hurry after a belly 
landing made after flak over Cologne had damaged 
the landing gear. No explosion occurred and no one 
was hurt, although the steel Fortress hit the concrete 
runways at 105 miles an hour. Capt. Donald A. Currie, 
pilot, had jettisoned his ball turret prior to landing, 
a piece of caution which undoubtedly saved the plane 
from being broken in half at the point of contact. 

THE BONNIE DONNIE, nose up, poses with her crew 
after the Frankfurt mission. They are Capt. Robert L. 
Stelzer, pilot; 2nd Lt. Wendell T. Johnson, co-pilot; 
2nd Lt. Herbert L. Hobbs, navigator; 2nd Lt. Robert 
Warren, bombardier; T/Sgt. Donald A. Hecker, radio 
operator; T/Sgt. lesse O. Pack, top turret gunner; 
S/Sgt. James P. Black, ball turret gunner; S/Sgt. John 
H. Nicely, tail gunner; S/Sgt. Edward J. Rice, waist 
gunner; and S/Sgt. Thomas H. Holland, waist gunner. 

THIS IS HOW the Bonnie Donnie looked after being 
set down on her belly. Rains and snow had mired the 
ground on adjacent turf so that a glide landing there 
would have been impossible. Crew members included 
2nd Lt. Clayton A. Johnson, co-pilot; 2nd Lt. Morey 

B. Jeffery, navigator; 2nd Lt. Roy R. Winn, bombardier; 
T/Sgt. Cosimo A. Di Pierro, radio operator; Sgt. Earl 

C. Gipson, top turret; S/Sgt. Cecil L. Graf, ball turret; 
S/Sgt. Walter A. Surprise, tail gunner; S/Sgt. Marvel 
T. Severson, waist gunner; and S/Sgt. Joe R. Amber, 
waist gunner. 

Capt. Currie receives the congratulations of Col. Bow- 
man after the successful emergency landing. His 
Operations Officer, Lt. Col. William Garland, stands 
at the left. 

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25 February 1944 




3 FebTOIry 1944 

4 February 1944 
4 5 February 1944 

6 February 1944 



20 February 1944 

21 February 1944 

22 February 1944 

24 February 1944 

25 February 1944 


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Hundreds Flew Out:' 

1 Fighter Missing 

IJUNDREDS of American bombers 

streamed across Germany to Herlk^ , ^^ |J!I^ 
yesterday unopposed by f*0? 

cir> was heavily bombed^^i^^^\_ 

Americans of ei^ht jte? 
and a fighter. y\ t 



60.000 Bombs on Berlin 

leavies Rain 

fin Fuclorv District 

( . 5 . Bomba Strike a 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp://www.n 


Lt. Frank Fraoli, navigator, FIRST CREW TO RETURN pose with their plane "Fool's Luck", 

describes an exciting moment Ten tired ' battle-strained young men, they are: (left to right) 

in the recent mission to Berlin. back row, T/Sgt. Jesse H. Lehr, radio operator; S/Sgt. Pete 

Listening intently is Lt. Col. D. Henderson, waist gunner; 1st Lt. Donald M. Anderson, 

Jere Maupin, pilot. bombardier; Capt. Jere Maupin, co-pilot; 1st Lt. Robert J. 

Ramsey, tail gunner; front row, T/Sgt. John O. Farmer, ball 
turret gunner; S/Sgt. Burton A, Mcrkle, waist gunner; T/Sgt. 

Fmo" U Fmnk * 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

s/UNiCA i IOI oO i • Jl 

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READY WITH MORE BRUISES FOR BERLIN— A 1000-pound bomb, a belt of 50-caliber shells, 
and seven determined armorers. Left to right: Sgt. Floyd Harvey, Sgt. Herbert F. Lowes, 
Cpl. Edward F. Lemke, Pfc. Joseph R. McHugh, S/Sgt. James R. Moore, S/Sgt. Earl J. 
Morris and Sgt. Earl M. Bovsum. 

























































Landesberg Am Lech 









































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Captain William M. Rumsey and 
some of his crew. Reading left to 
right (top) they are, 1st Lt. Michael 
R. Walsh, navigator; Capt. William 
M. Rumsey, pilot; T/Sgt. Donald B. 
Roberts, top turret gunner; Lt. Col. 
White, co-pilot; (bottom row), 1st 
Lt. Harold S. Arnold, bombardier; 
T/Sgt. William W. Carter, radio 
operator; S/Sgt. Irving I. Lieberman, 
ball turret gunner; and S/Sgt. Ivan 
R. Lee, waist gunner. 


The flying fatigue of a long mission 
appears self-evident on the faces of 
these officers of a Fortress group as 
they prepare to leave for the Inter- 
rogation room. They are Capt. Wal- 
ter E. Haberer, navigator; Capt. 
James F. Goodman, pilot; Lt. Donald 
M. Anderson, bombardier; and Maj- 
or Donald G. McCree, co-pilot. 

Lt. Carl C. Hinkle, a recent Group 
leader of a Fortress Group to 
Southern Germany, is shown talking 
over the day's operation with Lt. 
Col. Clayton A. Scott (sitting) and 
Col. Harold W. Bowman. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


(fatlaH&uf *)k rfcttaH-" 

For gallantry in action while 
on a bombing mission over 
Germany January 29 (Frank- 
furt), T/Sgt. Thomas Urmson, 
a top turret gunner, was award- 
ed the Silver Star. Wounded 
and knocked unconscious, he 
later revived, returned to his 
guns and fought off enemy 
attacks for an hour and a half. 
He destroyed one enemy air- 
craft and was instrumental in 
diverting several others. 

T/Sgt. Urmson 

S/Sgt. Edward J. Phillips, a tail gunner, 
was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in 
action while on the bombing mission to 
Oschersleben February 22, 1944. Shortly after 
the bombing run, a bursting flak shell shat- 
tered a window in the tail turret, fragments 
of which severely wounded Sergeant Phillips. 
Recovering from the initial shock of the blast, 
he found his aircraft being viciously attacked 
by enemy fighters. In spite of wounds, Ser- 
geant Phillips remained at his guns and con- 
tinued to fight off the assaults. It was not until 
the pilot ordered him to leave his guns that 
he consented to receive first-aid treatment. 

i c| i I 1 1 fro i13/Sgt. Phillips 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

Captain George Gould was awarded ™ . XI - i. i r% c 

the Soldier's Medal for heroism dis- ?/Sgt. Nidiolas D. Schoenberger is congratulated by his pilot, 

played when a plane crashed and Lt ‘ D ° n T ald E ‘ Jones after completing 30 bombing missions 

burst into flames with nine men over Nazi-occupied Europe T/Sgt. Schoenberger, a radio 

aboard. Captain Gould, assisted by two operator, was the first in the 401st Group to complete his tour, 

other men, managed to drag seven of 
the occupants to safety. 

Duffy *8 Tavern 

The Royal ton 
44 Y/est 44th St, 
New York, N. Y. 

Feb. 17, 1944 

The Crew of "Duffy* s Tavern" 

Somewhere in England 

Dear Guya : 

I don't know hov/ much kick you guya get out of 
listening to "Duffy* a Tavern" on the radio, but 
believe ne It la infltlamal compared with the 
belt we got out of having the fortresa named 
after ua. 

Right before we atarted writing thla letter we 
were looking at ycur letter and Abe Burrowa, 
who writea the -rogrsm with ne, and I were saying 
"This la a hell of a thing. It's things like 
this that reallv give you a belt out of the 
radio b siness . 1 

And believe me it is. To guys like ua, having 
a fortresa named after ua lc real glamor. .e 
would much rather have the "Dufay's Tavern" 
label on a Flying Fortress than we would have 
it tatooed on Veronica Lake's left bazoom. 

Anyways, fellows, good luck to you, and rest 
assured that Duffy and me and the ~ang will be 
boning the candle for you. 

All our love 


. Original from „ , 

mf?mm t^mm Tavern " turn page 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

14 April '44 


Edw. F. Gardner (Duffy's Tavern) 
The Royalton 
44 West 44th Street, 

New York City 

Hello Duffy — 

Archie speaking. I got some bad news for you. Duff. Me and the boys was on a bomb- 
ing mission to Germany the other A.M. and, naturally, we flies our favorite B-17, "Duf- 
fy's Tavern", — the Flying Fortress the krautheads just can't find a shell big enough to 
knock down. 

Well, Duffy, leave us face the facts. Them bums musta had Carl Hubbell shucking for 
them, because the first thing we know we're over Hannover, Germany, and some char- 
acter down on the ground is throwing flak up at us faster than you can say: "Miss Duffy, 
take a powder." 

Things is coming thick and fast. I figure they can't do this to the "Tavern", but every 
time I take a look-see there's another flak hole in the joint. The fuselage starts showing 
daylight where daylight ain't supposed to show, and there's enough Nazi lead lying on 
the floor of the plane to build another tier at Ebbetts Field. 

I'm practically convicted this flying game ain't safe when I happen to look over to 
my left and I notice my No. 3 engine is conspishus by its absence. 

That ain't good, Duff. When those heinies take to shooting engines away you know it 
ain't marshmallows they're firing up at you. 

"Duffy's Tavern" is by this time looking like the target in a dart game, and she's 
starting to wabble like a Giant pitcher in the late innings. 

It's dubitous whether we can make it home or not, but we ain't anxious to let those 
Jerries know they got "Duffy's" number, so back we come. Besides, we're liable to get a 
trifle bruised if we remain in the visinnity. 

The trip back was like a ride on a Coney Island greyhound. Now I know how the 
little guy feels in an ackrobatic act. We was tossed and knocked around a little bit more 
than a lot. 

As a parting shot the soreheads fired another burst, and my bombardier, Lt. Johnny 
Brown, yells, "Don't look now, Archia, but our landing gear is hanging by a w.k. thread." 
That's Brownie, always the mountainbank. 

Well, Duff, leave us not go into the gruesly details. Oil was spouting from our two 
bum engines like Ruppert's at your joint after a Sunday doubleheader. But me and the 
boys finely made it. 

We didn't know whether the landing gear would support us when we hit the runway, 
but ;he steel in it must have been excavated from some Giant fan's head because we 
didn't crash. We were sweating, though, Duff. 

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Some character took a picture of me standing beside the plane, and that sour puss 
you see is Yours Truly after I saw what they done to our pride and joy. That's a flak 
hole over my head. The other picture shows what happened to our No. 3 engine. That's 
Sgt. E. C. Gehrung, one of our ground crew, looking at the wreckage. 

Don't take this too hardly, Duff ol' boy, because I am informed on reliabel authority 
that there's another shiny Fortress on the way on which my c.o. is going to have painted 
in even bigger letters, the name "Duffy's Tavern." 


"Archie" was 1st Lt. James R. Locher, Jr., pilot who nursed "Duffy's Tavern" back to 
England after a burst of flak over Hannover which almost tore off the prop of the No. 3 
engine, ripped off the cowling and threw it against the No. 4 engine. In addition, the hor- 
izontal stabilizers were knocked awry and holes were torn in the side of the plane. A sec- 
ond burst of flak hit the belly of the Fort, forcing the landing gear down. Finally arriving 
back at home base, the worst was not yet over. The slow pace at which the plane was 
traveling threatened to make her "stall out" as she came in for a landing and the damaged 
landing gear presented the problem of whether the "Tavern" would pancake in the land- 
ing. Lt. Locher guided the ship into the runway, and as pieces of the struts fell onto the 
runway, he brought her to a safe stop. He cut the switches dead, and as he did so, the 
No. 3 prop dropped to the concrete. The plane was covered from nose to tail with a thick 
coating of oil from the spouting engines. As the props started to subside, his horizontal 
stabilizer joined the No. 3 prop on the concrete. 

The crew in addition to Locher, were: 2nd Lt. Don C. Pruitt, co-pilot; 1st Lt. Fred D. 
Duguette, navigator; 1st Lt. John F. Brown, navigator; T/Sgt. Otho H. Brady, radio operator; 
T/Sgt. George L. Kennedy, top turret gunner; S/Sgt. Frank G. Dewitt, ball turret gunner; 
S/Sgt. Clark G. Merrill, tail gunner; S/Sgt. John C. Klimen and S/Sgt. Harold H. Domm 
waist gunner. 




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SGT. CHARLES R. WARBLE helps Lt. John 


Evans, navigator, don his parachute, flak suit, 

Mae West, etc. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


Pianist and Navigator 


Original from 


SNODGRASS, famous dummy who toured the Spam circuit, 
is shown in distinguished company: Col. Jules K. Lacey, Wing 
Commander; Major General Robert B. Williams, First Bomb. 
Division; Snodgrass; and Col. Harold W. Bowman, Group 
Commander. Occasion was anniversary party marking of 
first year for the 401st Bombardment Group. 

F: Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 





Le Grismont 
Berlin . p 
Lyon/Bron ^ 









ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT WILLIAMS, Commanding Officer, First Air Division, pins the 
Silver Star on Col. Harold W. Bowman who led an eminently successful mission to Leipzig 
and despite heavy flak, enemy fighter opposition and a damaged aircraft, led his B-17 s 
over the assigned objective with excellent bombing results. 

Back from the 12-hour haul to Marienburg, 1st Lt. Boudinot Stimson, nephew of the ( for- 
mer ) Secretary of War, poses with his crew. They are ( front row) left to right, 1st Lt. 
Jack L. Pfaffman, bombardier; 1st Lt. Stimson; 1st Lt. John E. O'Neal, Jr., navigator; 2nd 
Lt. Robert H. Timberlake, co-pilot; (back row), S/Sgt. Alfred Lesage, tail gunner; Cpl. 
Andrew L. Allen, waist gunner; Cpl. Paul J. Amos, waist gunner; T/Sgt. Karl E. Kukurin, 
top turret gunner; S/Sgt. Paul S. Melia, ball turret gunner; and T/Sgt, Carmon L. Mancuso, 
radio operator. Note — This crew was shot down f|OL|r , ,dgy s- late* , fWV a-,p^sion to Schwein- 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

mrm ( ■ & 

♦, U< ||| 

T'<\* 1 iP' 1 ' I- 

/* 'iv 

Yr *♦# i _ .v 

Yi ' ■ y v ' V v 



f” vr > 



Original from 

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MORE D. F. C.'s 


. . . /or extraordinary achievement, ... for Oschersleben Mission 

20 missions 

Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 


Left to right are 1st Lt. Alex- 
ander Stokes, co-pilot; 1st Lt. 
Eugene F. Lott, bombardier; 
1st Lt. Donald Verne McCol- 
lum, intelligence observer; and 
Capt. Scribner Dailey, pilot. 

T/Sgt. Steward F. Hall (right 
in photo), shown with War- 
rant Officer Henry P. Vander- 
hoef, assistant Group engineer- 
ing Officer. T/Sgt. Hall's job, 
which he called "glorified 
trouble shooting" consisted of 
inspecting turrets and guns. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup://^pa-googie 

Cpl. C. A. Richardson ex- 
amines a hole made by Ger- 
man flak on a mission over 

Original from 


ir ® 

, 1 ilv 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 

igin^l fi 

Capt. Irish 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 



Flight Lieutenant Richard 
Jennings, Flight Lieutenant R. 

USAAF soldiers enjoyed op- 
portunity of inspecting the 

C. Chopping, Major Edwin 
Brown and Lt. Col. B. K. Voor- 
hees examine the Lancaster 
which Chopping flew to the 
401st Base. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// 

401st Leaves Some More Calling Cards 

BERLIN . . . 

. . 7 and 8 May 1944 

Lt. D. H. McKinnon 

Lt. D. C. Knight 

(Left) Lt. F. M. Tayloh 

... he had to hedgehop bad 
31 ' At 50-150 feet, but he made if 

1 1 y ERsiffy of wiisco nsun 




I I 

4| ; fjjj 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


• • • 

9 May 1944 




ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

COULD WALK ON IT'" report 
these fliers after Leipzig mis- 
sion. They are 1st Lt. Charles 
W. Keeling, pilot; 1st Lt. Don- 
ald F. Frazier, co-pilot; 1st Lt. 
Irving Woliver, navigator; and 
1st Lt. John H. Jardine, bom- 


James Goodman, pilot; Capt. 
Horace Wood, navigator; 1st 
Lt. Roy R. Winn, bombardier; 
and Lt. Col. Allison C. Brooks, 
air commander. 

Digitized by 


Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

This man, a pilot, was hit in the leg by a piece of 
flak over Kiel. He was given first aid treatment by 
crew mates, and the "medics" took over as soon as 
the plane landed. 



Hi zed 


Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nitp:// 

Lt. Fitchett and Crew 

The Puj. Riel. Companti 



Pilot, 1st Lt. Lawrence E. Fitchett 
Co-pilot, 2nd Lt. Bruce M. Campbell 
Navigator, 1st Lt. W. Pfeiffer 
Bombardier, 1st Lt. Luis T. Sanchez 
Radio Operator, S/Sgt. Max H. Bergener 
Top turret gunner, S/Sgt. Bert Parslee 
Ball turret gunner, S/Sgt. Louis M. Sassi 
Tail gunner, S/Sgt. Robert V. Kerr 
Flexible gunner, S/Sgt. Ralph A. Hannaburg 
Flexible gunner, S/Sgt. Harold J. Kelsen 

Lt. L. V. PT.lff.r 
0-8 I 0» 7 3 

•13th Sg. «Ollt Boob. Or*. 
AM) 337, c /. Nilmur 

Oobr Lt. fftlfftn 

Aho.t t«n 4 »y» » go Hr. Millar, whe li In of oor print- 

ing daparlnant ter., told no mot g frland of hit, oho it In 
England, ted -Titian and told Iter, m a boater In Corepa 
naa.d af tar «r*o fitch radio program. tel ha did not toy loot 
•hat tte tete tea. Mat oral ly. oaatead that aonaona. or par- 

hapt a Pouter cra», ted nanad tte b outer "Tha fitch Bandte n" 
and yo«r lalt.r cf May 7, vrlttan 'Son.-ter. In England' cc. - 
firm our oaaunpllon. 

•a tera m*ly plaoaad to nova your la t tor .|th tte photograph* 
and alao to hawo t ha na«a of lha boyt on tha boubar. Th. 
plclurat aro wary g>ad and yo. nay ha aaa«rad tte t thay will ba 
placad In oor ^rraaaal f l laa. 

•a car tal nl \ teold I lha ta tand aach of yoa a pachaga, hot In- 
aateeh at «a ara not parulltad to nail pockagua ov.r.a.a -|th- 
o«t a r agonal froo lha boya, -a ara unob la to do th|a. Jf 
yoo boya -III -rite a latlar and tall »a «tet you te«ld Ilka ta 
hava In c»r Una af prodocta aoch aa Steopoc. Shaving Crate 
(althar br«ah or no-broth). Tonic or any 1 1 an In oor lino, -a 
•III ba onlj toe nappy to aand yo« a packaga. 

I night aay that li 
Utchatta rani ly, i 
laa-andanla look If 

a f I tchla I 

d. a *andant a look tte nana of riteh and toaa avan took lha rant 
of finch. Tte Invantor af tte flral ataasboai tea Cap*. John 

, -No daacaridad fri 
daacankant, *aa Dr. Luc 
Hartford, Ccnnactlcal li 

at Hanry Caray fll 

a^ar for Victory 

Plane's record, as of May 31, 1944: 

Seventeen heavy bombardment missions to 
enemy-occupied Europe with not a turn-back 
due to mechanical difficulties. 

TNanht for your latlar and tte plrturaa, Lt. fralffar. ballava 
na, -a ara all palling for all of yoo boya and our dnllru orgoni 
tat Ion la bock of ovoryono of you. 

Vltn klndoat poraonal rogarda to you and tha anttra era*. 

f.S.i By tha uay, tte atarty on th. back of tha plctur.a rood.: 
"Approved Sueur 1 1 Offlc., OBbbO, Hot for Publication.* 
«M1. -« raallaa cannot ua. thaa. In .>r of cur publl- 

tteru ta probably a log kapt of th. "fitch i..rvd-Ojon" 
ovar Curopu and anytln. during tte ter that yn i -un aund 
ua tete about tha Mtch Oand-agon, -• -III certainly 
appr.c lata It. Thla no. got b« poaalbl*. but for foal 
•tar planning. It tteru la a«N a log being, and I 
hop. thara la on, te -Quid Ilka vary *\K> tc have It. 

*r It a to na. Lt. ffalfrar. I -t>«ld Ilka to tear furtter 
froa you In thla ragard. 

Original from 




ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


• • • 

12 May 1944 


May MISSIONS 1944 

M/Sgt. Older 

With a dead tail-gunner and a wounded 
navigator aboard after the Merseburg mission, 
M/Sgt. Harold K. Older saved the day for the 
rest of the crew. 

Back over England the pilot, 1st Lt. James 
C. Sharp, thought he would have to land by 
automatic pilot, since the rudder controls had 
been damaged. 

But M/Sgt. Older, an army man since 
1936 and experienced in mechanical matters, 
told the pilot to keep circling. Taking an ordi- 
nary ammunition belt he made a makeshift 
cable and succeeded in joining the shot-up 
cables. Then, with the fuel at a dangerously 
low level, the plane came in for a perfect 

1 May 
4 May 

7 May 

8 May 

9 May 

11 May 

12 May. 

13 May 

19 May 

20 May 

22 May 

23 May 

24 May 

25 May 

27 May 

28 May 

29 May 

30 May 

31 May 




















No. Target 

62 Siracourt 

63 Bergen/ Alkmaar 

64 Berlin 

65 Berlin 

66 Luxembourg 

67 Konz Karthaus 

68 Merseburg 

69 Stettin 

70 Kiel 

71 Villacoublay 

72 Kiel 

73 Bayon 

74 Berlin 

75 Fecamp/Metz 

76 Ludwigshaven 

77 Dessau 

78 Sorau 

79 Oschersleben 

80 Luxeuil 

S/Sgt. Hamilton 

S/Sgt. James R. Hamilton, who was 
awarded the Silver Star for setting a B-17 
record for enemy fighters downed in the Jan- 
uary Oschersleben mission says "Dessau was 
worse . . . ME-210's swarmed all over us. All 
you could do was fire at the pack and hope 
for the best. They attacked for over an hour." 

Original from 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


Like ballads and Bing, base- 
ball and the Babe, billiards 
and Brunswick-Balke, ballets 
and Baranova, and brandy and 
Benedictine, these two B-17 
fliers go together. 

Major Arnold Kuenning (left), 
bombardier, and Capt. Rufus 
F. Causey, navigator, are 
shown after completing eigh- 
teen missions to German-oc- 
cupied territory. Inseparable 
on the ground and in the air, 
they typify the spirit of team- 
work mainly responsible for the 
destruction of the Jerries. 

Capt. Kuenning and Capt. Causey 

Lt. Duquette 

'Tor extraordinary achieve- 
ment ... on twenty-five bom- 
bardment missions over enemy 
occupied Europe . . . another 
Oak Leaf cluster for Lt. F. D. 
Duquette." His air medal was 
awarded for his outstanding 
performance on a mission over 
Germany April 18, 1944, and 
this was the fourth cluster. 

S/Sgt. Seaton 

Handling his guns tenderly, for they may mean 
the difference between life and death, is S/Sgt. Clar- 
ence H. Seaton, gunner and togglier. Photo was made 
after his return from the mission which battered Le 
Bourget airdrome, June 14, 1944. 

Original from 


Lt. Shaw and Crew 

' *** :cM 

With the No. 3 and No. 4 engines smoking badly, Lt. Shaws 
Fort leaves formation after bombing mission over PolitV 

Original from 


Digitized by Google 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


6 June 1944 

• ( 4 " 

k .v, 

it r 7 hV. ‘ ; • i i • ' - 48 

* W 

June MISSIONS 1944 
Date No. 

2 June 
3. June 
4 June 
6 June 

6 June 

7 June 

10 June 

11 June 

12 June 
14 June 

17 June 

18 June 

19 June 


1944 81 Equihen 

1944 82 Neufchatel 

1944 83 Massey /Palaiseau 

1944 84 Ver-Sur-Mer/Mont-Fleury 

1944 85 Caen 

1944 86 Falaise 

1944 87 Gael 

1944 88 Bemay/St. Martin 
1944 89 Vitry-En-Artois 
1944 90 Le Bourget 
1944 91 Monchy /Breton 
1944 92 Hamburg 
1944.^.93 Bordeaux/Merignac 
1944 94 Hamburg 
1944 95 Hazebrouck 
96 Berlin 
)7 Ffevent 
98 Fiehlriilers 






; w.. c 

1 ^ U ! 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Gen. Kuter, Gen. Williams, Col. Bowman 

(Right) Gen. Williams, 
Lt. Spencer 
Gen. Kuter and 
Col. Bowman 

(Below) Lt. Spencer 





How would you treat a guy who's risked 
his own neck to save your life and that of 
many of your buddies? 

These photos show how the 401's paid 
tribute to a young second lieutenant, green in 
the ETO and green in combat, who single- 
handedly shot down four German fighters, 
queuing up to attack the Group's formation 
on its return from a mission to Sorau, Ger- 
many May 29th. He is Lt. Dale Spencer, Mus- 
tang pilot extraordinary. 

Among his eager audience were Major 
Generals Laurence S. Kuter and Robert B. 

Original from 

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LT. COL. A. C. BROOKS, Commander 


Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

This is the way IT happened at a For- 
tress base in England: 

The men filed into the Briefing Room 
around midnight. They were a noisy crowd. 
It was the announcement over the public-ad- 
dress a few hours earlier that was responsible 
for the tingle of excitement that ran through the 
group as they came bustling through the one 
big doorway. Each man had heard it: "All 
military personnel on the field — All military 
personnel on the field. You will immediately 
don gas mask and tin helmet. You will carry 
a weapon with you at all times. That is all." 

This had set the rumors flying. Cliches 
like "This is it!". "This is the Big Show!", etc., 
filled the night. Cynics, slightly fed up with 
the months-on-end false alarms, the reams of 
copy in London papers about a D-Day that 
never seemed to come off, and the dry runs 
that had been made repeatedly in the past 
few weeks, scoffed at the wild talk. "This is 
another one of them Pas de Calais jobs," 
said one G.I., a waist gunner, whose disgust 
was caused by the fact that a half-hour earlier 
he had been back in his Nissen hut sawing 

Outside an almost full moon was playing 
tricks with the English countryside. Darting 
through fleecy cloud formations, it flooded the 
fields and farmlands with a light that rivaled 
the day's. Then, without warning, it dipped into 
the clouds and the whole scene was covered 
over so that even the silvered Fortresss on the 
runways were only black globs in the gloom. 

There were more fliers in the Briefing 
Room that night than had ever been there 
before. This made the fight for seats a merry 
one. Not all of the men were able to find a 
place on the benches, and they choked the 
aisles. Some of them sat on the hard concrete 
floors, and the rest lazed against the walls, 
brushing against the Intelligence posters which 
practically shouted: "Know How To Tell A 
Friendly Plane From A Foe!" or "A Slip Of 
The Lip Sinks Ships!" 

Most of them strained, trying to pierce 
the canvas sheet that covered the big target 
map in the front of the room. Behind the 
canvas was the story. The buzzing increased 
with the speculation until it finally became 
necessary to shout to make yourself heard in 
the din. 

Then someone shouted: "Ateen-shun!" 

and the noise subsided. The men were all on 
their feet. The C.O. came through the door 
and gave the order: "Rest." As they returned 
to their seats he walked slowly to the front 
of the room. 

He exchanged pleasantries with the 
squadron commanders who filled the canvas 
chairs in the front row. Then he gave the sign, 
the canvas sheet was rolled up, and there 
in full view of everyone was the map, the 
routes to and from the target marked off with 
colored tape. 

A sound of disappointment and delight 
was the mixed reaction from the audience. 
Some were sure it was "another of them Pas 
De Calais jobs" and some were equally sure 
that it was the Invasion. None of them knew. 

The C.O., Col. Harold W. Bowman, a flier 
himself, knew how it was with things like 
that. He smiled a little and waited for the 
noise to die down. Then he raised his hand 
and all was quiet. 

He spoke in a quiet, gentle tone of voice. 
There was none of the "Stiff upper lip" or 
football dressing-room bathes in his tone as 
he talked. He knew that the facts were dra- 
matic in themselves and he worked on that 

"Gentlemen," he said, "remember the 
date — June 6th, 1944. Remember it, because 
years from now vour grandchildren will prob- 
ably be asking you all about it." 

impact of his words had not yet reached the 
men, and he added: "This is D-Day." 

It was all so simple as that. 

Instantly the quiet of the room was shat- 
tered with the sound of men awakening to a 
realization that the Day of Days was at hand. 
They yelled like wild men, they laughed and 
they roared. They sprang to their feet as of 
one huge body, and they pummelled one an- 
other as they yelled, and laughed, and roared. 

The Colonel began talking again. He told 
them things they knew about — how they had 
trained themselves for this moment, how their 
folks at home were banking on them and how 
history would be made and a world saved if 
they did their jobs. He refused to cheapen the 
moment with melodrama or flag waving, and 
then, after wishing them luck, he sat down. 

An operations officer arose and called 
the roll of pilots. As each name was called, 
the pilot answered "Here." Down through the 
roster he went: "Toussaint" — "Dailey" — 
"Wells" — "Campbell" — "Ochsenhirt" — 
"Fox" — "Lipka" — "Gillespie" — the list 
sounded like a League of Nations. Finally the 
end was reached. All were present. 

The Intelligence officer then ran through 
the target information for them. He told them 
where they could expect to get flak, where 
they would be likely to encounter enemy 
fighters, the distinctive markings to be used 
on friendly fighter planes and ships, and the 
methods they would use to avoid capture if 
downed, etc. 

Next came the weather man, "Stormy," 
as the boys called him. He had all the dope 
figured out for them and he provided them 
with right-off-the-griddle news on where the 
elements were liable to play them tricks and 
where they might expect something resem- 
bling CAVU. 

The men were restless now. They were 
anxious to get going. Outside the roar of the 
planes' engines could be heard warming up 
on the runways. In rapid succession came a 
"time tick" from the head navigator by which 
all set their wrist watches and chronometers. 
Following this came some advice from the 
communications officer about which of the 
radio channels to use, coupled with a warning 
for all to observe radio silence wherever pos- 

The last to be heard from was the air 
commander who was flying in the lead ship. 
A little fellow, he looked like a Rockne quar- 
terback as he stood there giving them their 
final instructions. He had a '45 strapped to a 
shoulder holster and he barked his orders out 
to them in staccato fashion. His was the re- 
sponsibility once they were airborne and he 
didn't intend for anyone to let down. With a 
final word of warning to the pilots about fly- 
ing a tight formation he dismissed them. 

They hurried toward the one exit. Shake- 
speare's words, "If 'twere done, then 'twere 
well, 'twere done quickly", were never truer. 
A few of the ground officers were waiting out 
in the corridor, and as the men filed past, in- 
dividuals were slapped on the back or shaken 
by the hand. 

Outside the moon was still darting in and 
out of the clouds. Overhead, glider planes 
were being towed to their long awaited ren- 
dezvous. As far as the eye could see they 
stretched in clusters across the skies. The Fly- 
ing Forts were surrounded by mechanics and 
maintenance men tuning up the motors and 
making last minute adjustments. The flying 
crews reached the planes and the opening 
flare from the Central Tower was awaited 
which would start the Forts rolling down the 
runwayc toward Festung Europe. 

That was the way IT happened at one 


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Officers' Mess Staff 


» UrigmaFfrom 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// 


The privilege of leading the greatest 
force of heavy bombers ever assem- 
bled in one unit in the history of aerial 
warfare was that of Col. Harold W. 
Bowman, Commanding Officer of the 
401st Bombardment Group. 


The mission was performed a few days 
after "D-Day" and the target was 
world-famous Le Bourget airdrome at 
Paris, up until the day of the mission 
used as a fighter and bomber base by 
the German Air Force. 

"It simply was a story of good navi- 
gation," Col. Bowman said. "We click- 
ed right to the initial point using deac 
reckoning and pilotage. On the run in, 
visibility was bad, but my bombardier 
found the target and we smacked the 
hell out of it." 

The Colonel admits he was pleased 
to have the honor of leading this 
record-breaking number of bombers, 
but he is more pleased with the bomb- 
ing results, which officially are scored 
as "excellent." 

It was the first visual bombing of Col. 
Bowman's force since D-Day and en 
route to the target crewsmen craned 
their necks to see what they could 
of the French Invasion coast. Activity 
was intense, smoke could be seen 
coming from Bayeaux and Caen. 

Pilot of Col. Bowman's aircraft was 
Capt. James F. Goodman; Major Ju- 
lius Pickoff was bombardier; Captain 
James F. Egan and Capt. Walter E. 
Haberer, navigators. 


The "OK" sign is given by Col. Harold W. Bowman, right, on 
the biggest mission yet flown by the Eighth Air Force over 
occupied Europe, to his bombardier. Major Julius Pickoff, 
and his navigator, Capt. Walter E. Haberer, on their return 
to home base. 

Captain Jim Goodman piloted the lead aircraft on the mission 
to Le Bourget Airdrome near Paris which led the First Divi- 
sion's biggest effort to date. The target was plastered and the 
attacking force was by far the largest ever sent out of England 
(or any place else, for that matter). 

Original from 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


Lt. Bockstanz 

S/Sgt. Bailey 

Such a thing as a place to change clothes 
after a bomber operation to the French in- 
vasion coast does not bother Sgt. A. M. Bailey, 
a tail gunner. Here he is sitting on the con- 
crete dispersal area under his aircraft just 
after returning from battering the famed Le 

(Right) When bombardiers in the Eighth Air 
Force aren't busy dropping "eggs" on Hitler's 
Europe, they took pictures of important ob- 
servations. Here 2nd Lt. E. L. Bockstanz is 
shown with a hand-operated camera which 
he used when he wasn't busy with the toggle 

Original from 

(Left) To "crew" a Fortress so there are n< 
turnbacks due to mechanical reasons is thi 
ambition of every engineering groundman 
That goal was realized by M/Sgt. Victor C 
Magnuson, crew chief for the "Fancy Nancy" 
and his assistants, Cpl. H. M. McKinney anc 
Sgt. H. W. Westendorf. The "Fancy Nancy' 
had just returned from her 50th operationc 
mission, still with the original four engines. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nap:// : pa-googie 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Salvoed Everything 
But The Crew 

Shot up by flak over Hamburg, June 
20, 1944, the 401st Group's lead ship 
returned to the base minus virtually 
everything but the crew. 

With one engine knocked out and the 
propeller vibrating wildly, and an- 
other engine throwing out oil, the 
veteran crew commanded by Major 
Ralph J. White debated whether to 
head for Sweden or attempt to make it 
back to England. 

"We'll go home," decided Major White, 
"but dump everything." The ball tur- 
ret was salvoed, radios, flak suits, 
bomb sight, most of the guns and am- 
munition were thrown out. 

It was a wild and dangerous ride at 
low altitude, but they made it. Pilot 
was 1st Lt. E. E. Christensen. Others 
in the crew were Capt. A. C. Kuen- 
ning, bombardier; Capt. Rufus F. Cau- 
sen, navigator; 2nd Lt. Walter J. Otton, 
tail gunner; T/Sgt. Nathan G. Binkin, 
radio operator; T/Sgt. William McIn- 
tyre, top turret gunner; S/Sgt. Charles 
L. Roundtree, ball turret gunner, S/Sgt. 
Allen L. Batson and S/Sgt. Sherwyn 
Finchell, waist gunners. 

Maj. White and Crew 

armament worker, had plenty of ex- 
ercise in the summer of 1944, when 
401st Forts were helping rain bombs 
on Germany. He is shown here ad- 
justing a fuse on one of the "eggs" 
meant for Hitler's Europe. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// 

(Below) Those are "30-mission" smiles on the 
faces of 1st Lt. Leo S. Bartley, pilot; S/Sgt. 
Gilbert Sherman, waist gunner; T/Sgt. Eugene 
D. Frederick, radio operator; and 1st Lt. How- 
ard W. Hammond, co-pilot. 

Bartley, Sherman, Frederick, Hammond 

T/Sgt. Spacek 

Thirty-five missions over Continental 
Europe, on one of which he was forced 
to ditch with his crew into the turbulent 
North Sea, had been completed by 
T/Sgt. Anthony Spacek, top turret 
gunner, when this picture was made. 
Among his tiips were four over Berlin 
and the D-Day operation June 6. 

M/Sgt. Roberts Maj. Garland 

(Right) One English Pound, $4 in cold 
cash to you, is all it cost S/Sgt. Mar- 
ion E. Roberts, a waist gunner, to win 
a $400 Victory War Bond. His number 
came up in the squadron drawing 
during a drive among Eighth Air Force 
personnel. Major William C. Garland, 
his squadron commander, made the 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

(Left) Officers in the lead aircraft 
were, left to right, Capt. A. C. Kuen- 
ning, bombardier; 2nd Lt. Walter J. 
Otton, who flew as tail gunner; 1st 
Lt. Felix A. Kalinski, pilot; Lt. Col. W. 
T. Seawell, Wing Air Commander; and 
Capt. Rufus F. Causey, navigator. 

Lt. Owens Col. Seawell Capt. Cammack 


Box leaders on the mission (photo be- 
low) were Lt. Erie G. Owens, Ir., Lt. 
Col. William T. Seawell, and Capt. 
Vernon K. Cammack. 


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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 


28 June, 1944 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Fifty Missions 
Without A Turnback 

First 401st Fort to make 50 missions 
without a turnback was "Boche Bus- 
ter." Pilot on the 50th mission was Lt. 
Richard D. McCord. Ground crew 
members were M/Sgt. Gordon L. Bak- 
er, crew chief; Sgt. Arthur Brown; Sgt. 
Michael Czbiniski; and Sgt. William 

Postscript: On the Group's 154th mis- 
sion to the synthetic oil plants at Po- 
litz, "Boche Buster," piloted by Lt. 
Thomas K. Hill, went down. It was on 
its 74th mission. 

S/Sgt. J. F. Bodle removes his gun after a mission, "Don't 
know why we take these things along — we never use them," 
he says, referring to lack of enemy opplolslitiori., V OF jIM 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


Col. Bowman was a familiar figure, touring the base 
on his bike, with him here is Capt. W. G. McAlexander, 
a Squadron Engineering Officer. 

BELIEVE IT OR NOT, this picture wo 
taken in Merrie Old England — not th 
Southwest Pacific. Mercury got s 
high — honest that Cpl. Andrew Bom 
stripped to his shorts to be comfortabl 
while on the job. 

TAXI CRASH on the Perimeter prior to a mission 
take-off. No one was injured, but look at the damage 
to two beautiful Forts! 


Original from 


These pictures were taken June 12, 1944, after 
a frag bomb exploded, killing seven armament 
and ordnance workers and injuring 11 others. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

July MISSIONS 1944 




4 July 1944 



6 July 1944 



6 July 1944 



7 July 1944 



8 July 1944 


Mont Louis Ferme/Belloy-sur-Somme 

11 July 1944 



12 July 1944 



13 July 1944 



16 July 1944 



18 July 1944 



19 July 1944 



20 July 1944 



21 July 1944 



24 July 1944 


St. Lo 

25 July 1944 


St. Lo 

28 July 1944 



29 July 1944 



31 July 1944 



ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

Left: Lt. R. J. Petty, bombardier, re- 
laxes on a tire after returning from 
knocking out a pilotless plane site in 

Right: T/Sgt. M. D. Spivey, S/Sgt. A, 
M. Coluccio and S/Sgt. P. L. Nalbach, 
after a mission over France. 

Left: Crew climbs into truck to go to 
Interrogation. They are 1st Lt. William 
I. Mann, T/Sgt. Michael J. Mercurio, 
2nd Lt. Alfred A. Rosenquist, and 
S/Sgt. Robert R. Reed. 

Right: Jocko, Mascot of the 614th 
Squadron Relay crew. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// 

1st Lt. M. Abraham, Oshkosh, Wis., 
had the pleasure of personally deliv- 
ering this bomb to Adolph. He is a 
navigator when the "Oshkosh Bomb" 
was dropped he operated the toggle 
switch. Lt. Abraham was later killed 
in action. 

Right: Party at Thirty-Mission Haven 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

(Right) This was all that was left 
when an oil line broke and the pro- 
peller could not be feathered by 1st Lt. 
Richard C. McCord, right. As a result, 
the prop "windmilled" until it melted 
off its shaft. M/Sgt. Clarence Neylan 
views the damage after the plane was 
safely landed. 


Digitized by GoOglc 

Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


By Instinct And Little Else The Mary Alice Makes It Back 

His controls shot away, a hole in his horizontal stabilizer big enough to drive a jeep 
through and his tail gunner fatally injured by 20 millimeter bursts from enemy fighters, 
2nd Lt. H. E. Haskett, nursed the "Mary Alice" back to England from Munich in one of 
the most unusual feats of skill reported from the 401st Base. 

Haskett's crew, on its fifth mission, was "Tail End Charlie" and received the worst 
of a sudden stab from Focke-Wulf 190s and Messerschmitt 109s. 

"Two of them struck at our tail and the third came from high above our left wing," 
Haskett said. "At about the same time my co-pilot's oxygen mask froze up and I had the 
busiest five minutes of my life. I knew my tail gunner had been hit and the turbo super- 
charger of the No. 2 engine also got a blast. Another shell burst in my left wing next to 
the fuselage and I felt her going into a spin. I set up AFCE and somehow we pulled out 
of it" . . . then he saw a burst of flame near a gasoline tank and thought his craft was 
on fire. He gave the bail out order, but luckily the intercom was working badly. 

"What did you say?" called back 2nd Lt. S. A. Howze, the navigator. By that time the 
pilot realized he was not on fire and rescinded the order, working desperately all the time 
to get the plane under control . . . then began three hours of anxiety for all of the crew — 
"sweating out" the trip home. 

Lt. Haskett's oxygen system failed and he was forced to use a portable oxygen bottle. 
With the bottle between his legs and a heavy flak suit over his shoulder he worked the 
throttle, stifck and automatic pilot, most of the time with one hand — and brought "Mary 
Alice" back. 

Out of gasoline, it was decided to make an emergency landing at an RAF base on 
England's east coast. To complete the afternoon he landed on AFCE, a feat in itself, which 
other members of the crew said was "a beautiful job." 

Damage (see photos facing page) included the top of the tail, including the tail gun- 
ner's windshield blown off; the tremendous hole in the stabilizer, holes in the left wing, 
the bomb bay and the No. 2 gas tank and damage to the No. 2 turbo which knocked out 
the No. 2 engine. 

Thirty-five pieces of shrapnel from the 20 mm burst hit Sgt. Edward L. Page, the tail 
gunner, in the chest. He was given first aid by S/Sgt. Brenden J. Lynch, radio operator, 
and Sgt. Hinsom C. Jones, waist gunner, but died in about two hours. Other crews who wit- 
nessed the attack said that Sgt. Page got one of the enemy fighters before he was hit. 

Other members of the crew were 2nd Lt. Thomas A. Davis, co pilot; 2nd Lt. Kenneth 
D. Buvinghausen, bombardier; S/Sgt. Michael P. Urgan. too .turret;, and, Sqt. Will?— ^ 
Hutchinson, ball turret gunner. lilT;r ! , { UF wIjGDNjIN 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 



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"Hot Shots" of the 615th — that 
inseparable pair of Captains — 
Rufe Causey and Arnie Kuen- 
ning — took a ducking in the 
static water reservoir near the 
Combat Mess one summer 
day. Reason: THEY FINISHED 
THEIR TOURS. Innocently 
enough they thought they were 
getting a royal reception when 
they were met at the gate after 
leaving their PFF ship at Pole- 
brook, and escorted to over- 
stuffed chairs which had been 
mounted on a bomb trailer. 
They were taken then on a 
brief tour of the base unaware 
that in a few moments they 
would be tossed headlong into 
the water. Everybody else 
knew what was cooking and a 
crowd was on hand for the 
party. Chief instigator of the 
plot, according to rumor, was 
Major "Heigh-Ho" Silver, but 
among the conspirators was 

Col. Bowman himself. In the 
crowd which helped toss the 
Twins into the drink were Lt. 
Col. Seawell and Capt. Jim 
Goodman. Capt. Causey had 
completed his tour a few days 
before but went along on the 
last one to be with Capt. Kuen- 
ning when the latter finished. 
They feel like that about each 

P.S. At the time, "Heigh Ho" 
had one more to go. 

Driqinal from 









August MISSIONS 1944 

Date No. Target 

August 1944 120 Chartres 

August 1944 121 Strasbourg 

August 1944 122 Anklam 

August 1944 123 Nienburg 

August 1944 124 Genshagen (Berlin Area) 

August 1944 125 Hautmensnil Carriere des Aucrais 

August 1944 126 Luxembourg 

August 1944 127 Brest 

August 1944 128 Elbeuf 

August 1944 129 Haguenau 

August 1944 130 Schkeuditz 

August 1944 131 Yvoir 

August 1944 132 Weimar 

August 1944 133 Peenemunde 

Major Delwyn Silver, assistant operations officer . . . and 
friends. Major Silver, in checking the record on the back 
of his short snorter bill, finds that he had led his Wing 
on seven missions, his Group on nine missions and two 
other times he flew as deputy division air commander. Over 
Oschersleben in January his Group underwent constant 
fighter attack for 2 Vi hours; in June his aircraft made it 
back looking 'like a sieve" from flak holes. In February 
Major Silver and crew had to "crawl home" at 2,000 feet, 
skirting villages en route. But here he is, and smiling! 

Original from 

25 August 1944 134 

26 August 1944 135 

27 August 1944 136 
30 August 1944 137 

La Louviere-Tertre 
Berlin (recalled) 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-goog 

To Petersborough Cathedral 

0 ) 

On August 15, 1944, a ceremony uni- 
que in the annals of 800-year-old 
Petersborough Cathedral took place 
when Col. Bowman presented the 
Stars and Stripes to the Bishop of 
Petersborough as a symbol of friend- 
liness of Anglo-American relations. 

The flag was dedicated "to the Honor 
and Glory of God" and was taken im- 
mediately to the tower of the Cathed- 
ral where it broke into the breeze. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

This is a picture of a sailor, S 1 
Michael Garen, pronounced by me 
of the 401st Bomb Group a game gin 
Just back from Normandy where h 
helped get an LCT into Omaha beac 
an hour before "H-Hour", he made 
visit to the 401st base during a brie 
liberty to look up his 22-year-ol 
brother, Alex, whom he had not see 
in five years. 

He didn't get to see Alex. 

Four hours before Mike arrived. Ale* 
sitting at the guns shown here, wa 
killed by flak over Berlin. 


HE SAW THE QUEEN — S/Sgt. R. G. Nicholson was spending a pass at Bed- 
ford, Northamptonshire, and happened to be at the American Red Cross club 
when it was visited by Queen Elizabeth, 

Original from 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup://^pa-googie 

The Jerries Make It Roug 
For Homesick Angel 

Second Lieutenant Frank Carson, 
Jr., pilot of "Homesick Angel" admit- 
ted that he had to use every trick in 
the book to keep her from "Going to 
that place where a lot of good Forts 
have gone", after a mission over Ger- 
many, when the "Angel” was submit- 
ted to severe fighter attack. 

It was the eighth mission for Lt. 
Carson's crew. Three were injured, one 
seriously, but Lt. Carson reported, "We 
got four of the Jerries . . 

"Our tail gunner's intercom was 
out of commission," said 2nd Lt. Harris 
E. Lawless, navigator, "so I didn't 
know we were being attacked until I 
saw the tracers. There were at least 20 
109s and they knocked out three Forts 
behind us before they let us have it . . . 
after the first attack they came in 
three abreast and began to hit us 
singly. That is when we got them. I 
saw the one hit by our bombardier dis- 
integrate and before the attack was 
over they were going down like flies." 

Finally the oil line to No. 2 en- 
gine was hit and No. 3 was running 
rough with only half power. Lt. Car- 
son was forced to drop back and be- 
come a straggler. "We caught it then," 
he said. 

A streak of 20 millimeters went 
through the waist and two hit S/Sgt. 
William C. Matthies, radio operator, 
in the abdomen. Several others went 
through the tail and ripped parts of 
the wings into shreds. The big Fort 
was peppered with machine gun bul- 
lets and hardly a square foot of its 
skin didn't have a number of holes. A 
20 mm hit the ball turret and wounded 
Sgt. Joseph J. Geraldi, ball turret gun- 

jsggw Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

ner, in the arm. Sgt. Harold Quist, 
waist gunner, got pieces of shrapnel 
in his legs. The top of the tail gunner's 
seat was smashed wide open and a 
burst went through the top turret. 
Holes two and three feet square were 
ripped in the vertical and horizontal 
stabilizers, in the fuselage, and in the 
nose. The radio loop antenna housing 
was blown to bits. The interphone was 
shot out, so communication between 
crew members was impossible. 

Finally the fighters were gone, the 
last of them being downed as it went 
for a pass at another straggler. 

Bombs were salvoed manually — 
over Germany — by Sgt. Ray B. Mc- 
Gehee, top turret gunner and engineer, 
whose face had been showered with 
glass when his turret was hit. The bat- 
tle had taken place 24,000 feet in the 
air, and unbeknown to the crew most 
of the oxygen system had been shot 
away. The bomb-bay doors could not 
be closed, but Sgt. McGehee collected 
all the portable oxygen bottles in the 
ship and without a parachute, risked 
his life to carry them over the cat- 
walk to the radio room for the wound- 
ed radio operator. 

Lt. Lawless navigated the ship 
back by dead reckoning. As the "An- 
gel" went in for a landing she blew a 
tire and swerved to a stop off the run- 

Lt. William Bucher, bombardier, 
shot down one fighter, Sgt. McGehee 
two and Sgt. Geraldi one. 

Other members of the crew were 
2nd Lt. Harris E. Moe, co-pilot and 
Sgt. Llewellyn James, tail gunner. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


T/Sgt. G. H. Cooper, a top turret 
gunner, thanks Sgt. J. P. Muldoon for 
the good packing job on the 'chute 
which brought him down safely. 

This time it's Navigator 1st Lt. 
R. W. Marshall, thanking Rigger D. A. 

Digitized by 


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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 

uso SHOW 

September MISSIONS 1944 




3 September 1944 



5 September 1944 



9 September 1944 



10 September 1944 


Gaggenau (Germany 

11 September 1944 



13 September 1944 



17 September 1944 


Groesbeek (Holland) 

19 September 1944 


Hamm (Germany) 

22 September 1944 



25 September 1944 



26 September 1944 



27 September 1944 



28 September 1944 



30 September 1944 



Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googi 



These Three Survived 
Explosion Ai 26,000 Feet 

Blown out of their Fortress when it exploded over 
France, these three crew members survived and re- 
turned to their base soon after. All other crew mem- 
bers were killed. 

Lt. William E. Massey, pilot, was unconscious 
from lack of oxygen at the time of the explosion. He 
came to about 3,000 feet above the ground, miracu- 
lously clutching his parachute in one hand. He man- 
aged to snap the 'chute to his harness and landed 

Second Lieutenant Lewis V. Stelljes, bombardier, 
was crushed against the nose of the plane with ter- 
rific force when the plane went into a spin and then 
was knocked through the nose by the explosion. Being 
able to breathe was "wonderful,” and at about 5,000 
feet he pulled the ripcord and landed near friendly 

Like the pilot, Sgt. Francis J. Berard, waist gun- 
ner, was unconscious at the time of the explosion. 
When he came to he was coming down on the center 
section of the fuselage. He grabbed a 'chute, snap- 
ped it to his harness and landed safely. By the next 
day he had rejoined his crew mates and they made 
it back to base. 


JrnginaT worn 



(Left) Col. Bowman congratulates 
Col. William T. Seawell, air executive, 
on the completion of his 25th mission 
in support of huge airborne landings 
in Holland. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

By defeating Station 
45 1, 8-0, in finals of a 
tourney in which 16 teams 
competed, our "Flyers" 
won the American Red 
Cross ETO softball tour- 
nament. The Flyers lost 
only two games in 33 
during the season. A ban- 
quet in St. Andrews Hos- 
pital honored the champs. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 


(Left) Pointing out where his bombs 
fell on a mission in support of the air- 
borne landings in Holland is 1st Lt 
Harold S. Arnold, Squadron bombai 
dier. At the left is Capt. Clyde A 
Lewis, Squadron Commander and lead 
pilot on the mission, and at the righ 
is Col. W. T. Seawell, Group Executive 
Officer, and Combat Air Wing Com 
mander on the mission. 






(Right) Mission 150, over Magdeburg, 
was the last one in their tour for Lt. 
Walter H. Thomason and crew, shown 
at right with ground crew. 

'aptain James A. 
human is congrat- 
lated on comple- 
on of his tour by 
'apt. Gordon R. 
'losway, PRO. 

Capt. Gruman and 
crew completed their 
tour on the 150th 
Mission for the 

(Left) Capt. Richard D. McCord and 
crew also finished their tour on Mis- 
sion 150. Capt. McCord is shown here 
with Lt. McMurray. 

m Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

(Right) Capt. Locher and Lt. Mannis. 
They led the Group's 150th Mission, 
over Magdeburg. 

(Left) Lead team on the 150th Mis- 
sion: L. to R., Lt. James M. Rush, nav- 
igator; Lt. Carl L. Rostrom, bombar- 
dier; Lt. William W. Strong, Mickey 
operator; and Lt. William F. Maloney, 


' Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googi 

'Hangover Haven' 
Makes Landing On 
One Wheel 

The left landing gear shot away 
Dy flak near Nurnburg, Capt. George 
5. Schaunaman made what experts 
ermed a "beautiful" one wheel belly 
cmding without injury to any mem- 
ber of his crew and with minimum 
damage to the plane. 

Two vehicles, an English passen- 
ger car and American truck, parked 
too close to the runway, however, 
were demolished when the plane 
swerved off the runway as it came to 
a stop. 

In addition to damaging the land- 
ing gear, flak in the vicinity of Nancy, 
France, knocked out all of the elec- 
trical equipment and instruments of 
"Hangover Haven", struck No. 2 en- 
gine which could not be feathered and 
began to "windmill" violently and 
caused No. 1 engine to run rough. 


Referring to the landing, 2nd Lt. 
James R. Hobgood, co-pilot, said, "I 
wasn't jarred as much as I was a few 
hours before when a spent flak frag- 
ment hit my flak suit and fell to the 


Other members of the crew were 
2nd Lt. Robert E. Purrier, navigator; 
2nd Lt. Kenneth E. Sandoe, bombar- 
dier; T/Sgt. Irving F. Kopitnikoff, radio 
operator; T/Sgt. Thomas P. Morris, top 
turret; S/Sgt. Edward H. Willett, ball 
turret; S/Sgt. Clarence P. Williams, 
tail gunner; S/Sgt. Edward A. Curry, 
waist gunner. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

October MISSIONS 1944 
































































Technical Sergeant James W. Can- 
non is a modest fellow. Although only 
21 years old, here is his incredible 
record : 

He has flown 68 operational mis- 
sions in the South Pacific in B-25s, 
B-26s and B-17s and 29 in B-17s in the 

Confirmed credit for destruction 
of five Jap Zeros. 

He took part in the Battle of Bis- 
marck Sea when his aircraft skip- 
bombed at 30 feet over the water and 
sank a Jap heavy cruiser. 

In second photo, T,Sgt. Cannon, 
having completed 100 Missions (68 in 
South Pacific, 32 in ETO) is congrat- 
ulated by S/Sgt. D. M. Swope, who 
has 32 ETO Missions. 

I Original from 

He wears the Silver Star, DFC 
with two Oak Leaf clusters, Air Medal 
with eight clusters. Purple Heart, 
Asiatic-South Pacific ribbon with two 
bronze stars; ETO ribbon with two 
stars. Presidential Citation Award with 
two clusters and the American De- 
fense and Good Conduct ribbons. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Marlene Dietrich 
Visits Bowman's 

Marlene Dietrich, long famed for 
her attractive legs (which she failed 
to display) entertained more than 
2,000 officers and enlisted men o[ the 
base at Hangar No. 1 on September 
29. Miss Dietrich and party were 
picked up at Birmingham in "Paka- 
ivalup II" piloted by Col. Seawell and 
3apt. Felix Kalinski with 1st Lt. Law- 
rence W. Pfeiffer as navigator. They 
ire shown with Miss Dietrich at right. 
Next day on a mission to Germany, 
'Pakawalup II", with another crew, 
went down. 

The committee of Enlisted Men 
who welcomed Miss Dietrich are 
shown at right. They are (1. to r.) Sgt. 
Sustav Berlinger, an operations clerk: 
Sgt. Robert B. Hearne, Miss Dietrich 
md Cpl. William Burne, personnel 

Miss Dietrich sang, pulled a few 
jags and gave two numbers with her 
singing saw. She also signed a lot of 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

With five hours of engine time, this 
aircraft was landed at the Deene- 
thorpe Base the middle of September. 
Mechanics were working in the bomb- 
bay when sparks from a torch caused 
an explosion in the oxygen system. 
This is the result. Aircraft sent to sal- 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 


CAPT. "MIKE" MATRICIAN, duty nav- 
igator of the Group, was the champion 
weight lifter of the Station and has 
been known to lift 600 pounds without 
a quiver of his curly moustache. The 
"Mad Russian" (he speaks and writes 
the language) here is shown lifting a 
mere 300 pounds. 

(Left) Sgt. B. C. Bensing, T/Sgt. J. R. 
Redmon and S/Sgt. J. D. Mello enjoy 
a box of sweets sent by Mrs. Jay A. 
Wade of Champaign, HI., at the re- 
quest of her husband, Lt. Wade, who 
wanted to remember the rigger who 
packed the 'chute which saved his 
life. Lt. Wade was a Prisoner of War 
when his wife sent the "thank you" 

(Right) Sgt. F. Able, Cpl. C. S. Smith 
and M/Sgt. C. H. Brown have a right 
to look proud. They were members of 
|the ground crew of the Flying Fortress 
'’"Hell's Anqel Out of Chute 13", which 
-had just returned from its 75th mis- 
sion without a turnback due to 
mechanical reasons. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Red Cross clubmobile were especially 
welcomed by night crews who worked 
all hours loading bombs and revving 
up the engines. The idea was pioneer- 
ed at Col. Bowman's base. 

was a special occasion for Maj. A. E. 
Barrs, who was presented a cake. He 
served as Station Courts and Board 
Officer. With him are Col. Bowman, 
Capt. A. H. Chapman, Miss Ethel 
Stevens, Red Cross Aero Club direc- 
tor, and Miss Susan Brown, Red Cross 
Program Director. 

Col. Harold W. Bowman presents the 
Purple Heart posthumously to the Eng- 
lish parents of Sgt. John C. Mac- 
Queen, killed on a mission to Schwein- 

Sgt. MacQueen, 18 years old at the 
time of his acceptance for service in 
London, was born in the United States 
but went to England with his parents 
a few years before the war. 

original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

When Lt. Donald M. Schliemann 
was landing 7938 "Twan-n-g-g" from 
the Munster mission October 28, the 
landing gear buckled and this is the 

"Twan-n-g-g” careened off the 
runway and came to a stop on the 
perimeter. No one was injured. Sgt. 
Ted M. Madden, tail gunner, was 
slightly wounded by flak on the mis- 
sion. Note the picture of the wrecked 
airplane with the formation in the 
background. Lt. Schliemann, and his 
co-pilot, F/O Irving Mayrowitz, are 
standing in front of one of the twisted 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


November MISSIONS 1944 




2 November 1944 



4 November 1944 



5 November 1944 



6 November 1944 



8 November 1944 



9 November 1944 



16 November 1944 



21 November 1944 



25 November 1944 



26 November 1944 



29 November 1944 



30 November 1944 




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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


M/Sgt. Vincent H. Hodis, line chief in the 
Group, "for meritorious conduct in the perfor- 
mance of outstanding services as line chief of a 
heavy bombardment squadron during the per- 
iod from 23 April 1943 to 13 October 1944. 
. . . he has been responsible for the instruction 
and supervision of over one hundred men 
who service the aircraft and has spent much 
of his spare time lecturing to combat crews 
and demonstrating the new modifications and 
procedures on the operation of the Flying 
Fortress ..." 

At the time of the award one of his Forts, 
"Hell's Angels out of Chute 13" had been on 
81 operational missions without a turnback 
due to mechanical reasons. 


Original from 

Fine (Leipzig) 

Halderman, Kunstman, Morrow 

Bryant Dessau 

Original from 

VttflB'jTO’ JL,r '*5* | . 

* 11 i 


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H (9 



ioi ic uomain, 

Mann, Rosenquist, Root 

Morton (France) 

Pedro (Hamburg) 

Kuenning, Causey, White 

Ridley (Hamburg) 

Finchel (Hamburg) 


Mackeller (Montbartier) 

Moe, Carson (Germany) 

Blevins (Merseburg) 

Turk (Ruhr Valley) 

[ Original from 

Claxton (Merseburg) N | VERSr jy Q p WISCONSIN 

McCabe (Merseburg) 

i ^ V 



Minott (Germany) 

Mays, Monacella 

(Ruhr Valley) 

Aufrance (Merseburg) 

Knight, Braden (Merseburg) 

Remley (Merseburg) 

Missenheimer, Etters 

Wood (Munster) 

Mabrey (Merseburg) 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 

NOVEMBER 15, 1944, found us build- 
ing packing boxes at the Base Car- 
penter shop, a thousand standard 
size and 500 odd sizes as ordered by 
the various departments, and wonder- 
ing "what gives?" 


■ -'*. v 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nttp:// : pa-googie 


Back in the ETO for his second tour after a leave in the United States, Capt. Durward 
W. Fesmire, Squadron Bombardier, who as a master sergeant was bombardier on the 
famous "Susy Q" in the Southwest Pacific for 92 missions, completed 122 missions still 
going strong. 

Cdpt. Fesmire was the most decorated man in the 401st Group: the Silver Star with 
two oak leaf clusters, the DFC with one cluster. Air Medal with six clusters, the Distin- 
guished Unit Citation with four clusters, Asiatic-Pacific ribbon with four bronze stars, 
ETO ribbon with two bronze stars, American Defense and Good Conduct ribbons. 

"I've got about everything but the Purple Heart," he said, "and I'm not looking for 

He received the Silver Star in May, 1942, for a mission to Rabaul, the first cluster in 
July, 1942, for his part in the sinking of a Jap convoy and the third in August of the same 
year for air support of the Guadalcanal landings. The bronze stars on the Asiatic-Pacific 
ribbon are for the Philippines, Java, Papuan and Solomons campaigns and the bronze stars 
on the ETO ribbon represent the European Air Offensive prior to D-Day and for the Air 
Corps' part in aiding the invasion since D-Day. The Distinguished Unit Citations are those 
awarded to his old unit, the 19th Bomb Group, and one received along with his ETO divi- 
sion for the great air battle over Oschersleben, Germany, January 11, 1944, in which he 

Returning to the United States after his Pacific tour, Capt. Fesmire received a direct 
commission as first lieutenant and then took part in a bond selling tour. He previously 
served in Panama, Hawaii and Australia, and married an Australian girl. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie 


, . * IWvi* •* ' * - * ► 

Gunnery instruction at the 401st 
Base was constant and careful. This 
rigid training schedule paid good div- 
idends and the massed firing power 
of a tightly packed formation, plus the 
deadly accuracy of the gunners, 
proved too much for the attacking 


£ Below) 1st Lt. Robert J. King a navi- 
gator, is instructed in the use of the 
:hin turret by T/Sgt. Bert B. Bessellieu. 



Original from 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 




S/SGT. A. P 

. ' A 

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1 1 I 

H ' 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 

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Digitized by Google 

Original from 




Thursday, November 23rd, 1944, 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 


Blinded by Flak, 
Navigator Sticks to Job 

A FORTRESS BASE, Dec. 20- The 
fragments of a flak hurst struck 2/Lt. 
Carl L. Hoag. BI7 navigator in the face 
and eyes, rendering one eye useless and 
paralyzing the muscles of the other. 
Nevertheless, he plotted a direct four- 
hour course for the Fortress Mary Alice 
from Germany to England through dense 
cloud--holding open the somewhat-good 
eye with his finger-tip. 

Almost unconscious from lack of 
oxygen. Hoag insisted on staying at hts 
post. 2/Lt. Martin Karant, co-pilot from 
Chicago, repaired the navigator’s oxygen 

The pilot, 2/Lt. George K. Craft, of 
Helena, Ark., gave Hoag the air speeds 
and instrument readings while other crew - 
men furnished verbal map data By 
mental calculations the wounded navigator 
obtained a correct reading and the flak- 
battered Fort, with two engines knocked 
out. made an emergency landing in 

Hoag, who has recovered full vision in 
one eye and is recovering from wounds 
in the other, has been awarded the DSC. 
second highest U.S. decoration, for his 
“extraordinary heroism’’ of Nov. 30. 

December MISSIONS 1944 




4 December 1944 



5 December 1944 



6 December 1944 



11 December 1944 



12 December 1944 



15 December 1944 



19 December 1944 



24 December 1944 



27 December 1944 



28 December 1944 



29 December 1944 



30 December 1944 



31 December 1944 



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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

December 5, 1944 . . . Col. Bowman Leaves, 

. . .Col. Seawell Takes Over 

This beautiful old silver tea service, valued at more 
than $500, was presented to Mrs, Bowman by Officers 
of Station 128 on the occasion of Col. Bowman's de- 
parture from the Group. Mrs. Bowman is shown at 

)igitize<J by 

Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

500 Planes 

Original from 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 

SSSoSS SRWffiwwiii 

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Chief Warrant Officer H. P. Vanderhoef is wed to Miss Agnes 
Scobie Gailey, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Gailey of 
t^orby, Northamptonshire. Attendants were Miss Esther Gailey 
sister of the bride, and 1st Lt. Stanley G. Deines, ordnance 

Left: ROG Party 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

On the 21st and 22nd of December, 1944, the Base was visited by a Congressional 
Delegation composed of the Hons. Norris Poulson, Republican, Los Angeles, Calif., repre- 
senting the 13th District in his state, and La Vem R. Dilweg, Democrat, Green Bay, Wis., 
representing the 8th District. 

The visitors were met at Northampton by Maj. Walter Lindersmith, Maj. Charles A. 
Brown, Executive Officer and Capt. Gordon R. Closway, PRO. A dinner at the Officers 
Club was given in their honor by Col. Seawell and the following day was spent in in- 
specting the Base. 

After the dinner the Congressmen met Officers and Enlisted Men from California and 
Wisconsin. Mr. Dilweg is a former Marquette University football star and played seven 
seasons with the Green Bay Packers. While on his visit he met the former football stars in 
the 401st Group. 

From the Deenethorpe Base, the visitors went to Kings Cliff to inspect a fighter station. 

Digitized by 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 

'NAf hen the call for blood plasma came 
to Station 128 men of the 401st vol- 
unteered without hesitation. Here one 
of the "ground grippers", Capt. Sam- 
\xel Goldblatt, is seen giving a pint of 
blood. Attendants are from the mobile 
blood bank, on its third visit to the 

(Right) For gallantry in action over 
Munster Oct. 28, F/O Elmer B. Cross- 
man was decorated with the Silver 
Star, shown receiving the award from 
Brig. Gen. J. K. Lacey, Commanding 
General of a combat wing in the First 
Bombardment Division. 


with a word of Christmas 
Greeting, "From the Yanks of 
the 401st Bomb Group" signed 
by Lt. Col. W. T. Seawell, Com- 
manding Officer. It was a 
great day for the children and 

Original from 


G.I.s like kids and the Eng- 
lish kids like G.I.s. Never was 
this statement better illustrated 
than on 23 December, 1944, 
when nearly 800 children from 
Weldon, Deene, Deenethorpe, 
Corby and Benefield were 
entertained at a Christmas 
Party at the base. Festivities 
opened with a huge dinner 
served at the Combat Mess 
and Consolidated Mess with 
each youngster being the guest 
of a soldier. They had every- 
thing from Roast Pork to Ice 
Cream. Then they went to the 
Base Theater for a show after 
which they were guests at a 
Christmas Party at the Aero 
Club. When each kiddie went 
home he was given a big bag 
of candy, oranges and a pic- 
ture of a Fortress formation 


most successful parties given 
on the Base. Special Services 
arranged the party with the 
help of Chaplains and the var- 
ious Base Organizations. 



ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

GI Invents 
Automatic* ^ 
Bomb Release 

.\ device which salvos bomb> au- 
tomatically with the higher pie-' 
c lsion. taking the human element 
of ei' or out of high altitude bomb- 1 
mg, has been invented bj* Master 
Sergt. Warsaw M. Onn^ki, West- j 
field, Mass., chief armorer at a 
Flying Fortress ba^e in Biilain. 

Reports from the 401st 13umb 
Group headquarters available here] 
yesterday, told about »he success 
ui the sergeant's invention. When 
the 401st Bomb Group adopted it 
the group climbed io first place 
Jxu* bombing accuracy in the First 
Barn bard men » Division Thereupon 
Brie. Gen. H. M Turner, com- 
marder of tfie division ordered 
all lead aircraft of hir bases to 
adonr i he device. 

Sergeant Osmskis invention is 
an all -electric mechanism \\ iijch 
releases the bombs automat ic-ally 
when focusing liair.s of the bomb- 
sight are aliened With the taiget. 
and eliminates use of hand levers 
by the bombardier. Previously 
toe bombardier had to aim h:s 
sight, then reach over !o release 
the bombs. Now he is able to gi\e 
all his time to aiming the sight. 
Another advantage of the device 
is its safety factor when heavy 
bombers ore used in support of 
jgrounrt troops ejiablirig the bom- 
bardier to lay his bombs with less 
danger to advancing ground troops. 

Again, the new system is a 
positive release which offsets the 
chances of jammed levers which 
cause “hung” bombs. 



ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

January MISSIONS 1945 




1 January 1945 



3 January 1945 



5 January 1945 



6 January 1945 



7 January 1945 



10 January 1945 



13 January 1945 



14 January 1945 



17 January 1945 



21 January 1945 



22 January 1945 



28 January 1945 



29 January 1945 


Bad Kreuznach 

Digitized by 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


■ J. * * t; * * 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

Above: Lead Crew 

Right: Leading the Group on its 200th 
mission were these three pilots, left 
to right, 1st Lt. George S. Schauna- 
man, Maj. William C. Garland, and 
Capt. Robert L. Stelzer. Major Gar- 
land was Air Commander and Capt. 
Stelzer and Lt. Schaunaman were 
squadron leaders. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googi 


Gen. Doolittle 
Is A Guest 
At "200lh" Party 

History will record the job done 
)y the heavy bombers as being large- 
y responsible for stopping the recent 
German breakthrough, Lt. Gen. James 
i. Doolittle, Commanding General of 
he Eighth Air Force, declared in a 
speech given at the 200th mission cele- 
bration of the 401st Bomb Group. 

"The Germans ran out of supplies 
because you destroyed those sup- 
plies," he said, "and you destroyed 
he roads and railroads on which those 
supplies were shipped." 

"The Hun is on the ropes. He is 
jroggy. Now is the time to knock him 
put. You've done a splendid job so 
tor. Now give him everything you've 
jot and get it over with." 

Other guests who spoke briefly 
vere Brig. Gen. Howard M. Turner, 
Commanding General 1st Air Division 
ind Col. E. A. Romig, Combat Wing 
Commander. They were introduced by 
Lt. Col. W. T. Seawell, Commanding 
Dfficer of the 401st. 

The Group's 200th mission also 
vas the 133rd Heavy Bomber mission 
tor Capt. Durward W. Fesmire, a 
squadron bombardier. All of Capt. 
resmire's missions were in Flying For- 
resses, 92 in the Southwest Pacific 

Music was furnished by the Fly- 
ing Yanks 8th Air Force orchestra 
amid a carnival atmosphere. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// 



ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 



February MISSIONS 1945 




1 February 1945 



3 February 1945 



6 February 1945 



9 February 1945 



10 February 1945 



14 February 1945 



15 February 1945 



16 February 1945 



20 February 1945 



21 February 1945 



22 February 1945 



23 February 1945 



24 February 1945 



25 February 1945 



26 February 1945 



27 February 1945 



28 February 1945 



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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / nttp:// : pa-googie 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// 

The "Betty J," last of the origin: 
Forts which started combat with thi 
401st . . . 993 hours flying time, 43 
in combat over the Reich. Twenty 
seven crews flew her on 59 mission! 
with 15 engine changes, three win 
changes, 324 battle scars. 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


Classified 4-F by his local draft board, T/Sgt. Clarence I 
Campbell made 12 attempts to enlist in the American Arm] 
and one in the Canadian Army before he was finally ac 
cepted, to stack up the following record: He flew the fou 
missions with the Eighth Air Force in the fall of 1942, whei 
fighter escort was unheard of. He has received confirmed 
credit for destroying two Messerschmitt 109s. Seventy-nim 
missions over Germany, France, during which 20 member 
of his various crews were killed. Wears Distinguished Uni 
Citation, with one cluster. Air Medal with 14 clusters and thi 
ETO ribbon with six bronze battle stars. 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


When Aircraft 125 (6 15th Squadron) 
crashed with a full load of bombs near 
the Cettesmere buncher late in Jan- 
uary, this is the result. All members 
escaped. Three were seriously injured 
but recovered, and six were able to re- 
turn to home base after the crash. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup://www.nai:nn:i 

These photos show damage to English 
house and barn from explosion of 
loaded B-17 nearby. The crew had 
bailed out when fire got out of control. 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

March MISSIONS 1945 



1 March 



2 March 



3 March 



4 March 



7 March 



8 March 



10 March 



11 March 



12 March 



14 March 



15 March 



17 March 



18 March 



19 March 



21 March 



22 March 



23 March 



24 March 



24 March 



28 March 



30 March 



31 March 














Zessen (Berlin area) 







Rheine, Germany 

Twente Enschede 



ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigitizea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

Original from 

Left: Crew of "Diana, Queen of the 
Chase 1 ' which flew with 401st from 
February 1945 until V-E Day. Photo 
was made after "Diana" had flown 
through 100 missions without an 
abortion. The men are : Back row, 
Kenneth A. Jeter, Jewell Hall, Louis 
Crosby, Si Parsons (co-pilot). Bill 
Kuhn, Kenneth V. Moore, Ray Za- 
camy (navigator) and Glenn Brock- 
way. Center, Darwin (Chris) Crist- 
man (crew chief), Lloyd Harveson, 
pilot. Kneeling • are assistant crew 
chiefs "Jay" and "George". 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 


18 MARCH 1945 

Left: Capt. Ralph Dempsey, pilot; Lt. 
Col. Ralph J. White and Capt. W. W. 
Dolan, lead bombardier, in front of 
blasted remains of Le Bourget air- 
drome. The 401st led the division on 
the mission in June 1944, which caused 
this devastation. 

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Despite an intense attack by enemy lighters, a 
smoke screen over the target area and heavy ilak, 
bombs released by 1st Lt. Robert W. Rowe, so de- 
molished installations of vital importance to the en- 
emy that he was awarded an Oak Leaf cluster to 
his DFC. 

Lt. Rowe had been on 44 major missions, had 
been over Berlin four times, and received confirmed 
credit for destroying one Nazi Messerschmitt 109. A 
lead bombardier on 24 missions, he underwent fighter 
attack on 15 out of 44 missions. On one of his last 
trips, to Berlin March 18, Nazi jet-propelled fighters at- 
tacked his formation but inflicted no damage. 


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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

401st Wins Bombing Plaque 

For leading all other Groups in its combat wing in bombing accuracy during 
March, the 401st Bomb Group commanded by Col. W. T. Seawell (left) is 
awarded a plaque by Brig. Gen. J. K. Lacey, Combat Wing Commander. 

April MISSIONS 1945 




4 April 1945 



5 April 1944 



7 April 1945 



8 April 1945 



9 April 1945 


F orstenf eldbruck 

10 April 1945 



11 April 1945 



14 April 1945 


Roy an, France 

15 April 1945 



16 April 1945 



17 April 1945 



18 April 1945 



19 April 1945 

. 253 


20 April 1945 



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The Commander-Jii-Chief Dies 

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tenant. A veteran of 21 missions over 
Germany he aided in hammering Nazi 
objectives from the western front to 
Central Europe and his formation's 
bombs hit war plants, marshalling 
yards, oil refineries, military installa- 
tions and troop positions. 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// : pa-googie 

RETURN FROM DRESDEN, 17 April. 1945 

CAPT. ROY R. WINN — 44 missions. Division 
leader once, Wing and Group leader 19 times. 
One Focke-Wolfe 190 to his credit. 

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ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

Unexpected Adventures in Europe Follow Landing On German 


When a B-17 Flying Fortress piloted by 1st Lt. C. P. Spence, penetrated an intense hail of flak and 
automatic weapons fire about the middle of April to make a "belly landing" on a German airfield, it was 
only the beginning of one of the most amazing series of adventures over a ten-day period ever exper- 
ienced by an American air crew. 

Taken prisoner by the Luftwaffe, five of the men including the pilot escaped from their Nazi guards 
three nights later when an Allied Mosquito, with engines out, glided in to strafe the column of prisoners 
being marched toward the interior of the Reich. 

The guantlet of incredible events then run by the five Americans included their capture when about 
to give themselves up, of 30 unarmed Germans and later of a hospital containing more than 200 others, and 
an abbreviated Cook's tour of northwestern Germany in an automobile taken from a German medical 
captain from one of the big estates owned by Hermann Goering not far from the River Elbe southeast of 

Trouble started when their Fortress was hit by flak in the vicinity of Oranienburg and two engines 
were knocked out. Lt. Spence turned out of the formation and began to lose altitude rapidly. 

The crew salvoed the ball turret and threw everything overboard to lessen the weight and "Heavy 
Date" was struggling on alone when it was picked up by two P-51 Mustangs who escorted it westward. 

"When we got in the vicinity of an airfield which I later found out to be Fassberg — a target our 
Group had bombed only a few days before — the 51's swooped down to strafe the place," Lt. Spence 
said. "I was down to 2,500 feet then and had no radio so I couldn't contact them but I think they strafed 
the field to draw anti-aircraft fire away from us. Just about that time they opened up on us from the 
ground with everything they had — flak guns, rifles and pistols. We were peppered from nose to tail, I 
lost another 500 feet before I could regain control and how we all weren't killed is a miracle." 

Three of the crew did have narrow escapes. A bullet went through the jacket sleeve of Flight Officer 
Victor D. Datlenko, the navigator, an incendiary burned through the flying boot of Sgt. Abraham "Gus" 
A. Lehat, the engineer gunner, and the waist gunner, Sgt. Dante S. De Fazio, was grazed over the head 
by another fragment. 

Lt. Spence knew he couldn't make it much farther so he decided to come in for a landing. He saw the 
landing strip, put his wheels down and as he approached the field while the Germans were still firing, 
noticed that the strip was full of bomb craters. 

He yelled to Flight Officer Hughie J. Reiner, the co-pilot, to put the wheels up and the landing gear 
was not fully retracted when the bomber hit the ground. The big aircraft bellied across the field, within 
40 yards of a hangar, hit a crater and vaulted over a pile of rocks. 

When it leaped into the air, Sgt. DeFazio, who had been holding onto the armor plate in the waist, 
was thrown forward and fell clear of the ship, through the hole in the bottom left by the ball turret. 
Sgt. John D. Bane, the tail gunner who also was riding in the waist, made a lunge to grab DeFazio and fell 
partly through the ball turret opening. The bomber slashed down 15 to 20 yards of small pine trees 
q ) and screeched to a stop in a tangle of roots and trees with Sgt. Bane pinned underneath. 

The crew tumbled out and while the Germans ran forward to capture them, began to dig Sgt. Bane 
out from under the wreckage with their hands and pocket knives. A Luftwaffe major, armed with a 
burp gun, came up but didn't interrupt until Bane was free — though it took nearly 20 minutes to get 
him out. 

Sgts. Bane and DeFazio, who were not seriously injured, were taken to a hospital about a mile and 
a half away and the other eight members of the crew wei»e marched to a prison. After a night without 
blankets or any food, a German captain came to the prison and asked Lt. Spence for morphine for the 
injured men. Lt. Spence pointed toward the airplane and a guard marched him at the point of a luger 
toward the wreckage. 

About halfway there the guard stopped, and in broken English, said, "I should shoot you down like 
a dog." 

"Why?" asked Lt. Spence. 

"You Americans killed my wife and children," he was told. 

"I didn't do it and I'm sorry," said Lt. Spence. 

About that time a vehicle drove by and Lt. Spence believes this interruption may have saved his life. 
From other prisoners and through Sgt. Phillip Tumminia, toggelier, who can speak Italian, the Amer- 
icans learned they were 70 miles from Allied troops and that the Germans were getting ready to evacuate 
the field. 

The third night after their capture, the Americans with other prisoners were marched eastward. When 
about four and a half miles from the field, the Americans heard huge explosions set off by the Nazis 
to complete the demolition of the airbase. 

"We marched about 15 miles," Lt. Spence said, "and watched for any opportunity to escape. There 

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were only 13 of us and we had six guards — old men — but we were unarmed and didn't want to make 
an open break for it. It was about one o'clock in the morning when suddenly the sky was brilliantly 
lighted by a flare and we saw a Mosquito, which had silently glided in, turn to strafe the column of 
trucks which was just ahead of us. 

"Everybody hit the ground and I said 'This is it — let's hit it.' Five of us ran about 300 yards to c 
nearby woods and when the Mosquito made a second pass, we hit the trail again." 

In the group in addition to Lt. Spence were Flight Officer Reiner, Sgt. Lehat, Sgt. Tumminia and Sgt. 
Michael P. Starrs, the radio operator. 

They traveled all that night, slept in concealed bomb craters during the day time, living off a 
couple of loaves of black bread the Germans had given them before they started their march, and on the 
second night started west again. 

"We only had the stars to go by," Lt. Spence said, "but luckily the fire breaks in the woods seemed 
to run east and west and we knew we were going in the right direction. About midnight of the second 
night we came to a wire fence 12 or 15 feet high and after a short consultation — and another of our 
brief prayer meetings — we held several of them — we decided to go over the fence. When we got inside 
we passed what looked like a small workshop and then noticed a pile of boxes. Imagine our shock when 
we investigated and found they were wooden caskets, each one with a body and each one with a 
German name on the outside. There were about 100 of these boxes in a pile and there was a pile about 
every 30 yards. The piles continued for almost four miles when we got to the other side of the enclosure 
and climbed over the fence and got out. That was an experience none of us will ever forget — the sweat 
still comes on me when I think about it. There were hundreds — thousands — of loaded caskets in that 

The group spent the second day in hiding and toward dusk of the third day they could hear gunfire 
in the distance and knew they were getting near the front lines. Suddenly they came upon a small air- 
field and when some Allied planes went over they found they were in the middle of a number of flak 
gun batteries. 

"We saw a small barn ahead and we made a dash for it," Lt. Spence continued. "We were pretty 
cold and hungry so we spent the night there and about mid-morning of the fourth day a lot of Germans 
passed the place. They apparently were from some of the gun batteries and a few of them left their 
packs outside the barn. A couple of my boys were so hungry we decided to post a watch while two of 
them went outside to steal a couple of the packs. They got the packs, brought them inside and we were 
just about to open them when six Germans came into the barn. I knew it was all over so I stepped for- 
ward and said 'Kamerad!' Then one of the most startling things happened. Instead of taking us prisoner, 
the Germans put their hands in the air, a couple of them offered us cigarettes and one of them said, 
'Americano panzers?' I said 'Yes' and the Germans just stood there. About that time Reiner who was 
watching the other end of the bam yelled, 'Here's two more of them.' 'Bring them in' I told him and before 
we got through, unarmed as we were, we had 30 prisoners. 

"We just stood there for about 20 minutes when a shell from one of the approaching tanks came so 
close to the barn the doors flew open. Then the Germans got wise and knew they weren't safe after 
all. Before we could stop them they ran out of the door and disappeared into the woods." 

The Americans knew they were close to their own lines so they started out again — reassured after 
their unusual experience and considerably bolder. After walking about a mile they came across three 
more Germans, one armed with a machine gun, another with what looked like a bazooka and the third 
with a number of small hand mines or hand grenades. 

The Yanks stopped to talk with them and immediatejy tgl^a Nazis ihev were 'Americano panzers.' 

ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / nup:// : pa-googi 

The Germans seemed to believe them and one of them took out a camera and took a picture of the Amer- 
\ icons and Flight Officer Reiner tried to snatch the camera away from him. 

"Na Na". said the German but he indicated by -motions that if Reiner would give him his name he 
would send him some pictures. Reiner wrote his name on a slip of paper and gave it to the Nazi. Then the 
Germans started to walk away and the Americans walked in the other direction. 

Nervous because the Germans were so heavily armed, Lt. Spence said, "'Look around when we get 
a little bit away and if they look back, just wave at them." This happened a couple of times and soon 
\ the Germans were out of sight. 

Before long the Americans came across a number of red buildings each with a red cross painted on 
the walls and roof. While standing near the Gate a German medical captain came out and Lt. Spence said, 
"We are Americano panzers." The captain spoke broken English, said he understood, that there were about 
200 wounded prisoners in the hospital, that he was unarmed and would surrender to the Americans. He 
then invited them inside vvhere he gave the hungry Yanks a big meal and some liquor. 

One strange experience seemed to be topped by another still more strange and when Lt. Spence 
walked through the hospital wards among the first patients he saw were his two own crewmen — Sgts. De- 
Fazio and Bane. They were being moved further inside Germany on a train, they said, when it was 
strafed and wrecked and they had been moved to this hospital a couple of days before. The hospital, they 
said, was formerly an estate owned by Hermann Goering and was operated mostly by German civilians. 

About five miles away English tanks could be seen on a hillside so Lt. Spence, Sgt. Tumminia, the 
German captain and an English soldier who had been wounded, got in one of Goering's cars which was 
inside the estate, and drove toward the English lines. They used a bed sheet for a white flag. 

They contacted an English major who heard their story, told Lt. Spence to go back and take charge 
of the hospital, warning none of the occupants to leave, and then gave him an ambulance to remove 
the two injured sergeants to an English hospital back of the lines. 

The group went back to the hospital, Sgts. DeFazio and Bane were loaded into the ambulance and 
sent back, the occupants of the hospital were told they couldn't leave the place for two days and then 
the Americans decided they would get on their way. 

"Sometime during all the confusion the German captain disappeared and we didn't see him again," 
Lt. Spence said, "so we took Goering's car and using maps the English had given us, drove a few miles 
to a small town named Munster — not the big city of Munster but another place by the same name. 

"When we got there a lot of Italians who had been slave laborers and were recently freed, were 
having a big barbecue. Sgt. Tumminia began to talk to them and they invited us to join the celebration. 
They were cooking spaghetti in big pots and had several pigs over a fire. There was a lot of liquor 
around. My co-pilot disappeared and soon returned with a motorcycle and sidecar and another one of 
the boys had a new Mercedes he had found in an abandoned gaiage. By that time some of the other boys 
had gotten hold of some swords and sabers and we were a fine looking outfit. 

"The Mercedes wouldn't start so I grabbed one of the Germans and told him to start it. 'Na Na, kap^it' 
he said, but when one of my boys waved a saber at him, he got inside and started it. Then we asked an- 
other German for some pistols and he said no, there weren't any around. I grabbed him by the collar, 
one of the boys waved his saber and the German took us to a nearby cellar which was full of rifles and 
pistols. We each took a pistol and then went back and ate with the Italians. The party began to get rough 
and some of the liberated slave laborers got hold of a steam roller and were driving it all over, knock- 
ing down buildings and over-running wagons and everything in sight. I thought it was time to start moving 
so we filled our tank with benzine and took off in the direction of Hannover." 

At Hannover, which the Americans said had been knocked flat by bombing and from artillery fire, 
they met a colored American ordnance unit who supplied them with champagne, fed them and gave 
them a place to sleep that night in a hotel they had just taken over. The Germans had left the hotel so 
hurriedly there was a lot of clothing left behind and Lt. Spence and his crew decked themselves out in 
top hats and queer looking coats and headed for G utersloch where they were told was an American C-47 

At Guterslch transport was not available so the strangely-clad American group filled their Mercedes 
with gasoline and headed for a P-47 base near the large city of Munster. They went through Pader- 
born en route and were aghast at the scenes of destruction all along the way. 

When they arrived at the American Base at Munster again they were told that transport was un- 

"Later on I got talking to an American major," Lt. Spence said, "and he asked me what we were going 
to do with our car? I told told him if he could get us a flight to Paris or back to England I'd give him 
the damn thing. 'Brother,' he said, 'you've made a deal' and he went to the control tower and soon had 
a C-47 coming over to pick us up. When it arrived I told the pilot I hated to give up the Mercedes and 
he said 'drive it into the C-47 and I'll take it back to Paris with you.' But since I had promised to give 
it to the major I left it there and we took off for Paris." 

There, word was sent to their home unit; the men were processed and three days later — exactly 
13 days after they had left for their mission to Oranienburg, they were back with their Squadron. 

One of the places where they stopped during their automotive tour of Germany was headquarters of 
the 9th Army but the ground forces were moving so fast inside Germany they had no time to worry about 
the airmen who seemed to be getting on famously well. On their trip, they said, most of the bridges on the 
main highways had been blown up and they were forced to detour -scores of miles to get to Munster. But 
it was all enjoyable and "a sight seeinq trip if there ever was one." 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea / ntup:// 

the course of the campaign in the air 
for the liberation of France/' 

They are Colonel William T. Sea- 
well, Group Commander, who receiv- 
ed the Croix de Guerre with palm; and 
Lt. Col. Delwyn E. Silver, Air Executive; 
Lt. Col. Ralph J. White, a Squadron 
Commander, and Lt. Col. William C. 
Garland, Group Operations Officer. 

Gen de Corps d'Arme Valin of 
the French Air Force represented his 
government in making the presenta- 

Seven former members of the 
401st Bomb Group who had gone to 
other assignments also received 
awards. They are Col. H. W. Bowman, 
former Group Commander; Col. H. E. 
Rogner, former Air Executive; Lt. Col. 
Burton K. Voorhees, former Air Exe- 
cutive, Croix de Guerre with palm; 
Lt. Col. Edwin W. Brown and Lt. Col. 
Jere W. Maupin, former Squadron 
Commanders; Croix de Guerre with 
Gold Star; Major Arnold C. Kuenning, 
former Squadron bombardier, Croix de 
Guerre with Silver Star; and Staff Ser- 
geant James R. Hamilton, top turret 
gunner, Croix de Guerre. 




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'Only folly can delay general capitulation ’ —President Truman last night 



Million Germans surrender 
to Alexander's armies 


The King will tell Britain and Empire ‘Weil done on VE-Day evening 


ioi ic uomain, uoogie-aigmzea 

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base in England, after Air Echelon had taken off for 
the United States. 

En route home. Group of 401st men on boai 
Queen Elizabeth relax in one of the deck lifeboat 

yes but happy. A picture of one of the 
°rs occupied by 401st men on the 

All Aboard! 401st men on station platform 
England en route to Port Glasgow to board Que< 

Elizabeth! 1 Q 1 r 


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01 st men waiting to board train for Port Glasgow. 

The gang has gone. Soldier looks at wall deco- 
rations in deserted Combat Mess. 

401 Officers relax over poker table in Officers' 
Lounge on Queen Elizabeth. 

ap game among 401st men on Queen Elizabeth. 

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